Beulah Baptist Church
Friday, September 22, 2017

Isaiah II

Isaiah II
 
Chapter 40
[vv. 1-2] – the main theme of [Is. II] is comfort; the word comfort is found 13x between [Ch.40-66] and it denotes a strong impulse of the mind and it can literally mean to cause to see the Truth…Is. use of comfort points to the Truth of Jesus Christ…
[vv. 3-5] – in order to understand the work of John the Baptist we have to keep in mind that the roads in that part of the world where in constant disrepair, this has been the case even to this day…so what they would do is send out a heralder who would cry that a great dignitary was about to pass and people would come out and prepare the way of the Lord or the king…the entire nation is called to prepare the way…
[vv. 6-8] – cry – he must preach the Word…people will fade away but the Word of God will stand forever – Ps. 104:30 – the Spirit of God brings life
[vv. 9-14] – the Shepherd King with His tender mercy on the flock is at the same time God the Creator, 7x, that Holy Number indicating completion speaks about His power, wisdom is pointed out, by Him omnipotence, omniscience, He measured all the waters of the oceans in Him closed hand, so there is not one drop to many or one drop to little…He has taken the measure of the limitless heavens with the span of His fingers, all the dust of the earth He has measured with the measure
·         the power of this comparison is clear to anyone the earth’s globe is so small to the Messiah, that He could scoop and carry away its dust in a small measure…but man believes, he’s great and accomplished so many things…
·         the marvelous order of the universe is ascribed to the power of the Messiah…He has measured everything in heaven and earth…astronomers and mathematicians believe they can figure this out scientifically and they refuse to bow to Jesus Christ…see [Phil.2:5-11]
·         the wisdom of God is summarized in these verses [Rom. 11:33-36]
[vv. 15-17] – the insignificance of all the nations is contrasted sharply with the overwhelming greatness of the Lord…[v.16] – the main thought here is that there is no sacrificial fire great enough to satisfy God…the only thing that pleases God is a heart turned toward Him through the blood of Jesus
[vv. 18-20] – whenever the prophet Is. speaks about idolatry it seems as if he can’t keep himself from using sarcasm and mockery – he speaks about the absurdity of worshiping idols – next he leads us by the hand as it were through the workshop where idols were made
- picture of the pre-resurrected Christ (Song of Solomon 5:10-16) post (Rev. 1:13-15)
[vv. 21-26] – the Messiah is described, first of all, as He who sitteth upon the circle of the earth; believing astronomers have marveled that long before astronomy discovered that the world was round, (700 yrs. before the birth of Christ) the prophet Is. spoke about the circle of the earth
·         there the Son of God is sitting in before His incarnation and after His exultation He sits at the right hand of the Father…
LECTURE ON STARS – MAZZAROTH
·         speaking of the stars [Job 9:9; 38:31] – the name Orion comes from a Hebrew root word meaning coming forth as light; the constellation is also known by ancients as the might triumphant, glorious prince; it can also be translated the strong one; the hero or the giant and Orion points to the Light of the World, Jesus Christ [Ps. 24:1] – the brightest star of the Orion constellation is named Betelgeuse/coming of the branch [Mal. 3:2] the next brightest star is named Riesel in Hebrew means the foot that crusheth – the 3rd is belatrix means the one who comes quickly or destroys swiftly the 4th elnitoch, the wounded one [Is. 53:5] the 5th is safe means bruised one [Gen. 3:15] – the constellation of Orion points to Jesus Christ the prince of glory who was wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities, by His stripes we are healed…He who redeems us with loving kindness
[Job 38:32] – “Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season?
·         what is Mazzaroth? It is the ancient name for the zodiac; this should clearly show us that the scriptures and not the world define what the zodiac is…
·         if we turn to history we are met with the fact that the 12 signs of the zodiac are the same throughout ancient cultures both as to the meaning of their names and order in all the ancient nations of the world…
·         For more on this listen to Tape 1/Side 1 – a good book on the stars – E.W. Bullinger
[vv.27-31] – God plan for Israel is seen in [v.31] and in this beautiful metaphor we see a faint reflection       of the taking up of believers when the Lord comes at the rapture, when we also be made conformable       to Jesus Christ…
Sermon illustration –
      I believe many Christians are acting like crows, now when a flock of crows gathers people really don’t pay much attention, they’re all over the country no matter where you go you can see    crows…but when you see a majestic eagle in flight, people stop and take notice…
·         God wants to lift His people up on ‘the wings of eagles’; He wants them to beautiful and graceful and He wants them to be strong…renewed in His strength and to live above the world…now, we’re in the world but we should not be of the world or influenced by the world or eyes should be on our heavenly home [Jn.14:1-3] 
 
Chapter 41
[vv.1-4] – God is presenting Himself as summoning the islands (that is a poetic name for the idolatrous nations and this include the United States and God is calling them to judgment…
·         this grand presentation is simple the Lord will present His case first, then in [v.21] the nations will present their case…He is not asking much of the nations only that they predict the future events [vv. 22-23] certainly this is to mock their foolish wisdom
·         the first four verses of this chapter, the Jewish Rabbi’s usually take it to mean Father Abraham; many of the church fathers such as Eusebius, Jerome, Cyrus were of the opinion that it referred to the Messiah,
·         many pre-millennialists today believe that…
·         the liberal school of scholarship believes that it refers totally to Cyrus
·         first of all we need to say that none of these 3 views fir exactly, we must first think of this as Cyrus and that his conquest here are described here in an ordinary prophetic form; you both secular and sacred documents present Cyrus as righteous and good…
·         he can be called righteous or as the text actually calls him, justice, especially since he carried out the righteous vengeance on Babylon and with that the deliverance of Israel…
·         on the other hand this is not just speaking about Cyrus, but about Jesus Christ, hence we believe this to be a double-reference prophecy with total completion to be found in Jesus Christ…and Cyrus as a type of Christ
 
A Little Bit About Cyrus
·         he was the king of Persia from 559BC – 530BC; he is also known as Cyrus the Great; he is the man who allowed the Jews to return to their homeland after the Persians became the dominant force in the ancient world; within 20 yrs. after becoming king of Persia
·         Cyrus had conquered the Medes, Lidians, Babylonians, in 549, 547, 539 BC respectively
·         he is praised most highly in the OT…in [Is.44:28; 45:1] he is called God’s shepherd and His anointed…that latter title “his anointed” makes him the only pagan ruler in the Word of God to be given that honorable title…
·         he first appears in the OT with the release of the Jewish captives taken in the captivity of Judah – [2 Chron. 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4]
·         the OT describes him as chosen by the Lord of God of Israel has the deliverer of His people; [2 Chron. 36:23; Ezra 6:1-12]
[vv. 5-7] – the Lord [vv. 1-4] had summoned the nations to judgment, but [v. 5] shows the result – they came near, but they feared and trembled, these 2 words describes the effect the summons of the Lord had on them, they panicked; then with holy irony Is. says that they put their heads together and encouraged each other…you see, they believe they are ready for the judgment of God but they’re not, because Is. shows that they feverishly begin making idols of whose support they want against God…
[vv. 8-10] – Israel is designated here with 3 names and for that reason it is simply inexcusable that some commentators assign these glorious promises to the church – those 3 names are taken, called, chosen
[vv. 11-12] – the nations are described here as fierce anti-Semitic nations, who are incensed, infuriated, burning with anger against Israel and they strike, strive, and contend and war against her…there are four types of anti-Semitism
1)      Political – we find it with Pharaoh who commenced to oppress Israel more than 2000 yrs. before the birth of Christ, when he drowned the Hebrew baby boys
2)      Ecclesiastical –
3)      Social – found in all nations
4)      Philosophical – brought into the world by Nazi Germany and from this came the Redaction CRITICISM School of Theology, where they just nit-pick the Word of God apart…
[vv. 13-16] – in [vv. 10-14] it is said of Israel 3x “Fear not” that was necessary because the exiles had so many things to fear…but God shows them they have nothing to fear, for He will keep them…the little worm in [v. 14] is Israel…
[vv. 21-23] – the actual test in this passage is the literal fulfillment of prophecy…God invites the nations to point out to Him things that will take place in the future and things that are taking place now which were predicted in the past…in the OT, the Word of God teaches that is a prophet declared something and it did not come to pass he was to be stoned, he would be a false prophet…I wonder how many false prophets would be willing to say today, I’m willing to die by stoning if my prophecies don’t come to pass…how many psychics do you think would be willing to do it?
 
Chapter 42
[vv. 1-4] – the entire passage concerning Him is governed by Holy Numbers 3 & 7 – He is called by 3 names – my servant; whom I uphold; mine elect…
·         His character and work are point out in 7 ways
1)      Elect – does not refer to the sole election of one from among many, but to the great love the Father has for the Son
2)      I have put My Spirit upon Him, and that was fulfilled literally at Christ baptism by John the Baptist
3)      He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles – Jesus Christ will judge the nations and from that good will result [Matt. 25]
4)      He shall not cry – this indicates that with Him there shall not be found any hollow slogans – this refers to His quiet, unobtrusive teacher at His first coming…
5)      A bruised reed, He shall not break – it refers to His goodness toward that which is weak and in need of help
6)      He shall bring forth judgment unto truth – His great mission as already been indicated in [v.3] He will restore justice among the nations in Truth and righteousness…
7)      The isles shall wait for Him – here the isles refers to the distant heathen nations, during His reign the nations will look longingly for His law [Matt. 5:7]
[vv. 5-9] – see [Lk. 2:25-32] – He will be Light to the Gentiles
[vv. 10-12] – here it is said that Christ will change the sighs of creation into songs…note the #7 found in these verses
1)      From the end of the earth
2)      Ye that go down to the sea
3)      The isles, and the inhabitants thereof
4)      The wilderness
5)      The cities
6)      The villages that Kedar doth inhabit
7)      The inhabitants of the rock sing
- this is speaking of the fulfilling of the groaning of creation [Rom. 8:22-26]
[vv. 13-17] – deal with the coming of the Lord to His people and also to His enemies…
[vv. 18-25] – these verses deal with the spiritual blindness of Israel [Is. 6:9] this description again is seven-fold that depicts Israel’s history for the last 2000 yrs. 
 
II. God’s Redemption of His Servant, Israel & Israel’s Deliverance Under Cyrus… [43:1-45:25]
 
Chapter 43
[vv. 1-2] – Israel’s Indestructibility – as a rule this promise is usually explained as referring to the safety of the NT church; but that this promise is given to Israel is obvious and incontestable, certainly the Lord does protect His church, but here the context irrefutably is directed toward Israel…the Exodus is alluded to here
·         Gaal is a Hebrew word that means redeemed and it’s translated to as paying a ransom…the word redeemer it used 18 xs in the OT…once in Job, 2x Psalms, 1 Proverbs, 1 Jer., 13 Is. – it literally means to pay back a relatives property in the Hebrew…
·         Redemption…comes through the atoning blood of Jesus Christ
         - definition is an act of God by which He, Himself pays as a ransom the price of human sin which the outraged holiness and government of God requires…
·         The Hebrew word Gaal had 4 requirements:
         1) is the redeemer must be a kinsman [Heb. 2:11]
         2) the redeemer must be able to pay the full ransom price [Acts 20:28, 1 Pt. 1:18-19]
         3) the redeemer had to be free from the calamity that caused the one He was redeeming to be placed in bondage [2 Cor. 5:21]
         4) the redeemer had to be freely willing to redeem the one in bondage [Jn. 10:13-18]
·         He says He call Israel by name; to call a person by name in scripture speaks of an intimate relationship…thus the Good Shepherd knows His sheep, by Name…
·         [Isaiah 59:19] – referring back to [v.2] and also back to the crossing over of the Red Sea when Israel walked thru on dry ground…
[vv. 3-8] – Promise of Restoration to Israel…through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Is. uses the personal pronoun, no less than 36x in 28 verses of this chapter…the entire history of Israel is dominated by the Divine I…when God spoke to Moses at the burning bush and Moses said who shall I say sent me…God said I AM…
·         the basic idea is that God is in charge and that He blesses and He is over all…
·         [v.3] – “ransom” it’s a very important word and it highlights the glorious subject of Christ’s satisfaction… [Is. 53] – the word ransom in the Hebrew means covering – the blood covers our sins…
[vv. 9-13] – a summons to a meeting of the Nations…
·         God summons the nations to declare who is God? And again, He puts the nations to the test…note, all through the prophets, and the OT, we’ll find similar words that ring out in [Joshua 24:14-15]
·         The restored Jews will be witnesses against the idolatrous nations…
[vv. 14-17] – Babylon will be punished by God because of their treatment of Israel
·         The main thought here is that Babylon will be completely punished
[vv. 18-21] – the “New Thing”
·         Israel was shown great things in the past, but the best is yet to come, remember the desert will blossom as a rose…
·         First, He will do new things to creation; second, to the animal kingdom; He’ll do many glorious things for Israel during the millennial reign…glimpse of the [Mark 1:13] – He was with the wild beasts and angels ministered unto Him
·         Everything will honor Christ [Phil. 2:5-11] – everything will bow to Christ
·         Also Israel will finally reach her destination to which she has been called throughout the ages and that is to show forth the praises of God…this is also part of the new thing that God will create…in the millennium…
 
[vv. 22-25] – Israel’s Ungratefulness…7 sins of omission...
1.      their prayerlessness – they had not called upon God…
2.      the small cattle of burnt offering had not been brought to God – the burnt offering is mentioned first because it was the outstanding sacrifice in Israel’s worship service, brought every morning and evening and represented total commitment to God…
3.      they didn’t honor God with sacrifices – they were holding back from God
4.      the food offering – needed to consist of something derived from the vegetable kingdom and it accompanied the burnt offering always
5.      wearied thee with incense – which symbolized the present scent of prayer which was used profusely in Israel’s sacrificial service…
6.      brought no sweet cane with money – Israel wouldn’t spare a thing for the Lord
7.      they hadn’t filled God with the fat of the sacrifices – the fat of the sacrifices was the very burnt offering one could bring to the Lord; they were robbing God...
[vv. 26-28] – what is meant by this reference to “first father” – the instructor believes that the best opinion as to who is thy “first father” is Adam…the rabbi’s and many of the early church fathers taught this…Israel had inherited her corrupt nature from him
·         the teachers who have transgressed against me – refers to all the book that try to explain away the Holy Scriptures and also a reference to the priests who had to explain it and to the people who didn’t try to deny it, but they mixed it with human wisdom
·         therefore, there is a curse put upon those who do these things [Dt. 13:6,11; Josh. 7:10,26; 1 Sam. 15:3] – we are not to mix the Word of God with human wisdom - see Paul’s instruction in Timothy [2 Tim. 4:1-5] 
 
The Promise of the Outpouring of the Spirit
Chapter 44
[vv. 1-5] – Israel is given the comforting promise in these verses that the Gentile nations that once cursed her, will consider it an honor to name themselves with the name of Jacob and be allowed to be the possession of Jacob’s God…
·         the word Jesurun appears in 4x in the OT, here in [Is. 44:2; Dt. 32:15, 33:5, 26] in all cases it is used of Israel; what is God trying to get across by using that name? It is a diminutive of the Hebrew word Jashur which means upright…God uses this word here because He is pointing to the millennium…
·         [v. 3] – He talks about the promise of the outpouring of God’s Spirit cf. [Joel 2:28-29; Ezk. 36:27-35; 37:6, 14; Zech. 12:10]
[vv. 6-8] – there can be no doubt that is the Lord Jesus Christ who is speaking here, for according to His own good confession before Pilate He declared Himself to be the King of Israel…
·         in the day of His coming, Christ will reveal Himself as the captains of our salvation [cf.- Rev. 1:7, 17; 22;13]
          [vv. 9-20] – Idolatry Mocked…in a world in which thousands of gods and goddesses were worshiped, this was truly a bold question that God asks in [v. 8], Is there a
          God besides Me?
·         Yet many in Israel, if they were honest and sought things out in their hearts would’ve had to say yes God, there are gods beside You – we have worshiped other gods
           besides You…
·         Some of the gods Israel worshiped were Baal, Kemash, Askteroth, Remphan [Is. 65:11] were it speaks about troops and numbers and these troop and numbers were
           twin idols of good luck
[vv. 11] – points to the utter ruin of all who worship idols…
[vv. 21-23] – here God reminds Israel that she came and had her origins from God Almighty
·         Israel’s sins will be forgiven when the Son of Righteousness rises over Israel with healing [Mal. 4:2] – this is placed in the last book of the OT and then we go into
           what is known as the silent period [Inter-Testamental Period] with 450 years of silence, but God wants to remind Israel again that He will rise over Israel with the
           Son of Righteousness with healing in His wings…
[vv. 24-26] – Is. mentions something in these verses, he mentions the diviners…when Israel prepared to enter into the Promised Land, God gave them specific instructions regarding the occult practices and religions that were being conducted in the land of Canaan [DT. 18:9]
·         Paul reiterates this command about demonic influences in [Col. 2:18]
·         God warns Israel that they would be tempted and enticed to join in on these practices and this is what happened to some of these people…
·         What is divination? 
-          It is the specific practice named by Moses in his prohibition of occult practices [Dt. 18:10] oftentimes it included the killing of a chicken or small animal and the
          observation of its liver and they claimed they could determine the state of the affairs and direction of the immediate future due to the color or shape of that liver.
          cf. [Ezk. 21:21], essentially, divination is an illegitimate means of trying to determine the will of God…two that are still practiced today is the reading of palms and
          tea leaf reading…also involved in divination is something called “water-witching” a fork stick is grasped and they claim they can discover gold and other precious
          metals and oil…
·         Magic – which is not allowed by God as it finds its source in demonic power…for into on “white magic” listen to Tape 2 Side 2 – some scriptures to guide us [I Tim.
          4:1,2; I Jn. 4:1,2] it is called white magic because it parades under the appearance of light; white magic furnishes a perfect illustration of the Apostle Paul’s
          warning [2 Cor. 11:14, 15]
·         Sorcery is closely related to magic…magic usually relates to accomplishing specific acts; where sorcery relates to calling upon demons to relate certain situations
          around people…a sorcerer is one who uses incantations or omens; in our days it includes the use of psychedelic drugs…
·         Necromancy which is the effort to communicate and interrogate with the dead, the Bible plainly teaches that the dead are unable to communicate with the living [Lk. 16: 27-31]
[vv. 27-28] – the prophecy regarding Cyrus…this heathen king Cyrus played a considerable role in God’s council [II Chron. 36:22, 23; Ezra 1:1, 2, 7, 8; 3:7:4:3]
·         his name in Aramaic literally means the shepherd – Cyrus came on the scene to free Israel 
  
The Lord’s Address to Cyrus [45:1-7]
[vv. 1-7] – the first six verses contain an address by God to King Cyrus and this address contains 3 main points…
·         1) how God used king Cyrus 2) what He will do for Cyrus 3) with what objective He will do this…the entire address contains the great “I” which occurs 16x in the
              first seven verses and that will be the secret of Cyrus’s victories…
·         Cyrus nor his generals shall have the honor of his victories, but Christ will receive the honor for the victories that will be accomplished through Cyrus…
·         Its very unique that Cyrus is known as God’s anointed [v.1] – Cyrus was a type of Christ…
·         Type – is a figure, representation, or a symbol or something that is to come; such as a person or event in the OT which foreshadows another person or event in the NT…
·         most types find their fulfillment in the person and ministry of Christ
·         Anti-type – fulfillment or completion or an earlier truth revealed in the OT
·         ex. Baptism in the NT fulfills the function of Noah’s Ark in the OT, thus the Ark was a type of baptism and thus baptism itself would be an anti-type [1 Pt. 3:21]
·         [Book – Theology of Scripture – Author Patrick Fairborn]
·         Cyrus was a type of Christ because he had been anointed with the spirit of qualification; God anointed him in a qualifying sense, for he fulfilled a typology of
          Christ…his victories came because God anointed him and God used him for the purpose of striking down the nations before him – this fact shows without doubt
          God’s support of him…
·         Why did God do this? So that Cyrus might acknowledge Him in His greatness as Israel’s God and Cyrus’s proclamation to free the Jews tells us that this objective
           was reached [Daniel; Ezra]
[v. 7] – Cyrus, was a Persian and Persians had what is a dualistic concept of God and of the world…they had
        a good god and an evil god…the good god supposedly created the light and the bad god the darkness;
        more than likely Cyrus wasn’t free from this – but with this statement God says I am the One who
        created all things…
·         As pertains to evil see [Job 1:12; 2:6]
[v. 8] – Isaiah’s Prayer
·         The other reason Cyrus received God’s favor is because he freed the Jews from their 70 yr. captivity in Babylon; which is a type or deliverance that was brought
          about by Jesus Christ…the final deliverance will not come from Israel until she receives Christ as Messiah during the Tribulation Period – knowing that Cyrus breaks
           out into a prayer for the coming and reign of Christ
[vv. 9-13] – God’s justification in choosing a Persian deliverer…
·         The idea is commonly held that the Jews murmured about God’s using a Persian deliverer rather than Jew to deliver them and these words here are a rebuke…God
           ways I choose, when I will choose to deliver you
·         We who are fashioned by God have no business arguing with God over His ways and means –
[v. 13] – God puts an end to their murmuring by saying that God has raised up Cyrus in righteousness to free Israel and destroy Babylon…
[vv. 14-15] – everything that is said of Cyrus liberation of the Jews will be done completely by Christ in His
             coming again to Israel, hence this text places us suddenly in the midst of Israel’s complete restoration and the nations coming to restored Israel and Israel’s God
·         All prophecy stretches itself toward the day of Christ…these prophecies of Cyrus bringing about deliverance have never been completely fulfilled either in the past or
           even now, in the present…but when Christ comes they will be gloriously fulfilled in Israel…
[vv. 16-25] – Israel saved with an everlasting salvation…the main thought of these verses is everlasting salvation; but Isaiah also ridicules idolatry here again…
[v. 19] – God contrasts His revelation with the heathen oracles…
·         Usually these heathen oracles would cast their revelations in dark hidden caves; from this grew secret societies; but God has always spoken openly [John 18:20; Dt.
           30:11]
[vv. 22-25] – it is Christ who is speaking here for only Christ can call all the ends of the earth to Himself…
 
Chapter 46
[vv. 1-4] – the god’s of Babylon needed to be carried, but the God of Israel carries His people…
·         Every night the priests of Babylon would tell the people they needed to bring food or wine and place it in Bel’s temple…the next morning the people would go there and the food would be gone and they would believe that Bel had eaten the food…but all it was is that the priests would eat and drink themselves sick and drunk and then would claim Bel came during the night and ate the food…
[v. 4] – points to the fact that God will care for and always love Israel
·         For more on this verse listen to Tape 3/Side 1
[vv. 8-13] - Cyrus, the ravenous bird
·         After once more depicting the foolishness of idolatry, Isaiah makes the application; He wants the people to blush with shame at the thought that at times they too,
          like the surrounding nations had practiced idolatry
·         He want Israel to contemplate her ways and to admit that there is no other God but the Lord God, Israel must consider her ways with her heart and realize that
           idolatry and image worships were the main reasons for her exile into Babylon…and God points out the steadfastness of His counsel…
·         Cyrus is called a ravenous bird because he will come swiftly on Babylon and rob Babylon of all her treasures…God says; here that Cyrus who is a type of Christ
           executes God’s counsel…
·         What does Jesus do  see [Is. 9:6] 
 
Chapter 47
[vv. 1-11] – Babylon’s Debasement…
·         Israel give us the description of the humiliation of Babylon; it is presented in the bold image of a rich, frivolous young woman who has a prisoner is doomed to the despicable state of slavery in every respect and is treated as such…
·         Cities were often compared to virgin daughters [Is. 1:8; 37:22; Jer. 31:21; Lamentations 1:15] – the reason being is that a city was often seen as lovely an desirable and thus is fittingly compared to a young woman
·         To uncover the locks [v.2] would put women of honor in mid-eastern culture to shame…
·         Babylon is not to be merely understood in the historical sense but also in an Apocalyptic sense…the following verses in this chapter have bearing on future Babylon found in [Rev. 17 & 18]
[vv. 4-6] – in Is.’s day Babylon was still queen of the kingdom’s but according to [v.5] it is not longer going
      to be so…because of the barbaric treatment of Israel is the first and main reason of Babylon’s fall…
·         Though God used Babylon to punish Israel for her sins, that did not give Babylon the right to treat Israel in this way
·         [Ps. 137 gives a good commentary on this text] – here we see Babylon oppressed Is., but Babylon herself would later be oppressed when she was conquered by the Medes and Persians…
·         [Daniel 5]
[v. 6] – affords us a striking proof of God’s love for Israel, God is married to Israel…though God used
      Babylon to punish His people, He nevertheless did not want her to be treated inhumanely [Hosea 1-14]
[vv. 7-11] – Babylon is here changed as well as in [Rev. 18:7] with frivolous pride and self-confidence…sin
      has many forms but self-glorification in scripture is the most heinous before God of all the sins…pride  
      storms heaven, just as Lucifer did when he tried to pry God from His throne…pride is the satanic whisper
      you will be as God…its what he told to Eve…the key to man’ downfall has always be his own self-
      glorification…
·         the only remedy for pride is regeneration…it is the only thing that will break the pride of the heart…
[v. 9] – the Greek word for sorceries is Pharmakeia, its from a root word in the Greek Pharmakon, and it
      literally means a drug or a spell inducing potion…the word can also mean a druggist or a poisoner that
     dispenses these drugs that produce these hallucinations…this is tied in with end time prophecy  
     [Revelation 18:23; 9:21] – the latter day Babylon will be guilty for the same thing that ancient Babylon
     was guilty of…
·         ancient Babylon was known for its black arts, sorceries, magic, and always tied to that is drugs
[vv. 7-11] – interesting isn’t it, that Babylon was lifted up with pride through her sorceries; trace the sorceries back and you find stupor inducing drugs that cause a false sense of security – this is tied to the anti-Christ and the Tribulation…
·         interesting thoughts on the church – listen to Tape…
·         Babylon is spoken of as a widow…a widow has lost her support, and in scripture it is the standard picture or defenselessness, poverty, loneliness, and for that reason the Lord who is especially concerned about the weak considers it a sin to oppress widows…
·         A country is called a widow when it loses its kings and its called childless when it loses its inhabitants…
[vv. 12-15] – no nation was more superstitious than ancient Babylon, according to the prophet Daniel; the country was filled with all kinds of enchanters and diviners and interpreters of dreams…
·         Is. summons this hoard of worldly wise men to appear with their arts of divination and magic; Is. challenges them to convoke all the wise men and do everything possible through all their sorceries, drugs, and magic, anything they might have to try to save Babylon…
·         Is. mocks worldly wisdom here…worldly wisdom is nothing but the devil’s advocate that deceives people and sends them to the depths of hell…
·         The world’s wisdom is compared to chaff and stubble which provide no heat…
[v. 15] – they wander about helplessly [Rev. 18:11-14, 16-18] – ancient Babylon and future Babylon will both be destroyed… 
 
Chapter 48 – It Is A Great Sin to Despise Prophecy
[vv. 1-8] – a series of sins is the reason why Judah was carried away to Babylon and of those sins; the rejection of the prophetic word was the most serious and common…
·         Because they rejected prophecy, this is why God allowed them to be carried away to Babylon for 70 yrs…
·         Israel is called by 3 names here, which are intended to remind her of her humble and very blessed origin…
1.      Israel which means warrior or conqueror of God [Gen. 32:22-32]
2.      out of the waters of Judah – Judah was the progenitor of the kingdom [Nu. 24:6-7; Dt. 33:28; Ps. 68:26]
      - they are called religious but not in truth and righteousness – you see, religiosity will not save        you and religiosity does not in any way bring God’s blessings – what does God want? A         broken and contrite heart [Ps. 51]
3.   The Holy City – when in danger the people of Israel soothed their fears by saying, Our God       (because we are of the Holy City) will surely take care of us because we’re a holy people…
      - where you live or what church you go to does not make you holy…
      - to be holy we must be separated from the world…
·         the reason God frequently refers to deliverance from exile; its because Israel is obstinate, stiff-necked, a forehead of brass, so God says that He is going to let them know when they do get delivered from bondage it will be because of Him and not idols…
[vv. 9-11] – Israel’s deliverance comes only from God…
·         these words are rich in instruction concerning the doctrine of free grace…
·         the expression my name, my praise, even for mine own sake, my glory, strongly express that God did not deliver Israel for something that was found in Israel, but only for the glory of His Great Name…
·         Grace [Eph. 2:8-9] – grace, saving grace is all of Him, and none of us…
·         If God were to deal with Israel according to what she deserved, justice (thank God, for grace) then He truly would not refrain Himself from destroying Israel with one blow anymore than He could contain you and I – just cutting grace off – if we were judged by justice, what we deserve, we would never see the gates of heaven…
·         For this reason of grace, Satan does not cease to point at the filthy clothing of Israel, but He who chooses Jerusalem, rebukes Satan, not His people…
·         And God will not be wroth with them [Is. 64:9]
[v. 20] – He refines His people as the silversmith does the silver – all the trials He sends on His people are meant as purifications…in other word’s when God sends trials there are purifications there; the great patriarch Job said when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold…
·         The words “not with silver” means that when God tried Israel, He found no silver, only dross (waste) – Israel’s trials never resulted in lasting improvements only temporary respites [Judges]
·         Israel never grew from her trials; we see this in the church people who go through trial and have a temporary respite but don’t really learn and are soon back to their old ways…like Israel they are not growing spiritually…
·         If God were to destroy Israel – hell, Satan, and all nations would scream with joy that God could not save people He name with His own Name…to give honor to others is something God won’t do…
[vv. 12-16] – Israel’s journey, stay, and departure from Babylon…Is. makes a solemn prediction of Is. deliverance from Babylon with yet another appeal to the Lord’s prophetic ability – we’ve come across [vv. 12-13] more than once throughout this book – the idea points to God’s incomparable greatness
[vv. 17-19] – Israel’s only joy is to be found in obedience to God’s Word…
·         In Isaiah’s day there were more than enough teachers but most of them taught things that did not profit them…this parallels well with false teachers today…we are to profit from what we read, hear about the Word of God…
·         The Redeemer (Christ) teaches us what is profitable – we need to heed, hearken, and focus upon the Truth of God’s Word…
·         Scripture teaches us through Israel the fearful results of disobedience, if only Israel had listened to His commandments, she would have had peace as a river (a deep wide, constant peace) – they would have had a righteousness as deep as the sea…
·         Righteousness and peace are the characteristics of the Messianic Kingdom, they will be commonplace during the Millennial Reign of Christ [Is. 11:1-6; 32:1,17; Ps. 72; 85:10]
·         Faith and obedience lead to blessing, which Israel would have enjoyed had she listened to God [Dt. 32:19-31; Ps. 81:13-16; Lk. 13:34-35]
·         What is going on in Israel right now would never have happened if she had accepted the Messiah…
[vv. 20-22] – prophecy of deliverance from Babylon…
·         Here as elsewhere the command is at the same time a certain prediction, Israel did not become a totally free nation [Neh. 9:36, 37] – this prophecy has not been totally fulfilled because they rejected the Messiah…
·         The concept of peace...what it meant for the Jew, us, and what it will finally mean for the Jew during the Millennial Reign of Christ…
·         The true concept of Shalom (peace)
·         The OT meaning of Shalom was completeness, soundness, and well-being of the total person – (body, soul, spirit) –
·         It was considered something given by God and obtained by following the Law [Ps. 119:65]
·         It also had with it a physical meaning suggesting personal security [Ps. 4:8] – it also dealt with contentment [Is. 26:3,4]
·         It also speaks of prosperity [Ps. 112:6-7] – absence of war – this was all included in the word shalom…
·         Now when we go to the NT, peace refers to the inner tranquility of the Christian who’s trust is in God through Jesus Christ, this understanding was originally expressed (which is why the Jew should of understood Christ was the Messiah) in [Is. 9:6,7] – only through Christ will lasting peace come…
·         The peace Christ spoke of is one of Hope, Trust, and quiet in the mind and soul, and this is brought about by the ministry of reconciliation with God…
·         We can only be reconciled to God through the mediator, Jesus Christ…this was proclaimed in [Lk. 2:14] the angels proclaimed it…
·         Christ proclaimed it [Matt. 5:9] during His ministry He taught about this peace [John 14:27, 1] He wanted His disciples to know this even in tumultuous times…
·         Paul spoke [Rom. 5:1-2] – justified by faith in Christ we have peace with God…
·         So true shalom (peace) only comes when there is true reconciliation between God and man…
·         For the Jew as a nation this will not occur until the Millennial Reign of Christ… 
 
Chapter 49 – Lecture 8
[vv. 1-7] – Christ’s humiliation and exaltation
[v. 1] – Is. is seeing the future as if it is the past, sometimes this occurs in prophecy – here he contemplates the Messiah at a time when he had already come in the flesh and experienced many proofs of the unbelief of the Jews…the reason why Christ addresses the heathen nations is found in [v.6] – it is through Christ that they shall see salvation…Christ didn’t assume His position of office; but was called by God…
[v. 2] – the word mouth stands for speech and he is saying that He will have a powerful penetrating discourse and this is compared to a sword [Heb. 4 & 12 Rev. 1:16]
·         Then he mentions the arrow as an arrow can pierce the heart of the outer man, so Christ pierces the heart of the inner man; we must either die to self and accept Christ or die facing the external righteous, judgment of God…
[v. 3] – Christ is called Israel here – (most messianic interpreters find a reference here to Gen. 32:280 according to which the name Israel means one who contends with God) because in a sense He contended with God and prevailed [Is. 52 & 53], we will see that it pleased the Father to bruise Him for the atonement of mankind’s sins…He is the Father of the spiritual people of God as Jacob (Israel) was the father of the Jewish nation…
[v. 4] – the Messiah now prepares the way to make known His destination, to the light and salvation of the heathen to whom this whole discourse is spoken
·         He laments over the little fruit which He saw in the commencement of His effort amongst the Jews, but He consoles Himself in the righteousness of God and His plan…
[v. 5] – the declaration of God points to the Messiah to be the Savior of the Gentiles in this verse 2 reason are given why this was to be the destination of the Messiah…
1.      the Jews refused to be converted
2.      the Servant of God stands so high in His favor that God cannot withhold from Him the full reward which His work deserves
      the salvation of all mankind…
[v. 6] – see [Lk. 2:25-32] – a light to lighten the Gentiles and the glory of thy people Israel
[v. 7] – the Messiah voluntarily subjects Himself to all human power, although by nature as a servant of God, He is exalted above all powers of the world and after this glorified and acknowledged as such He nevertheless submits Himself to the torments of the human world to die for the sins of mankind…
[vv. 8-13] – the Day of Israel’s restoration…[Jgs. 1:2] – Judah never completely possessed the Promised Land but this will become a reality during the Millennial Reign of Christ, when the Lion of the tribe of Judah is head over all Israel…
·         these verses contain a beautiful picture of the restoration of the Jews
[v. 9] – Israel is presented as prisoners and they will come to see the Shepherd and feed from Him…He will gather His sheep from all the corners of the earth…
[vv. 14-17] – Zion’s Lamentation – in sharp contrast to the jubilation of creation just spoken about, Zion will still be crying, they must still be viewed as being in exile because Zion is the stereotype for Israel, when the glad tidings of deliverance is preached to an imprisoned people, they don’t believe the message while they are still in prison, but they lament pitifully that God has forgotten them…but God says that He cares for her, she is engraven on the palms of His hands the nations of Israel…
[vv. 18-23] – the future joy of Israel…for more on this listen to tape 4/2
[vv. 24-26] – by comparing [v. 24] co/ [Matt 12:29; Lk. 11:21-22, Heb. 2:14] its clear that this section speaks of the victory over the terrible enemy of Israel – Satan 
 
Chapter 50
[vv. 1-3] – Israel’s Punishment For Sin –
·         Christ is still the speaker in these verses and here He justifies His rejection of Israel…
·         To understand these words correctly, we must keep in mind that under the Mosaic Law a Jew was permitted to give his wife a letter of divorcement and send her away or sell her as a slave to creditors [Dt. 4:1-3]
·         God in His covenant of grace who is married to Israel demands that the letter of divorcement be shown to Him as proof out of? facileness? He cast Israel away as His lawful wife…
·         He has not sent Israel away without just cause, Israel’s conduct demanded it…there was something very shameful, lewd, immoral about Israel; she had committed adultery, spiritual adultery…she had set herself up for divorce because she had rejected the Messiah, she had committed spiritual adultery…
·         Here, the Lord compares Himself to the father of a household who is treated shamefully by His own wife and children…no one respected him…
·         Because Israel had gone after other gods; neglected God, Almighty God divorced her…He put His wife and children as it were in the street…
·         Because of that the centuries long wandering of the Jews has resulted…
·         The Jew, however, could not understand that God however would not immediately being them back, they felt that this was a slight chastening…that God was withholding His love from them for just a short period of time…but actually they were in true rebellion and God was punishing them for a length of time
[v. 2] – my hand is not shortened that I cannot save? Its not that God didn’t have the power to save or that His hand was shortened, and the hand of the Lord represents His power…He could do that anytime He wanted, however, He says I’m doing this to punish you
·         The Word of God says He chastises those whom He loves [Heb. 12:4-8]
·         God will save all who come to Him by Christ [Heb. 7:25] – but Israel was rejecting her Messiah…during the time we are in; the time of the Gentiles, Israel is in a divorced state with God…but through the Tribulation, God will call her back ad she will be restored to Him during the Millennial Reign…
[v. 4] – the weary are those who are oppressed because of suffering, sin, burdens of life, not only the Jews; but everyone we’re all beaten down…its only by Amazing Grace that we’re saved…[Matt. 11:28-30]
·         If the Jews had only understood this, if they would have come to Jesus Christ, the Way, the Truth, and the Life [Jn. 14:6] – but they were weighed down by so many things, primarily the weight of the Law, by those 613 commandments, if only they had saw this and laid there burdens down on the back of Jesus they would have been set free…all the ministry Christ had was a ministry of love…
[v. 5] – the phrase to open mine ear means to impart instruction…but more importantly it means the giving of a commission…this is not God the Father saying listen, Jesus, get this message, real good, get it down in your heart because I’m getting ready to send you into the womb of Mary…it means more than that it means the giving of a commission [I Sam. 9:15] the commission Christ had was to seek and save that which was lost…
[v. 6] – the Messiah would experience and patiently endure not only the most painful and abusive treatment, but also the most shameful treatment…note, this verse, speaks I have my back to the smiters…this is speaking about the lashes Christ received…let’s throw this out – according to Jewish Law someone to be punished by the Jews could receive 40 lashes save 1 = 39 many scholars consider that Christ received 39 lashes – keep in mind that Christ received His lashes from Roman soldiers that didn’t practice Jewish customs. Therefore the instructor believes Christ received many more than 39 lashes…
·         To pluck out the hair of the beard was one of the greatest indignities of the middle east [2 Sam. 10:4-5] – among the Romans (because most of this was done by the Romans) young boys would sneak up on teachers and philosophers when they were teaching with a pair of tweezers and pluck out a piece of their beard, sort of like mischievous boys…but there was more to it than just mischief because to have it done in public was a great injustice…it was dehumanizing and a great mockery for those philosophers to have that done; they would just as soon have them stab them in the back it would be more honorable to die that way as a Roman than it would be to have your beard plucked out…
·         So what Christ is saying here [v. 6] is that He went through a great amount of dehumanization…Dr. Scofield says, that when all this was done to Christ, He didn’t look like a human being anymore…so all this is wrapped up in the passion of Jesus Christ…
·         He also says, I hid not my face from shame and spitting [Lk. 18:31-33; Mark 14:65; 15:19] so this verse is a very profound verse of Christ prophesying what would happen to Him when He same to the earth…why He is saying this?
·         He just got through telling the Jews in the first 3 verses, I have divorced you…why? Because they had committed spiritual adultery, the worst one can ever commit rejecting Christ as Lord and Savior…
[v. 7] – here’s the sense of what is going on in [v. 7] – I know that God will see me through all this suffering and He’ll bring me into glory and in view of the future, I will endure with fortitude all that is inflicted upon me…
·         In the Gospels, it says that Christ steadfastly set His upon Jerusalem
·         The word flint, a very hard mineral that was hard to seeth…Christ says I’ve set my face like a flint, I’m going to the cross and nothing will deter me from going to the cross…aren’t you thankful Christ went to the cross?
[v. 8] – we must conceive, this discourse, we must picture as spoken in His humiliation and His sufferings...the image as is frequently the case is taken from a judicial proceeding, God Himself will soon stand forth at the same time as His powerful patron, Judge and by deed He will declare Jesus Christ righteous and He will declare the enemies of Christ as guilty…
·         He has therefore so little reason to dread those enemies that come against Him to fear their power that He can confidently challenge them to engage with Him in conflict…
·         The same Jesus Christ who came as a little baby in a manger 2000 yrs. ago, who preached the Gospel to the poor; healed the sick; fed the 5000; this same Jesus, the Word of God declares in the Book of Revelation will come back riding a white horse Faithful and True devouring His enemies with the Sword of His mouth, the Word of God…
·         Christ is not afraid; He was not afraid when he went on the cross, He suffered and died there, but He is coming again to judge the quick and the dead
[v. 9] – He says that the enemies of Christ will all pass away as a garment that is eaten by a moth… [Rev. 21:7-8, 27] – all those who do not repent will be thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone forever and ever…
[v. 10] – the Messiah here admonishes those who fear God not to seek deliverance by their own power…[Eph. 2:8-9] – when we find ourselves in calamity we need to throw ourselves entirely into the faithful arms of Almighty God…it is so important that the Jews understand that their only hope is in the Messiah…
·         Notice He speaks in this verse about darkness and hath no light…reread verse.
·         Darkness without light denotes misery and suffering and there is no escape from this while you are in the darkness because we cannot find our way without light…[1 Pt. 2:9-10 cf. Rom 9:25-26] – when Christ came into our lives He showed us the Light –
[v. 11] – the ungodly believe they can find their own way out of darkness and for this they will lie down in sorrow [Lk. 16:20-31] 
 
Chapter 51 – Christ in His Prophetic Role Addressing Believers
[vv. 1-8] – in these 8 verses Jesus Christ is the great prophet who could and who did obey the will of the Father perfectly…but now because He has obeyed that will He in turn demands complete obedience from Israel and from everyone, both Jew and Gentile for Christ said [Jn. 14:6]
·         Christ tells Israel to consider her ancestral father and mother with the intent that they would consider the covenant of grace…
·         Both the rock and pit [v. 1] are explained in [v.2] as referring to Abraham and Sarah…God called Abraham when he had no children…but He blessed them in a way with great posterity…
·         In [v.3] this blessing is taken as a sure guarantee for richer and greater blessings for the future…paradise will return
·         The first Adam took paradise away from us by eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the center of the Garden, which God had forbidden them to partake thereof…
·         But the second Adam, Jesus will restore paradise…restoration will only come through Jesus Christ…
·         The key theme of the second part of Isaiah is comfort which means truth and all the nations will come to know the Truth when Christ rules during the millennium- all these blessings for Israel and the nations do not come until the most terrible judgments fall upon her…
[v. 5] – “Mine arms shall judge the people” – Israel will be judged, she will suffer tremendous persecution throughout the Tribulation period, especially in the last half…
[v. 6] – indicates that the entire present order and form of the world must first be done away with…
[vv. 9-16] – Isaiah’s prayer and God’s answer
[vv. 9-11] – We’ve seen that Isaiah was truly a man of prayer – the great salvation of his people which the Messiah predicted has kindled Isaiah’s emotions and has a mouthpiece of the people he passionately cries awake awake, put on strength, O, arm of God…
·         In Scripture the idea during the times of the Gentiles when Israel was Lo-ammi Jehovah is sitting or lying down forgetting Israel that was basically the way Isaiah was looking at this…
·         Explanation of Lo-ammi [Hos. 1:9-10] – the Hebrew name Lo-ammi that Hosea was to name his son meant “not my people”
·         This is very prophetic what Isaiah is saying here – there was a time when you were declared not my people (and for Jewish nation we are in the not my people time now) because we are in the times of the Gentiles Christ wept for Jerusalem because they would not receive Him – so Lo-ammi you (Jews) are not My people…
·         [Hosea 2:23] – we are in the time of the Gentiles now…but at the rapture the time of the Gentiles shall be filled up; but now we are in Lo-ammi time for the Jews (they feel rejected by God) and if you were to go to Jerusalem right now to the wailing well where the Jews gather to pray; they place their little folded up pieces of paper with their prayers asking God for mercy upon them; that is Lo-ammi – prophecy being fulfilled right before your eyes…
·         [Psalm 121] – there is the promise that even through they are in the time of Lo-ammi God will protect Israel for they are still His chosen people the arm of the Lord if the powerful revelation of His glory embodied in the 2nd Coming of the Lord…
·         hence Isaiah is praying for the 2nd Coming of the Lord when he will move His now inactive arm against the hater of Israel and come against them…
·         here Isaiah is praying in [vv. 9-11] basically the same prayer that the Apostle John prayed on the isle of Patmos in AD 99-100 – [Rev. 22:20]
·         he prays that God would manifest Himself mightily as in the days of old when He defeated Rahab )who symbolized the proud power of Egypt) [Is. 30:7]
·         he reminds the Lord of His great act of drying up the Red Sea and making a pathway for His people [Ex. 14:21] – God loves such reminders from his children…
[v. 11] – the Lord for us has come to Zion [Heb. 12:22] and we’ve received Him as our Lord and Savior…but not for the majority of the Jews – there is no everlasting joy on the heads of the people…right now they are still considered a persecuted people and they will continue to suffer persecution until the end of the Tribulation…
·         the returning exiles are presented as singing for joy upon return to Israel as this was the ancient custom when caravans of festive pilgrims went up to the house of the Lord (remember the 3 great feasts [Lev.] pilgrimage feasts) Passover-Pentecost-Tabernacle and the Israelites would travel from all over to attend these feasts…in the Psalms where we see the heading “song of degrees” means these songs were sung as they traveled up Mt. Zion at various points (degrees) to attend these feasts…glorifying the Lord…
[vv. 12-16] – these words are the answer to Is. prayer and the basic ideas behind these words is expressed in [v. 7]
·         since God does not forsake His people, Israel does not need to fear men, this is hard for us to understand this idea of reproach [Dt. 28] where God gives the blessings and cursings on Israel…
·         He preserves the nation of Israel that He may enlarge the new heavens and establish the present earth on justice and righteousness…the object of the indestructible continued existence of the Jews lies in and points forward to the new heavens and new earth that are indestructible…
·         The Jew is a type of the New Heavens and New Earth that are indestructible…after the Jew goes through the times of the Gentiles Lo-ammi He will make them Ammi which means My people
·         [Hos. 2:1, 23] – when will Israel be Ammi? Beginning with the millennial reign of Christ
[vv. 17-20] – an account of her abominations the Lord has given Jerusalem the cup of trembling…[Hosea] because God commanded him to marry a woman of whoredoms who would be unfaithful to him and he would have to go and buy her back at a slave auction…the reason God did that is to make Hosea understand that this is what Israel is doing to Me…she is committing spiritual adultery…because of her adultery she became Lo-ammi not my people and God gave her the cup of trembling
·         this cup is a symbol of great visitation of anger and wrath, while the emptying of the cup typified blindly dancing toward destruction [Jer. 8:14; 9:15; 23:15; 25:15; Ez. 23:31]
·         Jeremiah who had to preach daily used this metaphor and of course Jeremiah was preaching against backsliding…
·         Because Israel is Lo-ammi she will have to drink the dregs (God will have to bring terrific judgment upon her to turn her around) to make her Ammi…however God is trying to dull her senses because of His great love for her signified by the prophet Hosea in buying his wife back…
·         God is saying to Israel yes, I am going to punish you for your unfaithfulness, but I want to mix my judgment with mercy, so that you know I am treating you as a child [Heb. 12:4-8]
[vv. 22-23] – the roks are finally reversed for Israel’s sin and punishment are not the final word…the time till come when Israel will no longer be Lo-ammi but Ammi…she will blessed…the Lord promises to take the full cup of trembling out of her hand when the millennial reign of Christ comes and He will pour it out on the nations who have oppressed her…God will punish them who have punished Israel… 
 
Chapter 52
[vv. 1-3] – Israel’s redemption without money…
·         Isaiah cries out to her to arrive and put on in the midst of her filth and disgrace beautiful festive garments ready for a celebration because the time has come for her to receive her children…from now on she will be known as a holy city, no uncircumcised or unclean heathen will invade her…
[v. 2] – shows that Israel is freed from he bondage by Christ the Messiah
[v. 3] – to understand this verse go back to [51:11] – all of Israel’s misery and anguish she has endured through all the centuries, she will be freed from those shackles…
[vv. 4-12] – God will revenge His people and stop the mouth of those who blaspheme Him in that day [v. 6] – the word therefore is used twice and this double therefore refers to the cause of the judgment upon Assyria and its results for Israel
·         The result of the judgment upon the blasphemous anti-Christian world power be two-fold for Jerusalem…
·         #1) she will know Jesus and have Him in her midst…
·         #2) she will see Jesus and hear Jesus…
[v. 7] – Paul referred to this verse in [Rom. 10:15] – this will no doubt take place during the Millennial Reign of Christ; but also now men and women are being sent as missionaries throughout the world-heralding that Christ is coming…
[v. 10] – “making bare His holy arm” – it’s a Hebrew idiom that’s derived rolling up long loose sleeves before starting work and Jesus is coming back and He’s rolling up His sleeves…He’s rebuilding preparing the earth for His millennial reign…
Suffering Servant
[v. 13] – the first thing that is said of the servant is that He will deal prudently…Christ has always dealt prudently or wisely since He is the Supreme Wisdom…He is omniscient…all knowing…He’s always dealt wisely with Satan by using only the Sword of the Spirit [Matt. 4:1-11]
·         He always put those who were trying to trap Him on the horns of a dilemma and it would trip them up…by His perfect sacrifice on Calvary, He satisfied God’s justice…
·         He conquered Satan…saved creation…saved the sinner…
·         This idea of exalted also means prosperous because Christ dealt prudently in all things and all ways He would prosper…this prosperity is expressed by 3 words referring to His exaltation
      1) raised from the grave 2) lifted up in heaven 3) placed on the right hand of God and received a name that is above all names [Mark 16:19; Eph 1:20-22; 1 Pt. 3:22]
·         His exaltation was proportional to Christ deep humility and humble nature, His humiliation was of such a nature that many were astonished with revulsion…
[v. 14] – astonished comes from a Hebrew root word that means to stun or grow numb this is not Christ who is stunned or numb, this is those who are seeing Christ go through this, they are numbed…
·         The appearance on Calvary’s cross of Christ was so shocking, so repulsive, and so ugly, that this word literally means that men were numb in their boots; mesmerized by what they saw…
·         This is Christ upon the cross, He has the sins of the whole world upon His back, and Isaiah says he was marred more than any man…
·         Listen to tape for behind scenes look at crucifixion history
·         What did Christ go through that Is. says He was marred more than these thousands and thousands who were crucified before Him?
·         The answer is found in the word marred…that word means disfigured incorruption…listen carefully
·         All the sin of the world was laid upon Jesus…it was more than the whip…more than the punches…slaps…spitting because the Apostle Paul said [2 Cor. 5:21] – sin marred Christ
·         Every sin that would ever be committed was laid upon Him, all that filth, all that corruption…He who knew no sin became sin for us…give examples – [Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34] – Jesus cries out from the cross My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken Me?
·         He was marred by that sin…He bore our sin…we should have borne that…but He bore it for us…its why He said Father, why?
·         I believe at that moment in time the Father could not look at the Son, for a brief moment in time His eyes were off His only begotten Son…
·         Now, the Bible says the eyes of the Lord are throughout the earth beholding the good and the bad…
·         We know that God is omnipresent…He is always with us…the Word of God says when 2 or 3 are present, gathered together in His Name there He is in the midst of us…
·         How would you like to go one second, one minute, one hour without God watching over you…you’re exposed…Christ was exposed, He was marred…
·         Those around the cross we’re stunned and were numbed by what they saw…what did they see? [Matt. 27:54]
·         They were shaken, numb, mesmerized because He who knew no sin born sin and was so disfigured (as Dr. Scofield said, He no longer appeared as a human being…
[v. 15] – by sprinkling the nations (Gentile nations) He will cleanse these nations from their sin…
·         Just as the High Priest was to sprinkle blood yearly toward the Ark of the Covenant in order for the cleansed leper [Lev. 14:17] – the unclean were sprinkled with consecrated water…the consequence of these sprinklings was the restoration to external theocratical purity – in others words, outwardly being clean towards God, but it didn’t change the heart…see [Ezek. 36:25] [Ps. 51:10] – David asks for inner purity…Christ makes us new [2 Cor. 5:17] this is what He did for us.
·         Now this idea of cleansing is followed by the authors of the NT when with reference to this passage they speak of the sprinkling blood…[1 Pt. 1:2; Heb. 12:24] without the shedding of blood there is not remissions of sin 
 
Addendum Lectures
 
Hypovolemic shock – this is shock that is induced by low blood pressure which in Christ’s case was caused by loss of blood; which is the reason He couldn’t carry the cross all the way to Golgotha…
·         at the site of the crucifixion His wrists were nailed to the petidulum and after the petidulum was lifted into the upright posts (the stipes) His feet with nails to the stipes…
·         the major pathophysiological effect of crucifixion was interference with normal respiration; accordingly death resulted from two cause’s hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia…
·         Christ death was insured by the thrust of the soldier’s spear into His side…
·         Christ was born in 4 or 6 BC and died in AD 30, during the Passover observance in AD 30 the Passover Supper would have been observed on a Thursday, April 6, - and if we were looking at the Jewish calendar that would be the 13th day of Nisan or Passover – Jesus would have crucified on Friday April 7, Nisan the 14th that’s the Passover at Gethsemane…
·         Jesus knowing that the time of His death was near suffered intense mental anguish as described by [Lk. 22:44] His sweat became as drops of blood; Christ experienced a very rare human phenomenon known as Hematidrosis or Hemohydrosis and it occurs in people in highly emotional states or in persons with bleeding disorders…
·         Now we know Jesus didn’t have any sickness in His body – so the only logical explanation is that in His intense agony this emotional disorder came upon Him and He was sweating drops of blood…as a result of hemorrhage in the sweat glands the skin becomes fragile and tender and Luke’s description supports the diagnosis of Hematidrosis…
·         See [Matt. 22:65, 66] – the guards then spat on Jesus and struck Him in the face [Matt. 22:67, 68]
·         Soon after daybreak presumably at the Temple Jesus was tried before the Sanhedrin, again He’s found guilty of blasphemy punishable by death,
·         Since permission for an execution had to come from the Romans; it could not come from the Jews because Palestine was under control of Rome, Jesus was taken early in the morning by the Temple officials to the Praetorium of the fortress of Antonio, the residents and governmental seat of Pontius Pilate, the Procurator or governor of Judea
·         However, Jesus was presented to Pilate not as a blasphemer, but rather as a self-appointed king who would undermine the Roman authority, the reason for that is because Pilate was not concerned with the religious affairs of the Jews, that was not his job;
·         His job was as the leader of the political realm of Palestine, therefore they trumped up charge to get the ears of Pilate, thereby getting the death of Christ…
·         Pilate made no charges against Jesus and sent Him to Herod Antipas, who was the Tetrarch of Judea, see nobody really wanted to deal with Jesus (remember Pilate’s wife had a dream and in the dream she was warned and she warned Pilate have nothing to do with this man)
·         Herod likewise made no charges and returned Jesus to Pilate, and again he could find no basis for a charge against Jesus, but the people persistently demanded crucifixion, Pilate finally granted their demand and handed over Jesus to be scourged and crucified…[Jn. 19:1]
·         Now the rigors of Jesus ministry (traveling by foot throughout Palestine, would have precluded that Jesus was a physically weak individual; He was rugged and strong
·         Accordingly it is reasonable to assume that Jesus was in good physical condition before He went to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray with His disciples…
·         However during the 12 hrs. between 9PM Thursday (13th Nisan) and 9AM Friday (14th Nisan), He suffered great emotional stress as evidenced by that sweating of blood – Hematidrosis…
·         He was abandoned by His closest friends and He took a physical beating after the first Jewish trial, also in the setting of traumatic and sleepless night He had been forced to walk between 21/2 – 3 miles to and from the sites of the various trials…this physical and emotional factors combined rendered Jesus particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of hemodynamic scourging…
·         Flogging was a preliminary to every single Roman execution…if you were found guilty of a crime where you would be punished by death…
·         You were going to get a beating with a Roman whip before you died; only women and Roman soldiers were not exempt from being scourged…
·         The usual instrument used was a short whip (flagrum or flagellum); this whip consisted of several single or braided thongs of variable lengths in which small lead balls of sharp pieces of sheep bone were tied at intervals…
·         (this flagrum would have these balls tied at 2” intervals or they would have a sheep bone 4” long sharpened on both ends so that it cut twice as the victim was struck.)
·         occasionally for this scourging staves or clubs were used…
·         for this scourging the victim was stripped naked of every shred of clothing for 2 reasons
·         #1 – to make sure that the Roman soldier who beat him could tear into him without any obstruction of clothing
·         #2 – for the sheer humiliation because he was whipped in front of a crowd.
·         Then his hands were tied to a upright post in 2 ways
·         One, the post was taller than the man so his arms were outstretched and rope or leather was used to tie him and he would sort of hang down with his knees touching the post and toes touching the ground…
·         Second one, the post was only 3ft. tall tie him to that, bend him over to get the skin taut, and then beat him…
·         The back, buttocks, legs were flogged in own of 2 ways
·         a) either one soldier did it, (he was known as a lictor or by the Latin name exactor mortis) either one of these would stand on the left side and put 25 lashes on the left, then walk over to the right side and equal number on the other side…
·         b) or two lectors (and this was probably the way Christ was beaten) one would take a whip stop – the other would take a whip stop until they accomplished what their task was
·         the severity of the scourging depended on the disposition of the lectors…this ought to tell you something – we know by the way they treated Jesus – it was intended to weaken the victim to a state just short of collapse or death…two things they never want to do…
The medical aspects of this scourging entailed…
·          as they repeatedly struck the victim’s back – the iron balls would cause deep contusions and the sheep bones would cause deep lacerations and as the flogging continued the lacerations would tear into the underlying skeletal muscles, so now we’ve gone beyond the 7 layers of flesh and produce quivering ribbons of bleeding flesh
·         pain and blood loss generally set the stage of circulatory shock, the extent of blood loss right there would determine how long the victim could survive on the cross
·         it could be anywhere from a few hours to, and this sounds absolutely appalling and shocking 9 days on the cross…
·         the severity of Christ scourging is not discussed in the gospels, however it is implied in [1 Pt. 2:24]
·         every time you sin think about how that cost Jesus for that sin…
·         a detailed word study of the Greek text of the scourging of Jesus indicates that it was unusually harsh…it is not known whether the number of lashes was limited to 39 in accordance with Jewish Law…
The instructor believes Christ scourging wasn’t limited to 39…
1.      Jewish Law and not Roman Law limited the number of lashes, so Jesus did not die under the Law of Judaism but under the Law of Rome…
·         if He would have died under the Law of Judaism, He would have died for the charge of blasphemy…but He did not, the Jews didn’t have the authority to put Him to death so they changed the charge
·         under Roman Law, the Roman lectors prided themselves on being able to beat a victim just short of death (you see, if the victim died, they would strip the lectors clothes off, move the man out of the way, and beat the lictor – that’s incentive) the lictor was substituted for the victim
2.      the shroud of Turin – strong archeological evidence suggests it was the shroud of Jesus…this isn’t a Catholic ideology – for the Roman Catholic’s official position on the shroud of Turin is a wait and see attitude, they do not accept it as a quote relic of the church…
·         this shroud shows evidence between 60 and 120 lashes on the back of Jesus Christ...
·         describe how the Roman soldiers mocked Him – of all the thousands of victims crucified down through the ages – the only archeological evidence ever found states emphatically that Jesus Christ is the only crucified victim to have a crown of thorns placed upon His head…
·         Ironside commentary on Matt. – [Gen. 3:17-18] – suggests that just as the ground was cursed, Christ bore the curse of man…the curse of sin…[2 Cor. 5:21] – see mocking [Mark 15:17-19; Matt. 27:28-31]
·         The severe scourging with its intense pain and appreciable blood loss most probably left Jesus in a pre-shocked state…
·         Moreover, the Hematidrosis had rendered His skin particularly tender; physical and mental abuse meted out by the Jews, the Romans, as well as the lack of food, water, sleep…sheer exhaustion contributed to His generally weaken state…
·         Therefore, even before the actual crucifixion Jesus’ physical condition was serious, and according to medical authorities possibly critical…the amount of suffering Jesus endured is unimaginable…He was marred beyond human comprehension…
Crucifixion probably began first among the Persians; we know that Alexander the Great introduced the practices to Egypt and Carthage and the Romans probably learned it from the Carthaginians…they didn’t invent crucifixion, the Romans perfected it…it was their key form of torture and capital punishment designed to bring slow death with maximum pain and suffering…
·         it was the most disgraceful and cruelest form of execution reserved for slaves, foreigners, revolutionary and the vilest and criminate – Roman Law protected Roman citizens from crucifixion however along with scourging possibly a deserter could be crucified…
·         in its earliest form in Persia the victim was placed on an upright post with the post going through the body, usually to keep the feet from touching the ground and they would call this holy ground
·         the vertical post is called a stipes – the horizontal cross bar where the arms and hand were nailed was known as the petivulum… 
·         it was customary for the condemned man to carry the cross from the flogging post to the site of the crucifixion, which was outside of the city walls…
·         the condemned was usually naked as they carried the cross, owing to the fact that the Romans made such a mockery of Him…
·         the weight of the entire cross weighed about 300 lbs., if you combined the pativulum with the stipes; it is possible that Christ did carry the complete cross until Simon of Cyrene took over…however according to archeological evidence it is more likely that He carried the pativulum which weighed between 75-125 lbs.
·         this was placed across the nape of the victims back and balanced on his shoulders and usually his arms were tied to the pativulum…the processional was led by the soldiers who head was a centurion…one of the soldiers had the job of carrying a sign, known as the titulus contained the condemned man’s name and the crime of which he was being crucified for…
·         to prolong crucifixion a wooden seat known as a sedile, or sedlum where the condemned man could put his buttocks and if he rested on that it would prolong his crucifixion…
·         at the site of the execution according to Roman Law the victim was given a bitter drink of vinegar mixed with myrrh/gall and this served as a mild pain reliever [Matt. 27:34]
·         after taking this drink or in the case of Christ who refused it the condemned man was thrown to the ground on his back and his outstretched arms along the pativulum the hands could then be nailed to the cross bar, (while there is evidence that some victims were tied to the cross bar) but we know for certain that Christ was nailed to the cross bar…because the Romans preferred this method because it prolonged the agony and the pain…
·         then the victim was lifted onto the stipes – then the feet were fixed to the cross and these were usually nailed to the front of the cross, not the sides, to accomplish this flexion of the knees may have been quite prominent and the bent legs may have been rotated laterally – every bit of this was torment and torture…
·         then the titulus would be placed on the cross
·         after all this had been accomplished the soldiers and the crowd would then taunt and jeer the condemned man, while this was going on soldiers would divide the clothes amongst themselves…
·         the length of survival on the cross ranged from 3-4 hrs. to as long as 9 days. And it appears to be related to the severity of the scourging…very little blood was lost from the nails being driven into the hands and feet, it was primarily lost through the scourging…
·         if the scourging had been relatively mild and the soldiers were getting tired of standing out in the hot sun, they would break the legs of the condemned man (crurifragium) to hasten death – they did this to the man and Christ’s right and left…
·         it was customary to leave the man on the cross to be devoured by predatory animals, however by Roman Law the family of the condemned could take the body for burial after obtaining permission from a Roman judge…[Mt. 27:57-58]
·         since no one was permitted to survive crucifixion the victim would not be released to the family until the soldiers were sure the victim was dead, by custom one of the guards would pierce the body with a lance…
·         The scourging prior to crucifixion served to weaken the condemned man and if blood loss were considerable it would produce orthostatic hypotension is extremely low blood pressure which would place the victim in hypovolemic shock, when the victim was thrown to the ground to be fixed upon the cross his scourging wounds would most likely be torn open again and be contaminated with dirt again causing intense agony…
·         Furthermore, with each respiration the painful scourging wounds would press against the stipes, as a result blood loss from the back would continue throughout the crucifixion ordeal
·         With arms outstretched but not taut, when the wrists were nailed to the petivulum it has been shown that ligaments and bones of the wrist can support the weight of the entire body hanging from them…
·         The nails driven into the wrist would crush the sensory motor median nerve which would produce fiery bolts of pain up the arms…
·         The two most prominent causes of death by crucifixion were hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia…
 
Crucifixion of Christ Himself
·         After the scourging and mocking at about 9AM, the Roman soldiers put Jesus’ clothes back on Him, then led Him and 2 thieves to be crucified…Christ was so weakened by the flogging that He could not carry the cross (from the Praetorian to the site of the crucifixion) about 1/3 of a mile out of the city…
·         Simon of Cyrene was summoned to carry Christ cross to Golgotha…here Christ clothes except for a loin cloth were removed, reopening the scourging wounds…the soldiers then cast lots for His clothing…
·         Christ spoke 7 times from the cross…about 3PM Christ breathed His last…the Roman soldiers noted His death right away…
·         Since the Jews did not want the bodies to remain on the crosses after sunset they asked Pilate for crurifragium to hasten the death of the 3 crucified men…
·         But when they came to Jesus noting that He was already dead, they did not break His legs, rather one of the soldiers pierced His side producing a sudden flow of blood and water…later that day Christ was placed in a tomb without a single bone in His body broken…
·         Why were no bones in His body broken? [Jn. 19:32-36; Ex. 12:46; Num. 9:12; Ps. 34:20]
·         Christ was the perfect Passover and therefore not a single bone in His body would be broken…He perfectly fulfilled the Scriptures…
 
Chapter 53
[v.1] – see [v. 6] – this is the confession of Israel, when we compare ref. [64:6] we discover that it may be considered a rule that whenever we see the pronoun “we” appearing suddenly it always refers to all Israel…as we look @ [vv. 2-4] – Isaiah speaking as the mouthpiece of the people, all Israel when she returns to God will utter these words…
·         This question also applies to the apostles [John 12:37-38; Rom. 10:14-16], Israel refused the saving arm of the Lord, but the word was out there, and literature we preach to an untoward generation that is set on doing its own thing and we also ask the question “who has believed our report”
[v.2] – “and as a root out of a dry ground” means that Christ came from the poorest of circumstances; He came from a people who were lowly and had to eke out a living…
·         Christ was very lowly in appearance and the Jewish leaders were looking for a Saul type of king – Israel did not look at the heart of Jesus, they wanted a conquering type of Saul king…Christ also fulfilled the covenant because God had told Abraham walk before Me and Christ did and Israel never has…Christ is the true Israel in every personification and form
·         Isaiah uses 3 words to describe the outward appearance of the Messiah…
1.      He had no form – that means no physical or beautiful appearance
2.      No comeliness – this means a beautiful specimen, an ornament or jewel   No adornment – nothing that would fit an earthly king
3.      No beauty – depicts to the casual observer there was nothing attractive or desirable about Jesus…
[v. 3] – despised mean that most of Israel considered Him worthless and only worthy to be mocked (and they did this at the cross)
·         Rejected of men – counted as worthless…
·         Man of sorrows – that means that sorrows were the characteristic aspect of the entire life of Jesus – it is a reference to belief in Israel that a sorrows was being punished by Higher Powers, they believed that Christ deserved to be scourged and crucified…
·         Acquainted with grief – He was acquainted with suffering as no other man and people were ashamed of Jesus
·         We esteemed Him not – Israel found Christ wanting…
[v. 4] – Christ chief calling was not to heal the sick but to remove the spiritual evils of men and through His vicarious suffering set men free and make men right so that they might have a righteous standing before God…
·         The last half of [v. 4] Israel esteems Him this is looking ahead to the millennial period…
[v. 5] – prophecy – the Word of God says that Christ came first to the lost house of Israel, the word transgressions refers to national rebellion, of Israel…sin of national apostasy [Hosea 1-14]
[v. 6] – is the confession of a redeemed people, the cause is given that caused Jesus Christ to endure such sufferings… [the wretchedness of man]
·         The image of a sheep without a shepherd means two things?
1.      moral debasement
2.      the wretchedness of men estranged from God…[see Ps. 119:176]
 
Chapter 53:7
- Isaiah in this verse indicates the attitude that Christ had during His suffering and that was an attitude of quiet obedience to the Father [Mark 14:36] and humble submission and freely giving Himself for sacrifice…
·         He was summoned before the judgment seat of God because all the sins of the world were pressed down upon Him…
·         The wrath of God pressed down on Him; the anger of Satan pressed down on Him; the insecure and sinful men tormented Him…
·         Willingly and submissively He gave Himself as a sacrifice…
·         He opened not His mouth – tremendous submission, for there is no greater tragedy than when an innocent man suffers…
·         Christ is compared to a sheep before His shearers – just as a sheep must stand and can do nothing about it, so did Christ…
·         But not because He had to…but because He wanted to, to redeem fallen man…
[v. 8] – God’s point of view is that the suffering of Christ was an act of love…He suddenly snatches His hands away from the hands of the tormentors, who had terrified, oppressed, tormented Him in the place of judge…
·         Hence, we have the unspecified subject to be snatched away to be God the Father, it was He who at the right time while Jesus was on the cross placed the limitations of the sufferings of His only begotten Son by receiving His Spirit…remember [Lk. 23:46]
·         We’re reminded here of the extraordinarily rapid death of Christ, even Pilate was surprised, when Joseph of Arimethea told him, Pilate did not want to take only Joseph’s word, until the Roman Centurion had confirmed it.
·         For this reason we take the proposition “out” as a reference to locality as this is the most obvious literal meaning, once again from a human point of view Christ in His deep humiliation was murdered at the place of judgment [Acts 8:33] “who shall declare His greatness?” this refers to the far reaching results of the death of Christ immediately after it had been mentioned…
·         That same word generation is used of Christ rule and kingdom [Dan. 4:3-4]
·         Christ was murdered, but not annihilated, and His influence has not been done away with…you see, He wasn’t done away with on the cross, He only died for sinners and rose again…and He has transformed more lives than any philosophy, religion, or government…the answer is no one can declare His generation…
·         “He was cut off from the land of the living” is an expression for murder, and we find this exact phrase “being cut off” in [Dan. 9:26]
·         “for the transgression of my people was he stricken” – gives the cause why Christ met with such an unnatural and horrible death…the word transgression translated here indicates this sin to be rebellion against national lawful authority, the rebellion of Israel was laid upon Christ like a plague…
[v. 9] – he made His grave with the wicked – in the days of Jesus there was a place located southwest of Jerusalem known as the valley of Ainom, it was the garbage dump of the city of Jerusalem, all the trash of the city was dumped here, including the carcasses of dead animals and often the bodies of criminals after they were executed by crucifixion…they were dumped here because it was a dishonorable was of showing no respect for them…
·         the instructor personally believes this is where the Jewish religious leaders wanted to throw Christ body after He died…he made his grave with the wicked that is where His grave was going to be…
·         however, Joseph of Arimathea begged the body of Jesus soon after He died [Mt. 27:58; Mk. 15:43; Jn. 19:38] see also [Lk. 23:50-53]
·         Joseph took down Christ body from the cross in order to assure that Christ received an honorable burial…
·         And with the rich in His death [Mt. 27:57-60]
[v. 10] – the primary focal point of [v.10] is a doctrine known as the satisfaction of the Father…it works this way: Christ died to satisfy a principle within the very nature of the Father
·         the atonement did not involve any sort of payment to Satan (there is a theory that Christ death on the cross was to pay Satan for our souls) this theory that Satan was holding us for payment like a kidnapper is known as the ransom theory and it is a false theory)
·         the proper theory is that Christ died to satisfy a principle in God the Father, we sinners must restore to God what we have taken from Him, now what have we taken from Him?
·         [Rom: 3:23; 5:8; Is. 64:6] – we’ve neglected His love; we’ve sinned against Him…you know what we’ve taken from God…but it is not sufficient to restore to God what we’ve taken from Him…for in taking from God what is His, we have injured God…
·         and even though we have taken and given back to God what is His, there must be, what is known as additional compensation or reparation for the injury done to Him…
·         God’s violated honor can be put right 2 ways;
      1) He can either put His honor right by punishing us humans, that is condemning us or;
      2) by accepting satisfaction made in our behalf by Christ…
·         How was this satisfaction accomplished?
·         We could now possibly rendered satisfaction in our own behalf, that’s out of the question for even if       we were to do our very best, that would be doing nothing more than giving God what is His due. To       be effective the satisfaction to the Father had to be greater than what all created human beings put       together are capable of doing, since they can only do what is already required of them…
·         So only God could make satisfaction, however if it was to avail for us humans in relationship to God, it had to be made by a human being, not by God, so we’ve got a problem…therefore the satisfaction had to be rendered by someone who was both God and human…
·         Consequently, the Incarnation or hypo-static union is absolute logical necessity…the only way salvation could be acquired and the Father could be satisfied is if His only begotten Son was veiled in human flesh and was fully man and fully God died for the sins of humanity…
·         Christ then being both God and perfect, sinless human did not deserve death, therefore His offering His life to God on behalf of the human race went above and beyond what was required of Him because He was sinless…thus His death, serves as genuine satisfaction to God the Father for the payment of sins…
·         Was the payment enough?
·         Thank God for the God-man, it is more than enough for God’s Word says [1 Tim. 2:5]
·         The death of the God-man, Jesus Christ, and inasmuch as He being God and had power over His own life [Jn. 10:18] and did not have to die, had infinite value…
·         For His body to suffer even the slightest harm would have been a matter of infinite value…read v.10 again – so that is the satisfaction of the Father
[v.11] – He shall see the travail of His soul – this tells us that with Christ suffering and death, His days as a servant have erred and that through the travail of His soul many servants have come into being…
·         The word travail means severe work; it is abnormal working activity under abnormal working conditions…
·         For more on this listen to tape
·         Justification is an act of God where He declares righteous Him who believes in Jesus Christ…
·         The root idea in justification is the declaration of God, the righteous Judge that the men who believes in Christ, sinful though he may be is made righteous and is viewed as being righteous…
·         Justification has 3 parts
1.      is the remission of the penalty – [Gen. 2:17; Rom. 5:12-14; 6:23]
2.      is the restoration to favor – [Jn. 3:36; Rom. 1:18; 5:19; Gal. 2:16 and following]
3.      is the imputation of righteousness [2 Cor. 5:21]
[v.12] – Christ labor was heavy and His reward will be proportionally great; He is presented as a mighty conqueror who has defeated all His enemies and now divides the spoils among His soldiers.
·         The Father will give Him triumph, honor, riches…He shall divide the spoil with the strong…
·         Who are the strong? All the powers that oppose Him [Eph. 1:21, 22; 4:8; 6:10-17; Rev. 1:8]
·         They will all be punished through Christ…
·         Poured out His soul – 1st reason why He receives honor
·         Numbered with the transgressions – 2nd reason
·         He bore the sin of many – 3rd reason
·         Made intercessions for the transgressors – 4th reason
 
Is. 52:13 – 53:12 – here we have the Suffering Servant… 
 
God Promises of the Future Restoration of Israel 54:1 – 55:13
 
Chapter 54
·         Primary focus of this chapter as well as the entire 2nd part of Isaiah is the reacceptance of Israel of God…
[v.1] – God forsook Israel because she was unfaithful…this verse is a historical illusion to Sarah and Hannah, a barren woman in the near east felt that her happiness was destroyed and therefore she felt alone and miserable, often being left alone and despised; she considered numerous offspring to be her glory, but one day the roles will be reversed for Israel, which is yet barren, unfaithful, lonely, and cast out
·         The lonely woman is urged to rejoice greatly, as is evidenced by Isaiah’s three different expressions for her rejoicing, the basis for this joy is the great number of her posterity – the word desolate in [v.1] actually means destroyed and refers to the destruction of Jerusalem the Lord will once more accept her and then as the formerly forsaken wife she will bear more than when she had not be forsaken…
[vv. 2-3] – Israel’s ancestors lived in tents during the wanderings in the desert, in fact, one of the seven great feast of Israel is the Feast of Tabernacles which commemorates that…but long after Israel lived in tents we see the expression continued [1 Kings 12:16; Song of Solomon 1:5]
·         Disassembling a tent in the end is a standing metaphor for death [Jer. 10:20; 2 Cor. 5:1; 2 Pt. 1:13], while on the other hand enlarging a tent and driving its stakes deeply in the ground as indicated in these verses indicates constancy, prosperity, and the extension of a people…a lonely woman did not need a large tent, but it is the forsaken woman who will receive numerous offspring and therefore her tent needs to be enlarged…
[v.3] – contains the basis of the commands that are given; it lies in the enormous growth that Israel will experience in the millennial reign of Christ
·         In Israel the expression on the right hand and on the left hand meant in every direction, the seed repeatedly mentioned in connection with the patriarchs and which the servant of the Lord after His suffering shall inherit the Gentiles, that is take possession of, have dominion and rule over they will inhabit the desolate cities of Israel
[vv. 4-6] – the Lord likes to see child-like fear in His people, that is, reverence; He doesn’t like to see the heart filled with anxiety and concern which expels love, but rather He wants to see the heart filled with child-like acceptance…which is why Jesus said, unless you become like little children, ye shall in no wise inherit the kingdom of heaven…
·         Why does Israel not fear?
·         Because she will not be put to shame anymore, as a barren woman she was despised by her husband and her neighbors, but as she was told already in the previous verses this will change, her seed will inherit the earth…God will take care of her honor; God will maintain Israel’s honor; He will bestow grace and honor on them…
[vv. 7-8] – beautiful promises from God…Israel will never be a widow from God, though she may have thought so, she never was one…Israel’s total rejection has been the foundation of most biblical expositions and dogmatics in Christianity; God admits here that He indeed had forsaken Israel, but it was only for a small moment and only with a little wrath
·         That seems hard to believe because Israel has been scattered to the four corners of the earth and has suffered tremendous atrocities; Israel’s rejection appears totally different to us…and totally different
·         Does Israel herself view this rejection?
·         According to the second part of Ch.63 we’ll see this even more, however God has a different timetable then we have…notice, He says, with great mercies will I gather the…
·         This statement is deep…if Israel’s great suffering is so small to God, how great then must be that which He pleases to call great.
·         At one time He lamented, but as a wife that committed adultery, which takes strangers instead of her husband [Ezek. 16:32] but just has Hosea the prophet accepted his wife of whoredoms, Gomer again, after her shameful adulteries, so God will accept Israel again, after her spiritual adulteries…[Hosea 2:15]
·         In that day Israel will call God her husband…God will cause His people to be gathered again, from where He has scattered them [Is. 12:1]
[vv. 9-10] – In these verses the certainty of Israel’s salvation is likened to the Noahic Covenant…here God gives Israel more assurances of His love by pointing out the example of Noah and more specifically the oath that He would no longer consume the earth with water anymore.
·         He swore when making a covenant with Noah that He would not destroy the earth with water again [Gen. 9:11]
·         Here the Lord swears that He will never be wroth or rebuke Israel again, after the millennial reign…
·         (seen in context of marriage relationship)
·         the word rebuke would be that the wife would try to come to the husband in love, and the husband would rebuke her – to forcefully push away…[Ps. 104:7], God will no longer push away His people…the rainbow is a firm standing covenant with Noah and just as firm will be Israel’s everlasting peace…the waters of His wrath will no longer cover Israel
[vv. 11-12] – the future city of Jerusalem will be built with precious stones [Rev. 21-22], however the reference here is to the city of Jerusalem during the millennial reign…we don’t want to confuse these verses with the New Jerusalem, this is what Jerusalem will look like during the millennial reign…
 [vv. 13-14] – Israel’s children will be taught of the Lord, and if we look in [John 6:45] – the word taught means a practical knowledge obtained by exercising and therefore means having become used to a certain thing; having leaned to love it…during the millennial reign Israel will have Christ in her midst and have intimate dealings with Him and enjoy His teachings…they didn’t do this when Christ came the first time…
[vv. 15-17] – these verses are a clear reference to the final battle against Israel as described in [Ezek. 38:1-6; Zech. 14:1-7]
·         the Lord says here that although the enemies will plot together to do battle in an anti-Semitic say against His people, it is not with His approval this time…
·         He is not using these nations this time as He did Assyria or Babylon to come against His people, they are doing it on there own and this time they will fail
·         The weapons prepared against Israel will never strike their target…the centuries long dispersion of Israel is the best commentary on this…no king, no pope, or country has ever been able to wipe Israel off the map completely, every weapon against Israel has failed…no more could the fish consume Jonah, can the nations destroy the Jew…
·         Who can stand against God? [1 Jn. 4:4; II Cor. 10:3-5]
[Ezek. 38:1-6] – in the opening portions of this great prophecy six nations are mentioned, the most important of which is in [v.2] Gog, identified as a ruler of Magog, he was further described as the chief prince of Meshach and Tubal,
·         The leader described as Gog, will lead a force from the land of Magog [Gen. 10:2] is one of the sons of Japheth, a fact that is repeated in [1 Chron. 1:5] in addition to the 2 references in [Ezek. 38:2, 39:6] Gog is also mentioned in [Rev. 20:8] when it seems to refer to a different situation…
·         The more plausible explanation is that Gog is the ruler and Magog is the people that he rules
·         These Magog, were an ancient people that lived to the extreme north of Israel [Ezek. 27:13; 32:26]  
 
G. Christ’s Invitation – 55 – Lecture 17
[vv. 1-3] – here we find a general invitation to the salvation that Jesus Christ affords –
·         It is good to all who thirst; nor is it said that they should necessarily have a spiritual thirst…all who thirst after gold, knowledge, greatness are included here…
·         Whatever the thirst is it can only be satisfied in Jesus Christ…which is why there are so many miserable folk who have wisdom, knowledge, power, wealth, but they do not have Jesus Christ…
·         What conditions must be met for those who thirst? Do one thing, come to Jesus, the well to quench their thirst…
[Jn. 4:10] – the expression “living water” is used to contrast the quality of water Jesus would offer with that which He had requested of the woman…He was also referring to the water in its deeper sense being a fountain of life [Prov. 13:14]…
[Jn. 4:11-14] – Jesus told her that whoever drank from Jacob (Israel) well would not quench the thirst forever; but that the water He was able to give her would being eternal satisfaction…
·         John uses the words translated never in the Greek which forms a double negative, its appearance with the future indicative verb, He shall thirst constitutes the strongest possible negative expression in the Greek…
·         This shows that Christ is the living water and who drinks in Him, will never thirst again…so when you get back to [Is. 1:1a] a person who wants wealth, power, fame, knowledge is never satisfied, they always want more…Jesus, however, completely satisfies…
·         He not only satisfies the thirsty, but also those who hunger [Is. 1:1b-2]
Jesus, The Bread of Life
[Jn. 6:48, 51]          Expository Sermon Outline
I. Jesus, is the True Bread from Heaven [6:32]
II. The True Bread Gives Life Unto the World [6:33]
III. The True Bread (Just Like the Water, You’ll never Thirst Again) will cause you to never hunger again    [Jn. 6:35]
 
[Is.v.3] – what are the sure mercies of David?
·         Are the covenantal promises made at the inauguration of Davidic Covenant as recorded in [2 Sam. 7:12-17; 23:5; Ps. 89:1-4; 110]
·         The Psalmist declared that God’s love for David would last forever and that His covenant will never fail and that His throne will endure as long as the heavens endure [Ps. 89:28-37; Jer. 23:5-8]
·         God promised that if they disobeyed He would punish them, but He would not reverse the covenantal agreement…[Ps. 89:33-37] – so the sure mercies of David are the covenantal promises that God began in David and will ultimately complete in Jesus Christ…
[vv. 4-5] – these words apply only to Jesus Christ…How? The word “behold” demands that special attention is being called; often used of messianic verses to call attention to the Messiah [Is. 7:14; 42:1; Jer. 23:5; Zech 6:12], the language used here is far too strong to refer to king David; Jesus is called the leader [Dan. 9:25], this is what Christ is to all the nations…[Jer. 30:9; Ezek. 34:23, 24; 36:24, 25] Christ is presented as the great king David, the word for witness is translated ruler, lawgiver…
[vv. 6-7] – see syllabus – Entitled Seeking the Lord – Expository Outline…
·         When Isaiah was all the wicked nations coming to the Lord; He calls upon Israel to seek Him, he admonishes them and urges them to make haste for the time to find Him is not always near…(think of those who passed without coming to Christ)
·         The wicked must forsake their ways and return unto the Lord and of course this speaks about repentance…
·         Repentance: a change of mind and direction…
·         it is basically a change of mind, however it has in it 3 aspects, the intellectual element, emotional element, volitional element…
1.      Intellectual element of repentance – this is a change of view with regard to sin, God, and self. Sin comes to be recognized as personal guilt, where we’re accepting and understanding intellectually that it is not someone else’s fault; you take responsibility for being a sinner [Rom. 3:2; Ps, 51:3; Lk. 15:17-following; Rom. 1:32]
·         it involves a change of mind concerning Christ [Acts 2:14-40]
2.   Emotional element of repentance – this implies a change of feeling, now we don’t want to place a whole lot on feeling, but there is some feeling involved – sorrow for sin and a desire for pardon; an intense emotional [Ps. 51] [ 2 Cor. 7:9 and following]
3.   Volitional element of repentance – a change of will, disposition, purpose and inward turning from sin [Rom. 2:4]
·         we need all 3 aspects of repentance; for repentance is not a satisfaction rendered to God, but a condition of the heart necessary before we can even believe unto salvation
·         furthermore, true repentance never exists apart from faith [Acts 2:38]
[vv. 8-11] – a contrast is seen here between the ways and thoughts of God and the people in the preceding verses – (those wicked people were not forgiving but sought revenge; God on the other hand forgives abundantly) these words are applied to all times, and all circumstances…
Fact – we do not understand God’s ways completely – and there is a doctrine for that – The doctrine of the Incomprehensibility of God and it states this; no finite being can totally comprehend God’s ways are too deep to be completely understood…see syllabus…
[vv. 12-13] – see syllabus…these verses point to the millennial kingdom…
[Rom. 11:15] reacceptance of Israel will be life from the dead… 
 
Prophecies Concerning the Future Glory of Israel
 
Chapter 56 – the Joyous Days Ahead of Israel’s Restoration Through Christ [vv. 1-8]
·         the coming of the Lord is again pre-supposed as an accomplished fact – [v.1] salvation is presented as being near, in connection with this salvation, Israel is urged to lead Godly lives just as we’re urged in the NT [Heb. 12:14]
·         revenging justice to the wicked, this will be the rewarding of righteousness to the Godly
·         no one who comes to Christ will be barred from Zion…
[v.7] – this verse refers to blood animal sacrifices being re-instituted during the millennial reign of Christ…in attempting to explain the sacrifices of the millennial temple, the thought is not that the death of Christ is insufficient to being salvation, but rather that the sacrifices that will take place during the millennial reign of Christ are memorials of Christ sacrifices on Mt. Calvary, much as the OT sacrifices looked forward to the fulfillment in Christ death, the provisions for sacrifices especially in [Ezek] differ somewhat from those provided for under the Mosaic Law. The millennial sacrifices during the 1000 yr. reign of Christ will be required by the ideal circumstances that characterize the millennial kingdom in which sin will lose a great deal of its heinous character. The sacrificial system is a reminder of the necessity of the blood sacrifice that points back to the death of Christ as the one unique ground for salvation from sin [Ezek. 44:4] support for the millennial sacrifices [Is. 56:7; 66:20-23; Jer. 33:18; Zech. 14:16-21; Mal. 3:3,4]
·         5 OT prophets spoke to this fact…these will serve to emphasize the necessity of life in Christ in the millennium as well as other dispensations…
·         the Sabbath and the sacrifices will be reinstituted in the millennium…
[v.8] – informs us that God will gather Israel from all countries and cause the nations to flow to converted Israel…[Jn. 10:16]
[vv. 9-12] – Israel’s final invasion…blood thirsty nations are compared to wild beasts…Israel will be like an unguarded flock…during the Tribulation Period…Walvoord states that about 4-4½ yrs. into Tribulation this battle takes place 
 
Chapter 57
[vv. 1-2] – a type of rapture – listen to tape – God is establishing here a type of rapture – at the removal of the church the righteous will be taken away from the evil to come, at that time the remaining wicked will not take it to heart, but will remains in their wickedness.   Then too, the righteous will enter into peace and have rest and relief [2 Thess. 1:7] – God took Enoch, Noah, Lot, these were all types of raptures.
·         The words perish and take away – in [v.1] point to a violent and sudden death, killed during the reign of the beast…
[vv. 3-6] – the wicked are referred to by 3 names – sons of the sorceress, seeds of the adulterer, and the whore…
·         sons of the sorceress means that they devoted themselves and venerated sorcery and witchcraft [2 Kings 21:7] – [Rom. 1:18-29] – we’re seeing this take place in our time…
[vv. 7-12] – in Israel’s opinion the high hills and mountaintops were the most public places, according to the presentation of [v.7] his whoredom that was practiced in Judah is compared to that of an adulteress who’s become so open that she no longer commits her sins in secret but publicly and shamelessly
[v.8] – speaks of brazen and outright adultery…
[v.9] - king – who is this king?
·         Some think it refers to the king of Egypt, others to the king of Assyria, some take it to speak of all evil kings…but some believe it is the antichrist…
·         Here’s the key – this is a double-reference prophecy…the Hebrew word for king is Melech, that is very close to Moloch…it refers immediately in Isaiah’s context to Molech and in the future ultimately to the anti-Christ…[Jn. 5:43; Dan. 9:27]
·         The antichrist will make Israel enter a covenant…
[vv. 13-15] – these verses refer to the fact that all the gods of this world will perish and God in His mercy will turn His attention to the God fearing remnant of Israel…[Ps. 37] inheriting the Holy Mountain means to have Canaan forever…as one’s portion as an inheritance of the covenant God originally made with Abraham…
[vv, 16-21] – [v.16] – assumes that God will be wroth and contend with Israel for a very long time – (obviously this has been proved correct by Israel’s sad past, where she has suffered because she refused the Messiah) but one day the Son of Righteousness will arise over Israel with healing in His wings…
[vv. 20-21] – cf. Psalm 1:4-6 – God is saying to Israel here that if they will be godly, righteous they will prosper… 
 
Chapter 58
[vv. 1-5] – Isaiah is commanded to berate the sin of these wicked people…
·         Organized religious life (formalism – an adherence to traditions, customs, and forms) is always a great danger in serving God [2 Tim. 3:5] – it’s a body without a soul…
[v.2] – depicts the hypocritical existence of these formalists – to all appearance they were a praying people, portraying a picture that everything was okay between God and themselves (Pharasaic formalism) – Jesus had the most trouble with the Pharisees…
Fasting (for more on this listen to Tape 10/1)
·         Basically it is going without food or drink voluntarily and generally done for spiritual reasons…
·         It can be done for other reasons however, for instance – it was sometimes done as a sign of distress, grief, a sign of a repentant person…
·         Law of Moses required only one day of fasting for the Jews and that was on the Great Day of Atonement [Jer. 36:6; Acts 27:9]
·         According to God’s idea of fasting; it is an aid to prayer; but through the influence of man instituted religion soon the means to an end became the end in itself and the object of an entire religion separated from the spiritual condition of the heart, fasting is nothing more than a vain half-hearted show of love to God…in other words its useless without a ‘broken and contrite heart’…this is the case with the people Isaiah is speaking about in these verses, God puts down these hypocrites…for they fasted and yet still pursued their own pleasure…
[v.4] – their prayers were hindered because of the strife and debate going amongst them…self-vexation is never pleasing to God
Is fasting valid for us today?
·         Yes, there is a time fasting and prayer [I Thess. 5:16-18], however fasting doesn’t change God, it changes me…it puts aside all physical diversions to change me…
[vv. 6-12] – God states in these verses the kind of fasting that pleases Him…
·         He is not concerned with the ritualism and the forms, but He is concerned with that which is good, with actions that are concerned with His Holy will
·         He indicates that He wants all bands, fetters, chains, all yokes, with which the people had been shackled and had caused the innocent to suffer under to be broken…
·         He is not so much concerned with food or drink but that the people obstain from oppressing the poor and the innocent…this is born out in James epistle [James 2:14-26]
·         On the other hand, fasting that is pleasing to God is when the people save their bread from their own mouths and give it to the hungry or when they give shelter to poor, wandering fugitives, when they clothe the naked and do not withhold their care from their own family…
·         The word healing indicates the binding up and heal these people of Israel…the glory of Christ will be her reward…
·         [Prov. 6:12-14] – what God is talking about here is that He hates people who speak with secret signs, wink in a certain way and so on and so forth…a covert sign of wickedness…
·         when this is done then God will guide them continually…Israel will be given a new name she will be called the repairer of the breach, and she is presented as one who is able to make a dwelling place all throughout Israel…
·         *primary point of these verses* - Israel will not only be restored, but she will become a builder; (instead of tearing down what God is doing, in a sense this is what is happening during the Time of the Gentiles) where the Jews deny Jesus is the Messiah…they will build up what God is doing, which is why they become known as the restorer of the breach…
[vv. 13-14] – HISTORY OF THE SABBATH – (listen to Tape 10/1)
·         the keeping of the Sabbath was a sign that God truly did rule Israel…
·         in these verses the Sabbath was given to the people of God has a blessing of life upon the earth, besides circumcision and the Passover; the Sabbath was one of the 3 covenant signs between Jehovah and Israel…
·         Seventh Day Adventists still observe the Sabbath
·         The interesting thing about most Seventh Day Adventists is that they are so set at observing the Sabbath on a Saturday, that those who do not observe Saturday as a Holy Day and cease from all work and non-essential duties, they say are sinners and bound for hell…this comes very close to what occurred during the Inter-Testamental Period, when the Pharisees become building a fence around the Sabbath, so we can rightly say that the Seventh Day Adventists are not observing the Sabbath as the Pharisees observed the Sabbath…building a fence around it and becoming exclusivists, which is what the Pharisees were….most of the time they are not observing it has the Mosaic Law ordered, but as the Pharisees were during the Inter-Testimental Period…by becoming exclusivists…
·         Note in these verses – proof that after the coming of Christ to Israel (during the millennial reign) that people will again stringently begin observing the Sabbath, according to as it were the Mosaic Law…
·         The difference will be they won’t do it in a cold-hearted, pleasing the senses way, but they will delight themselves in the Lord…
·         cf – to Israel conquering all her enemies
·         [Ps. 18:34; Heb. 3:18-19] Canaan is given a special name here – it is the heritage of Jacob thy father…and it is called this for a specific reason: to remind Israel of the fact that the covenant promises that He made to Israel will be fulfilled…
·         it is emphatically spoken by the mouth of the Lord…
·         the Law was given to a specific people for a specific time and a definite goal…
·         the people of Israel; the goal was because of the transgressions [Gal. 3:19], while the time of the Law, ran until Christ came, the Pharisees and Scribes did not see this and it is one of the main reasons they hated Christ free interpretation of the Sabbatical Law…the interesting thing is that the fundamental concepts of the Ten Commandments return over and over again in the NT, with one exception, the commandment regarding the Sabbath, for these is not even a hint of keeping the Sabbath in the NT [Gal. 4:10; Col. 2:16] – Paul argues against keeping the Sabbath, we need to worship God in the right way – God is Spirit and they that worship Him, must worship Him in Spirit and in Truth [Jn. 4:24]
·         here Isaiah is speaking against religious formalism and religious formalism increased the closer it came to Christ…
·         religious formalism is taking the Sabbath and making it a tradition, instead of honoring God…but God says [Matt. 22:37-40] 
 
Chapter 59
[vv. 1-8] – there were many people in Israel then and today who believe that God was unable to deliver His captive people or if He was able, He was not willing to deliver captive Israel…
·         the first verses of this chapter deny this fallacy, the Lord can deliver and He dies here the eng of captive Israel this day; He is willing to deliver but Israel’s iniquities have made a separation between God and Israel…
·         and that’s the nature of sin, it separates God and man and at the same time it separates God and man it forms at the same time a bonding if it were between man and Satan
·         sin is the correlation of eternal punishment and the iniquities which formed this separation are listed for us: murder, deceit, perverseness, injustice and lies
·         the contrast between God’s Hand and their hand catches our attention…His Mighty hand does not save them because their hands are continually covered in blood…
·         its not that they can’t be saved because their sins are so great; but rather its because their hands stay continually covered in blood; they continually stay in their sin…
·         its their own fault that all hope of deliverance has dissipated
·         Isaiah’s imagery [v.5] portrays these people as poisonous snakes producing poisonous offspring; those who participate in their devices are depicted as eating their eggs for which they will have to pay with their very lives…
·         He speaks of the crushing of these eggs, can be interpreted as opposition against these evil plans; this opposition is totally futile, since the breaking of the eggs results in the emergence of more vipers…
·         [v.6] – is further explanation of the spiders web, no matter how far the webs are spun they are useless and worthless…(the works of the wicked is a net which catches innocent by-standers…sinful Israel is metaphorically compared to a spider that attracts innocent people in…and injects them with the poison of sin…
·         these verses show a great similarity to the six-fold picture of man given in the Book of Romans [3:18-20]
1.      their throat is an open sepulcher with their tongues they have used deceit and the poison of asps is under their lips
2.      whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness
3.      their feet are swift to shed blood
4.      destruction and misery are in their ways
5.      the way of peace they have not known
6.      there is no fear of God before their eyes
·         that of course leads to [Rom. 3:23]
·         Israel will realize she has sinned as a nation, specifically during the millennial reign of Christ, when she accepts her Messiah and Lord…
[vv. 9-15a] – [vv. 9-11] – are a stirring lament voiced by the remnant of Israel during the end time; this misery is a result of continuously generational transgressions against God which caused a separation between Israel and God…so were not just talking about 1 or 2 transgressions we’re talking about generations and generations of transgressions…in the remaining verses this remnant finally confesses (confession means to agree with God) this confession leads to repentance…
[60:2] – darkness will cover the whole earth during the Tribulation but from other scriptures we know that it will be especially dark in Israel…parallel passages that confirm this [Jer. 30:5-7; Zech. 14:1-5; Zeph. 1:15; Joel 2:2; Amos 5:18-20]
·         Israel was looking for her Light, her Messiah; yet she was remaining in her sin, refusing to receive her Messiah and darkness would come; this is a palpable darkness that has Israel comparing herself to the blind her yearn light. *The main idea in these verses is that Israel without her Messiah is as one who is dead…
[vv. 15b-18] – “the Lord saw it” – it, refers to Israel’s confession, hence seeing must not be taken in the bad sense, but in the favorable sense of God’s pleasure…as He does with every humble confession…
·         This national confession will not take place until near the end of the Tribulation Period; and immediately He got dressed as a warrior for her,
[vv. 17, 20]- speaks of God’s judgments against her enemies…[Is. 63:3-6] – the Lord is amazed that there is       o intercessor to stand in the gap for Israel [Ezek. 22:30]
[vv. 19-21] – the result of Christ’s coming in judgment of the nations for the remnants of these nations will be that they will everywhere be (both east and west) see the power and glory of Christ…they will fear Him…revere Him and glorify Him with the deepest and utmost honor and respect…
·         There will be a general conversion of the nations which takes place after the return of Christ but not before that…[1 Thess. – be a great falling away]
·         This conversion which will take place, will occur after the retribution and punishment of the nations for their hatred and persecution of the Jews [Matt. 25]
·         When the enemies shall come in like a flood the Spirit of the Lord shall come in like a standard against them…the text speaks about the last great enemy of Israel…same one spoken about in [Dan. 8:19, 23; 11:40, 45] but who suddenly comes to an end at the appearing of the Messiah…[2 Thess. 2:8]
[v.21] – the Spirit of Christ will never depart from Israel forever…
[Rom. 11:25-26] – the word “mystery” in the NT always refers to something that was once hidden, but is now revealed…it applies to something which could not be discovered by a natural faculty but had to be revealed by God; a piece of divine revelation…
·         Among the heathen of NT times the word “mystery” was always used of a mystery concealed and not revealed…
[v. 25] – refers to the future conversion of Israel 
 
Chapter 60
[vv. 1-4] – these verse deal primarily with Christ coming and ministering to the Jews…these verses contain a most wonderful promise for the Israelites the promise of being first in the rank of the nations during the Millennial Reign of Christ…
·         Of the greatest happiness and prosperity; the most lasting peaceful reign, and all the glory which will emanate naturally from God’s personal dwelling with His people
[v.2] – when darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people; when will the Light come to Israel?
·         The light will come to Israel when all appears to be the most dark
[Ex. 10:21-29] – in this instance Pharaoh is a type of antichrist, and the darkness that covers the land is the 9th plague – the 10th plague was the Passover…
·         The 9th plague was a type of darkness that would occur all over the land, in other words, it would get dark before it got light…this was the last plague prior to the great plague that would release Israel…
·         So we know from studying typologies that this plague which ushered in the deliverance from 430 yrs. of bondage; this great darkness which takes place at the end of the tribulation period readies the time when Christ will come and release His people, Israel, from bondage of the Great Tribulation Period…
·         What will be the fruit of this Risen Light?
1.      the nations of the world will see the glory of Jesus
2.      the nations will not only see the Light of Christ, but will also be led by their kings and hasten to the Light…[Ps. 22:27] [Ps. 86:9-11]
[vv. 5-9] – Israel will be absolutely amazed when Jesus Christ restores her during the Millennial Reign because she will see the nations flow to her and to bless her with riches…
·         the fear of the heart [v.5] needs to be understood as being surprised in at the great glory and great honor that Israel is receiving
·         these Jews will be absolutely amazed because nations don’t flock to go to Israel…they flock to go there because they want to be blessed…
[v.8] – could be a reference to aircraft – [v.9] – speaks about those who did not take the mark of the beast [666], now come to Israel to see Jesus and honor Him…
[vv. 10-12] – the millennial reign of Christ is when these Jews will be immensely blessed; 25% of the Word of God is prophecy and 50% of those prophecies have been literally fulfilled…God’s Word will come to pass…
[v.11] – it simply means that there will be no reason to shut those gates because there will be no enemies for those 1000 yrs, and because the flow of kings will be constantly be moving into the Hold City.
·         In the past Israel was like a prisoner in a dark dungeon [Is. 49:9] then [Is. 59:9], they hoped for release and glory – but in that day [vv. 10-22] the band of Righteousness will be around here…[v.21] – all this shall be for Christ’s glory… 
 
Chapter 61
[vv. 1-3] – at His 1st coming Jesus was not sent to introduce the day of vengeance, nor to comfort all them that mourn and to carry out what is written in [v.3]
·         The church doesn’t have waste places as mentioned in [v.4], Israel did not rebuild the old waste places at Christ’s 1st coming…not until 70 yrs. after the birth of Jesus Christ when Israel was totally laid waste, was there waste places…
·         But when Christ comes back Israel’s cities will have laid waste for many generation.
[v.5] – the strangers, the nations, (the isles), the Gentiles that stream to Jerusalem will do all the work for the Israelites…which is a priestly kingdom
·         Just as the priests ate from the tithes of the people, so all of Israel will eat of the riches of the Gentiles; if we’re looking at this thing literally; we’re looking at a literal fulfillment…
·         On the basis of [Lk. 4:17-20] – we can also draw rich instruction and comfort in the sense that from it at His 1st coming the Lord Jesus was anointed…see syllabus...
·         Christ came set at liberty all the world; but in [Lk. 4:17-20], He was specifically speaking about a time when He would declare the acceptable year of the Lord to the nation of Israel at the end of the Tribulation Period and at the beginning of the Millennial Reign of Christ…
·         To understand this we need to understand what the acceptable year of the Lord is…the “acceptable year of the Lord” is a synonym for the year of Jubilee…
·         The year of Jubilee took place the 50th year after 7 cycles of 7 years when specific instructions about property and slavery took effect [Lev. 25:8-35]
·         The word Jubilee comes from a Hebrew word that means to be jubilant or to exalt; the word is related to a Hebrew word for a ram’s horn or a trumpet…and the Jubilee year was launched from a ram’s horn, also known as a shofar in the yr. of Jubilee on a specific day on the Day of Atonement, and it signified a call to joy, liberation, and the beginning of a yr. for doing justice and loving mercy…
·         The 50th yr. was a special yr in which to claim liberty throughout all the land…
·         Specifically individuals who had incurred debts, and had sold themselves as slaves or servants to others were released from all their debts and were set at liberty…
·         And the Jew will be set at liberty completely when Jesus Christ returns at the end of the Tribulation Period…
[vv. 4-9] – here we find a description of Israel’s relationship to the past in [v.4] – to the Gentiles [v.5] – and to God Almighty [v.6] – and to the provided salvation that will come through Christ [v.7] in the past Israel had sinned and had received double shame; but after the double sin and double punishment during the Tribulation, Israel will have double joy and double glory…
·         The redeemed nation will bath in the Light of love…
[v.7] – whereas Israel for many centuries had suffered shame…Israel now receives double joy…God’s hatred of those who oppress His people is as great as His love for justice…God is a loving God, but He’s also a just God…
[v.9] – declares that Israel will be loved among the nations…
[vv. 10-11] – when Isaiah looks at the whole salvation that will one day be given to the wretched people of Israel, there’s a song of exaltation that just wells up in his heart, a song that at the same time is a prophecy…that one day will be taken up by the whole redeemed nation of Israel…
·         To truly understand this statement we need to understand that in Isaiah’s day beautiful clothes were a sign of riches, joy, and royal honor…
 
 
Chapter 62
[vv. 1-3] – Isaiah does not predict here the glorious state of the church but of the glorious state of Israel during the millennial reign…
·         The church will come back with Christ riding on a white horses the Book of Revelation teaches us that [19] and we’ll have important functions during the millennial reign of Christ…
·         However Isaiah is concentrating mainly on Israel’s role during the millennial reign…[Ps. 121]
·         According to [Is. 65:15] Israel will not be called Israel during the millennial reign she will be called by another name
[vv. 4-5] – this deals with the marriage relationship between God and Israel being restored…[v.4] – is a sharp contrast to the new glory of Israel and her former wretchedness where she had divorced herself from God…now she gets back…
Hephzibah – was the name of king Hezekiah’s wife and this is what is means: my desire is toward her, or my very dearest one, or my most beloved one…in God calling Israel Hephzibah, He is saying to Israel you are now My desire, My very dearest in all the earth…
Beulah – 3 things about this word
1.      it means the married one – Israel will be the married one, married to God
2.      in this marriage it refers to a man taking possession of a wife and ruling over her…in that the wife lovingly subjects herself to the husband’s rule because he is loving and compassionate, and doing all he can to shower her with love and blessings…God takes possession of Israel and rules over her
3.      it means to enjoy all the privileges of marriage
[vv. 6-7] – like all ancient cities Jerusalem had walls and gates. They would sit a watchman on the tower who would cry out if he saw an enemy approaching. The protection of the city depended on the watchman.
·         Watchman does not mean ministers, but prophets, priests, kings in a spiritual sense and all those who love and seek the peace of Jerusalem…keep warning that there is invaders coming but also keep warning that the Lord is going to protect…
·         Now the first part of [v.7] says give him no rest or peace…there’s a threefold thought there.
1.      the Lord does not rest with regards to Israel…
2.      the Lord does not want His petitioners to keep silent in their prayer for Israel…
3.      the Lord does not want His people to leave Him alone concerning Israel’s deliverance…
[vv. 8-9] – the Lord has sworn an oath in connection with Israel’s restoration and He does that to make a point – He can swear by no one Higher than Himself, and therefore He swears by Himself [Heb. 6:13] – Arm of His Strength – salvation and peace…
[vv. 10-12] –  
 
Chapter 63
[vv. 1-6] – here in a dialogue between Christ and Isaiah will be the end result for Edom, which is a type of anti-Christ/anti-Semitic nation…
·         Edom is described here as a type of anti-Semitic people; it is inconceivable how anyone could find here a reference to Christ suffering…
·         When Christ comes He will tread the winepress [Rev. 14:20; 19:11-21], these verses deal with Christ return at the end of the Tribulation Period at the battle of Armageddon…
·         His garments are red because He attacked and went to war against those nations who were attacking Israel. He’s trodden the Gentile nations in His anger and fury and strength and life-blood has dirtied His garments…
[v.4] – gives the reason why He has trodden the nations; because the year of the redeemed has come – the end of the Tribulation and the beginning of the Millennial Reign of Christ…
·         Nothing pleases us more than the thought of Christ coming again as Savior to give complete salvation from all the result of sin…when He died on the cross Christ delivered us from the guilt and punishment of sin and from the power of sin He delivers us everyday as He sits at the right hand of God, ever interceding and giving grace to those who come to Him in need…but from all the results of sin He will deliver us and Israel at His Second Coming…
[vv. 5-6] – Isaiah declares that Christ alone is the great judge of all the nations…
[vv. 7-9] – the use of the word “loving kindness” 2x in [v.7] – this is a very important Hebrew Word Hesed- speaks about the everlasting abundant kindnesses of the Lord [Ps. 63:3; Jer. 9:24],- its important because Israel was always looking for the everlasting abundant kindnesses of God…
·         These verses deal with one of the greatest prayers in the Bible, we’re convinced that Isaiah prayed this prayer in the Spirit of the Lord, and this stirring prayer can be compared to the penitential prayer of Daniel 9, this prayer, like [Dan. 9] can be divided into 3 parts…thanksgiving, confession, supplication…in these 3 verses Isaiah brakes into a song of praise for the blessings God has bestowed upon Israel in the past, and He offers the manifold praises of Jesus in very provocative terms, no human words are strong enough to express the multitude of God’s mercies toward Israel and that’s why the Holy Spirit when He spoke to Isaiah uses the word lovingkindnesses…
·         Because it just doesn’t speak about the kindness of God but the everlasting forever abundant kindness of God…
[v.8] – the Jews are God’s people and they don’t have to become so after a long period of striving; they are             already His people; people in rebellion who haven’t accepted Jesus Christ…
2. the Lord declares He recognizes their His people
3. over against Israel’s enemies and the devil and all the powers of hell, God acknowledges that Israel in His people…
4. He calls the Jews children (children of the Covenant)
5. He calls them children that will not lie
·         The word lie contains a deeper meaning then it does in our language, it meant a fountain or a brook or a spring that contained no water and therefore disappointed the thirsty man who came upon it in the desert…
·         With this one significant word God says His people will not deceive or disappoint Him – (they are now while they are Lo-Ammi – not My people, but the time will come when they will be Ammi-His people, and will be a blessing to Him)
[v.9] – speaks of the tender love of God for His people; (OT) the Son, Christ, is the image of the invisible God we know this from [2 Cor. 4:4; Phil. 2:6; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:3]
[vv. 10-14] – Israel’s unfaithfulness sadly contrasts with the unfathomable love of God…Israel has been rebellious for centuries, they vexed the Holy Spirit of God…because they vexed the Spirit of God, He turned to be their enemy, and that is how some Jews se God today and its for this reason that there are a great amount of Jewish atheists…[Heb. 10:31]
·         In these verses we find that God is still there…in these verses we find the Holy Trinity…the purpose of God’s loving kindness is found in [vv. 12-14], hence God’s self-glorification is pointed out in these verses and one day this will be absolutely completely fulfilled as outlined in [Phil. 2:10-11]
[vv. 15-19] – in order to understand this prayer we must realize that it will be prayed at the end of time (The time of the Great Tribulation) the faithful remnant will pray this prayer and will be looking for the Messiah…Shortly before the manifestation of Christ as outlined in [Rev. 19] for the deliverance of Israel [also Zech. 14:1-5], the remnant oppressed completely by the powers of hell will flee not from God, but to God, and they will make an appeal to His ancient inward mercy called the “sounding of thy bowels” by saying Thee art are Father, they no longer have an carnal claim to Abraham and Jacob and in [v.17] they confess that according to the righteous judgment of God they’re subject to the blindness and hardening of the heart, in other words they are saying we’re getting what we deserve but Lord please deliver us. We’re confessing we are wrong, we’ve been Lo-Ammi, not thy people, but Lord, we want to be Ammi, thy people…
 
Chapter 64
[vv. 1-3] – these verses are a prayer for the coming of the Messiah, Israel is praying this prayer at the end of the Great Tribulation…cf. [Zech. 14:1-5] and this ties right in with [Rev. 19:11-21]
·         They are praying the prayer for deliverance [Is. 64:1-3], the Lord touches down on the Mount of Olives and the Mount of Olives splits wide open…they said “Lord, we want the mountains to flow down at Thy presence…God answers that prayer literally…this is the prayer of the faithful remnant, who in their utter grief, longingly look forward to the decent of Jesus Christ, who exactly at that moment, when the need is the greatest will come to them literally as in [Zec. 14:1-5]
[vv. 4-5a] – in [1 Cor. 2:9] – the Apostle Paul does not merely mean to quote [v.4] but derives from it a different thought…the Holy Spirit as the author of scripture can Himself know how He wishes to apply His own words.
·         Paul is not thinking of waiting for the Messiah, cause He’s received the Messiah, but of loving the Messiah as the mystical body of Jesus Christ does…that’s why He says in [1 Cor. 2:10] – hence the Holy Spirit purposely avoids the word “wait” there for the mystery of the church has already been revealed by the Holy Spirit…
·         There is a blessing in waiting on the Lord [Is. 40:31]
[vv. 5b – 12] – the meaning of the second part of [v.5] is this; Israel would have been saved if the people had walked in obedience to God’s ways; if they had received Jesus Christ as the Messiah…thereupon [v.6] gives us the assurance that Israel had not walked in the old ways, on the contrary they were all as an unclean thing; as someone who according to God’s Law might not appear before Him
·         Note [v.7] – “there it none that calleth upon thy name,” that is prayerlessness, scriptural prayer is seizing God, and as it were wrestling with Him [Gen. 32:22-32]
·         [Hosea 12:4] – [James 4:2] you have not because you ask not…it is so important to learn how to pray and press with God [I Thess. 5:17] cf. [Jn. 14:13-14] – two good verses when teaching on prayer
[v.8] – cf. Jer. 18:6 –
 
Chapter 65
[Rom. 5:8] – Christianity is not man reaching up to God; it is God reaching down to man…
·         God’s willingness to accept this rebellious people Israel was so great that all day He spread out His hands to this rebellious people, just like a loving father would spread out his arms to his child…
·         This sign of spreading out the hands was a sign to an invitation to come and be received [Prov. 1:24] is a good commentary on this…these 2 verses [1-2] show that God is willing to accept Israel
[vv. 3-7] – the destruction of the apostate…
·         What we have in these verses is what will take place during the Tribulation Period as the Jews are crying out to God as these tribulations are going on, specifically the last 3 ½ yrs.
·         They will go to the graves of their ancestors and worshiping at these graves, and asking their ancestors’ spirits to speak to them
·         The culmination of Israel’s apostasy is described in these verses…the partly restored but yet unconverted Jews are still provoking God to anger
[vv. 8-12] – the prophet Isaiah depicts the image of a remnant in a cluster of grapes…the God provoking sins might lead us to believe that no one in Israel would turn to Jesus Christ, but with this metaphor of the cluster of grapes, we see that’s not the case at all…
·         This is why God will not destroy all Israel because of this faithful remnant…cf. [Zech. 13:8]
[v.18] – Sharon – this is a fertile strip of ground bordering the Mediterranean Sea and its famous for its lush pastures. It was inherited by the tribe of Manasseh and it was the only area that Israel effectively controlled during the entire time of the divided monarchy…the word Sharon comes from a Hebrew root word that means to be straight and prosperous…it will be a blessed place…
·         The Valley of Achor – was near Jericho and obtained an infamous name on of the sin of Achan [Joshua] when Achan hoarded some of the goods from Jericho and he was destroyed. Since Israel stoned Achan there it seems that this valley was stony and arid and a place of infamy and abhorrence which Israel wanted to avoid like the plague…but at the restoration of all things during the millennial Reign, God will make this valley a door of Hope…
[vv. 11] – 2 names mentioned that troop and that number – these are twin idols, the idols of tame and fortune; in our vernacular we would say these are the idols of Good Luck…and what God is saying is your preparing a table for fortune, you’re offering unto these gods believing they will being you good luck…when all along you should be trusting Me and Me alone…
·         Metaphorically stating that ye offer to gods that cannot, nor ever could save you…
[vv. 13-16] – contrasts the saved with the Apostate…
·         The Lord’s servants will eat, drink, and be blessed, that stands for all the temporal joy they can possibly imagine, as it were in Eden…but the apostate will hunger and thirst
·         God’s servants will sing for joy – but the apostate will howl
·         God’s elect will be called by another name – while the apostate will leave their name for everlasting shame…
*    For more on this listen to tape*
[vv. 17-25] – Renewed Creation
·         There will be a new Heaven and a New Earth which are conformable to the original creation prior to the fall and to the earthly and heavenly people of the Lord…
·         Correspondingly the kingdom of peace will have a double aspect…
1.      There will be a kingdom of the Son and a kingdom of the Father cf. [Matt.13:41-43; Eph. 5:5]
·         The realm of the former is the earth; the sphere of the latter is heaven
2.      There will be a glorified earthly people and a glorified heavenly people
·         Israel is earthly and will be converted [Deut. 30:1-9; Rom. 11; Heb. 8:8-13]
·         These 2 groups of glorified people will be restored and unified [Jer. 3:18] [Zech. 8:19-21
·         Heavenly peoples as the church which will reign with the glorified Christ [2 Tim. 2:12; Rev. 20:6]
3.   There will be 2 Jerusalem’s
·         An earthly one in Palestine and heavenly one above the earth [1500 miles cubed]
·         One in the celestial regions that has descended from the 3rd heaven, hovering above the earth so that its light illuminates the earth
·         Regarding this earthly Jerusalem [Ps. 48:2] [Micah 4:1-4; Zech. 13:9; 14:20-21, 16] cf – [Rev. 21:2-3, 12-27] speaks about the heavenly Jerusalem
4.   There will be 2 seats of government and 2 persons controlling this; strictly speaking of course, Christ       rules everything
·         However in the earthly Jerusalem the vice-regent serving with Christ will be King David [Ez. 37:24, 45; 46:1,2; Zech. 6:13] – the Lord’ s Law and Word will go forth by this vice-regents agency from Jerusalem [Is. 2:1-4; Micah 4:1-4].
·         Remember this is a new created order with a lot of things taking place after the Millennial Reign of Christ, so things are completely different even from what they were in the Millennial Reign, everything will be completely new
·         Ex. Rev. 21:11 – speaking about the New created order and the Holy Jerusalem…
·         Jasper is not clear as crystal on this earth – it is either red or brown or tan and there are some varieties of jasper that are green, but never is jasper clear, jasper is known as a non-crystalline form of quartz – but in the new order of things all things will be made new – even the minerals will be new…
·         Keep in mind that some of these verses deal with 2 different time period of prophecy…
·         22 events related to Israel’s prophecy listen to Tape…
 
 
Chapter 66
[vv. 1-6] – to understand these verses, we need to go back to [Is. 56:7], [v.1] here is speaking about the Temple in Jerusalem during the Millennial Reign and if you go back to [Is. 56] it says that the sacrifices will be accepted…
·         so is there a contradiction? No, chapter 66 we believe deals with the end of the millennial reign of Christ (1000 yrs)
·         but what is taking place here is that some of these Jews become so familiar with Christ that they become contemptible; they become use to Jesus being king and its no longer as it were a big thing…we know from Revelation that at the end of the (1000 yrs.) Satan will be loosed and there will be a great rebellion (Last Stand of Satan)…so what we have here is that some of the Jews have taken Christ for granted…
[v.3] – God is saying here you are offering your sacrifices but you’re doing it without a broken and contrite heart…you’re doing it with the wrong motives…He says that because some of the Jews are becoming so familiar with Christ that it is a contemptible thing to worship Him…
[vv. 7-14] – these verses describe the reacceptance of Israel as a nation and this reacceptance of Israel has a nation at the end of the Tribulation Period will be a symbol of life from death unto all the world [Rom. 11:15; Ezekiel 37]
·         Zion has been reaccepted as the wife of Jehovah [Hosea 3], this reaccepted wife is suddenly delivered of a man child even before the pains of childbirth come upon her…
·         This little child is nothing less than the entire nation of Israel being re-born by the coming of the Savior –(2nd Coming)- Rev. 19
·         In [v.9] God says He opens the womb of Israel, a supernatural miracle is what Israel’s restoration is…
·         Cf. [Malachi 3:17- 4:12] – here we have the contrasts of the blessings of the just and the judgment of the wicked…
[vv. 15-18a]- fire is frequently used in connection with the coming of the Lord in judgment…[2 Thess. 1:8; Hebrews 10:26-27; 2 Peter 3:7] now together with the fire, He mentions 5 more types of judgments
      1) chariots of clouds   2) whirlwind   3) rebuke    4) flames of fire   5) the sword of war
·         All the elements of nature will serve God as weapons and instruments of destruction, there will be a great slaying in that day [Rev. 9:18] one third of man will perish; [Rev. 16:19] – the cities of the nations will fall
·         On whom will the Lord pour out this wrath? The people of [vv. 3-4] of this chapter…these are people who are apostate who are said to follow a mysterious enemy, (the antichrist) who has a great influence on his followers…
·         They follow him and they believe they are doing the right thing [Prov. 14:12], they will be destroyed at the Second Coming of Christ [Rev. 19]…
[vv. 18b – 24] – a fitting conclusion to the Book of Isaiah…
      Four main topics found in the Book are found here…
      1) Israel    2) the conversion of the nations   3) renewal of creation 4) the destruction of the wicked
·         Those that go forth to pay homage to Jesus, will even in the neighborhood of Jerusalem see a warning and a shocking sight…they will view the corpses of the apostates in the Valley of Topheth, who have rebelled against Jesus and been cast down…
·         Apparently, if we take this literally from the rim of an abyss, the pilgrims can see the corpses in hell where the worm does not die and the fire is not quenched…[Mark 9:44-46]
·         The reason for this is – God wants this to be abhorring to all nations
·         He wants nations among whom there will still be the few unconverted, who only feign worship to Him because it is the Millennial Period, not to rebel at the end when Satan is released for a little season – this will be a testing time for a lot of people (both Jew and Gentile) just because they are in the Millennial Reign doesn’t mean they are saved…
·         This is why this gateway to hell is open so they can look down and see what is going on there…