Beulah Baptist Church
Saturday, November 18, 2017

Isaiah I

Isaiah I
 
                                                      
I. Introduction
739BC-700BC – several of Isaiah’s most significant messages are directly related to the critical circumstances encountered by the Southern Kingdom (Judah) in the second half of the 8th Century BC
- this includes the Syro-Ephraimatic war in the 734BC/the Sennacherib crisis in 701BC…
- the importance of Isaiah’s prophecy is indicated by the frequent quotation of the NT writers and Jesus, Himself…
- Isaiah has always been considered the greatest of the Hebrew prophets he is known as the evangelist of the OT-
- the Book of Isaiah abounds with Messianic prophecies concerning the Messiah’s person, His work, His kingdom, and especially the Millenial aspect…
- Ch. 1-12 are prophecies concerning the corruption of Judah and Jerusalem and her inevitable punishment, closing with the millennial promise of the restoration of Israel and the blessing
- Isaiah deals primarily with Israel as a nation; whereas Daniel deals primarily with the times of the Gentiles…
- Ch. 13-23 are primarily prophecies concerning judgments chiefly against foreign nations whose activities affected Israel and Judah
- Ch. 24-27 are known as the “Little Apocalypse” of the Apocalypse of Isaiah; there is a prophecy there depicting tribulation and judgment upon the nations…and the issuing in of the millennial reign of Christ
- Ch. 28-35 are prophecies concerning Samaria and Judah in relation to Assyria warning of the fall of Israel and condemning alliances with the nation of Egypt
- Ch. 36-39 are historical section concerning Sennacherib’s invasion, King Hezekiah’s sickness and recovery, and Isaiah’s prophecy of the Babylonian captivity and judgment upon Judah for her sins…
- Ch. 40-48 are the comforting promises of salvation, and the restoration of the exiles…
- Ch. 49-55 are salvation and deliverance which are accomplished through the Messiah
- Ch. 56-66 are admonitions to obedience and promises concerning Israel’s future glory…
- the first 35 chapters of Isaiah are didactic and predictive, being concerned primarily with judgment that will fall on Israel…these are followed by a historical narrative of 7 chapters and the work is concluded with the 27 last chapters of the book that are chiefly conciliatory and messianic in nature…
- the opening chapter of the book graphically illustrates the moral and spiritual condition of the degenerate nation of the time Isaiah began his ministry…
- Isaiah condemns mere religious formalism that is divorced from right moral and ethical conduct Ch. 1:1-15…
 
Outline
B. – according to Hebrew tradition Isaiah suffered martyrdom by being sawn asunder during the reign of the wicked king Mannaseh and there is a reference to that in [Hebrews 11:37]…
C. – Isaiah was the son of Amoz, not to be confused with the prophet Amoz; he was married and according to [8:3] his wife was called a prophetess and he had 2 sons (see outline)
D. – under Uzziah, Judah had obtained an unused high level of prosperity see [2 Chron. 26] – Israel, under King Jeroboam II which had just ended recovered most of the territory formally subject to King Solomon [2 Kings 14:25-28]
- the material prosperity of those 2 kingdoms produced the usual social and moral evils as well as religious declination which inevitably results under such circumstances…
- we know that this is true…when man is prospering many times his spiritual health suffers…we see that in our country today…this is one of the themes of Job
- to understand the historical background we need to look at 3 crisis that arose during Isaiah’s ministry:
1st – the Syro-Ephraimitic war in 734 BC
- in 734, Rezon king of Syria an Pek king of Israel formed a military alliance to oppose Tiglath-Pilesas III who was king of Assyria…
- Judah, under King Ahaz, for some reason refused to join this resistance against Assyria, whereupon Syria and Israel moved against Judah, Ahaz appealed to the nation he was supposed to be fighting against in spite of Isaiah’s warning to trust in God for deliverance…
- Ahaz’s refusal brought forth the great Emmanuel prophecy that we read about in [Is. 7:14]
- Tiglath-Pilesas captured Pamascus, the Syrian capital, he killed Rezon the king and he carried the population to captivity [2 Kgs. 15:29]
2nd – Fall of Samaria – took place in 722 BC; Peka after a reign of 20 yrs. was assassinated in 732 by Hoshea who then became Israel (northern kingdom’s) last king…upon the death of Tiglath-Pilesas III in 727, Hoshea wary of paying heavy tribute to Assyria turned to Egypt for help and withheld its annual tribute
- the new king of Assyria, Shalmanezzar V, invaded Israel and laid siege to Samaria during the 3 yr. siege, Shalmanezzar died and SargonII, his successor continued the siege and Sameria fell to him in 722 BC and that fall results in the other collapse of the northern king of Israel and its territory and it became part of the Assyrian kingdom…
- basically from that point in time Israel (10 tribes) as a nation disappeared from history…
3rd – the Sennacherib crisis, he succeeded his father Sargon in 705 BC and as often happens when kings change thrones, the subject nations under Assyria including Palestine began a revolt.
- when Sennacherib suppressed the rebellions in the east, he turned to the west and he subjugated the peoples in the west…
- Hezekiah, king of Judah sent messengers to Lochish to pay tribute to Assyria [2 Kgs. 18]
- but the Assyria monarch decided to lay siege to the city and plunder its resources, whereupon Isaiah was sent by God to assure the king of Judah, that the city would stand…
- as the Assyrian army lay encamped against Judah the Angel of the Lord went forth and smote 185,000 in the Assyrian army and the humiliated Sennacherib was compelled to return to Assyria…                                          [2 Kings 19; Isaiah 36-37]
 
E. Liberal Attacks
- why we believe only one man wrote the Book of Isaiah
a) historical background – it is claimed that the historical background of Ch. 40-66 predisposes the period of the Babylonian exile; the writer speaks from the standpoint of the exile, not events in the remote future; it is not true that parallel examples are absent in the scriptures whereby the prophet in a lengthy discourse speaks from an ideal future standpoint as if it were the present or past
- practically the entire Book of Revelation in the NT presents such an example where the writer is completely immersed in future events as if they were presently active before him. That’s because God does not look at time as past, present, future; He sees all things at once…Ez. 40-48, Nahun (his prophecy of Ninevah) Ps. 22 speaks about Christ cannot be limited simply to David’s experience, but in the spirit, David is speaking prophetically of Christ’s crucifixion, not every prophecy needs to be raced to a definite contemporary historical situation, not directly applicable to the generation to whom it is spoken…
b) the differences in style between Ch. 40-66 and the first 39 chapters are not sufficient to indicate different authors; as in the case of Zachariah 9-14, the change of subject matters can well account for this…
- moreover, the critics do not take into consideration similarities to the prophecies in their effort to magnify the alleged differences
- the resemblances in style and language are not insignificant…for instance the Holy One of Israel is used a dozen or more times, but is rarely used by the other prophets
c) Theological factors
- the alleged theological differences between Ch. 1-39 and 40-66 are non-existent…the more elevated ideas of God said to characterize second Isaiah or Deutero-Isaiah may be accounted for in the same way as the alleged differences in style on the same subject and viewpoint
- furthermore there is no absence of deliverance of a faithful remnant as liberals speak about
- Ch. 40-66 deal with salvation and deliverances both in Israel and among the Gentiles
d) Isaiah heading in 1:1
- this is clearly intended to apply to the entire prophecy of 66 chapters…when God’s Word has a man’s name at the beginning of the book that man wrote the book…
e) lack of manuscript evidence…
- there is no manuscript evidence to show that the entire prophecy is not a unified whole written by a single man
- this is strengthened by the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and specifically the Isaiah Scroll in 1947 and this dates from the second century BC…it shows only one Isaiah
f) – there is the witness of the NT to the unity of Isaiah as the author of the Book…he is quoted 21 and in the NT and from both sections of the Book of Isaiah and of the 66 chapters, 47 are directly alluded to or quoted several times…
3. The Immanuel Prophecy of Isaiah 7:14
- to understand the context in which this prophecy was given we need to know the background…see my notes on the Syro-Epraimitic was…
 
Ch. 1:1-31 – Introductory Prophecy
1. Definition of a “vision” – a vision is an experience in the Bible similar to a dream, through which supernatural insight or awareness is given by supernatural revelation…
- the difference between dreams and a vision is that dreams occur only while the person is sleeping; while visions can happen while the person is fully awake [Dan. 10:7]
- note worthy example of men who had visions in the OT were Ezekiel and Daniel; visions in the NT are most prominent in the Gospel of Luke, Acts, Revelation
- the purpose of visions was to give guidance and direction to God’s servants and to foretell the future…
[vv. 2-3] – point out the fact that children can have the best of upbringings and still rebel as Israel, God’s covenant children did…note He compares them to the ox which was considered a dumb animal, but knew its owner and the ass which was considered a stubborn animal but was useful as a farm animal; yet even in this case God literally says that the jack ass is smarter than the nation of Israel and God is saying that because Israel was in rebellion…
[v. 4] – God speaks here in the #7, we are dealing with what is known as the seven-fold sin – the number 7 is not the number of perfection but the number of completeness whether it is completeness in the positive or negative sense…and usually the #7 is divided into 2 parts/ one part has 4 parts/ one has 3 parts and this is the case in this verse…
- first, Isaiah describes four powerful phrases of the sinful life and evil mentality of Israel; then he describes 3 more wicked deeds of Israel in regard to her walk, her word, and her will…
“seeds of evildoers” – this sinful people originally the seed of Abraham boasted of being the seed of Father Abraham and became by their iniquity a generation of vipers and the very children of the devil…see…[Matt. 3:7, Jn. 8:33;44]
[vv. 5-6] – this degenerated criminal Israel did not take these divine blows that God sent to hears; on the contrary we read specifically that the more God visited Israel the more Israel sinned against the       Lord…[2 Chron. 28:22]
- [v.5] – clearly tells us that the people refused to accept the fatherly chastisement [Heb. 12:5-7] – God chastises those whom He loves and one of the most terrible aspects of discipline is when a son remains untouched by the discipline of the father
- not only does he resist the disciple but he stiffens his neck and hardens his heart against his own father and that was Judah’s attitude in the days of King Ahaz
- God complains about this through the prophet [Jeremiah 3:20; 5:3]
- this refusal to return deals indirectly with the Christian world today…Isaiah is primarily a prophet that deals with Israel, the suffering Messiah, and Israel rejecting the Messiah…Isaiah deals with the end times through the eyes of the Jew whereas Daniel deals with the end times through the eyes of the Gentile…
- but we see in the Christian world today that nations are corrupt from the soul of their foot to the crown of their heads…the nations get deeper and deeper into this condition because they turn their eyes away from Jesus Christ their only hope…
[vv. 7-9] – see Dt. 28
[vv. 10-11] – fear was absolutely unknown to Isaiah and you can see it in these verses; he was absolutely on fire for God; there is only one place [Is. 6] – where we can see any fear in Isaiah, but this fear is a good fear for it is a righteous fear…
- but here, we see Isaiah clearly and defiantly proclaiming God reigns…and this is what we need to be preaching today…repentance must be preached…Acts 2:32 – a change of mind and lifestyle from the old life to the new life
[vv. 12-15] – describe the type of religion God hates…
- never in all of God’s Word does God ever institute merely an external worship service that does not involve the heart…
- there must be a change of heart…we must have a new heart
- every sacrifice of the nation of Israel was supposed to express the grateful attitude of the heart
- God has always required feeling of the heart and truth in the inward parts…
What is true religion?
- first of all the word religion comes from a Latin word religare and it means to bind up; not, the Word of God says that Jesus came to set the captives free…but there is a right kind of religion and God’s Word gives the definition of what true, righteous, Godly religion is…[James 1:26-27] – but before you do these things you must be saved; born again and then to live a pure religion; a holy life…
[vv.16-18] – what God demands…
[v.18] – we must never forget that God is speaking here to very religious, although hypocritical people…they could not as long as they continued in their abominations receive an answer to their prayers or the favor of God
- this points out that a Sunday only Christianity, just will not get it; just like a Sabbath only for Judaism did not get it; there has to be a change –
- there has to be a leaning; seeking after the face of God…we need to break from sin and improve our lives – there has to be a turning away from unrighteousness and a turning toward righteousness
- note, Isaiah points out the infinite mercy that is available to all who turn from sin and turn to Christ…
- what are we “reason together” – [Rom. 3:23] – man is in dire need of the atonement in Christ…[Acts 2:37] – we must be pricked in the heart
[vv. 19-20] – we have to be willing to change in order to be obedient or else we will suffer the consequences of [v. 20] [Gal. 6:7-8]
- we can only receive the blessings of God by obeying God
[vv. 21-23] – it can be concluded from Isaiah’s style that he was not an over-sensitive man like Jeremiah; but at the same time his innermost feelings were not devoid of a fine and deep sensitivity…here, he breaks out in a song of Lamentation
- in a terrible manner the Lord announces His judgment upon the wicked sinners; it is terrible for 3 reasons…
a) because of the 3 divine names that are used to indicate the awesome power;
   Jehovah – points to God as the Great Judge [Ex. 23:17; 24:23]
   Jehovah Sabbehoth or Lord of Hosts – it describes God as a warrior who has all the angels at Hid disposal
   The Mighty One of Israel and it points to the unstoppable power of God…
- the main objective of using these 3 names if that it points to the dreadfulness that awaits the wicked
b) its terrible, because God calls the wicked His enemies and adversaries
- the writer of Hebrews said it is a terrible thing to fall into the hands of the Living God [Heb. 10:31]
c) – [v. 25] – we see that even in His judgment God shows mercy
- [v. 27] – Zion means Jerusalem shall be rendering the verdict; not until the day after the Great Tribulation will salvation for Israel dawn…as a nation
- according to [v. 25] – this judgment will not be for annihilation but for purification [Zech. 13:8]
[vv. 28-31] – now, the imagery here in these four verses is very striking and meaningful…by his own sin the sinner ignites the fires of hell and he ignites but he cannot quench it.
- sin, once you get involved in it; it becomes very difficult to stop that sin, that was true for the Jews and it is true for the church as well…
 
Ch. 2:1-5:30 – Deal with the Universal Millenial Rule After Judgment
[vv. 1-4] – points to the fact that the kingdom of Christ in contrast to other kingdoms will be established as the Head of all the nations [Dan. 2:44]
- from here, Jesus will make known His revelations through the Law, the Torah not the Law of Moses, but the Law as enunciated in [Matt. 5-7] which is the Law of the Kindgom – the Lord’s Prayer is talking about the coming millennial kingdom…
 
[2:5-9] – Isaiah turns here from the imperishable majesty of the kingdom of peace to the exceeding wickedness of his days…
- it would be similar to you and I being given a glimpse of the emerald streets of heaven and then having to turn around and face reality, the sin and wickedness of our world, it would be depressing…
- and Isaiah is saying to the house of Jacob and to us today get your house, your lives in order and walk in the light of the Lord [Titus 2:13]
- the sin of Judah and Jerusalem was four-fold
         1) They were filled with superstitious rituals [v.6]
         2) They were filled with treasures [v.7]
         3) They were filled with militarism [v.7]
         4) They were filled with heathen idolatry [v.8]
- God saw these abominations and would not allow them to go unpunished
[vv. 10-18] – Isaiah describes the judgment against haughtiness/ pride Obadiah deals with this extensively
[v. 19] – the summons of [Is. v. 10] will be fulfilled in the future – both [Hosea 10:18] and the apostle John [Rev. 6:15, 16] point this out; every one not covered by the blood of the lamb; the wrath of the Lord will be so terrible that they will not know where of how to hide…
[vv. 20-22] – Isaiah pictures a terrified people who seek a hiding place in the hole and clefts of the rocks because of their sin, but they will not be able to take their gods with them…
 
Isaiah Chapter 3
[vv. 4-5] – vv. 1-3 describe that the Lord will take away the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem and [vv. 4-5] states that those leaders will be replaced by young men, even children who are inexperienced – this will take place during the Tribulation –in other words, the aged will be disrespected during the Tribulation…
[vv. 6-8] – the situation is depicted as so desolate that no one will accept the reigns of government anymore; no one considers it possible to save the collapsed body of the state…
- yet, the people realize that their must be a government to supply leadership…and in thus general poverty there will be someone to whom they will say be thou our ruler…
[vv. 8-9] – the reason for the wretched condition of Judah at this time is because Jerusalem has run into and stumble over the stumbling stone Judah falls because they have provoked the Living God…instead of walking circumspectly as scripture demands; they committed the most abominable sins before Him
- even Adam when he sinned made a meager attempt to cover himself by sowing fig leaves together; but those folk refused to be ashamed…
- Is. says, they’ve gone the way of the Sodomites [1 Cor. 5]
[vv. 10-11] – even in the midst of this evilness, God remembers the righteous (just like He did Lot, Gen. 19) – Isaiah is saying to the righteous remain obedient – [Heb. 12:14] – we are to be examples to the House of God [I Tim, II Tim, Titus]
[vv. 13-15] – by a solemn pronouncement of judgment, Is. assures us that God is coming to judge all unfaithful leaders…all prophecies similar to [v.13] – should be taken literally and not as imagery and personification
[vv. 16-23] – this section describes the judgment on the daughters of Judah; we get the impression here that these women exercised a fateful influence on and once again we can see the same thing happening today…just like Jezebel…this section proves once more what a sharp observer the prophet Is. was…not without a hint of irony in which he excelled so well, he describes all the clothing and trappings of those wanton, lustful women in Jerusalem…[I Tim. 2:9] – there needs to be modesty… 
 
Isaiah Chapter 4
[v.1] – during the Tribulation women are accounted as being desperate on the account of the shortage of men; we must keep in mind that it was a disgrace for a Jewish woman not to have born children…7 women will come to one man, just so he will take away their reproach…this happens during the time the word of God describes as Jacob’s trouble [Jer. 30:7]
[v.2] – the branch of the Lord is Jesus Christ [Jer. 23:5, 33:15; Zech. 3:8; 6:12] the liberals say that the branch of the Lord is Hezekiah, but scripture proves them wrong…
- the phrase fruit of the earth refers to Jesus Christ and describes Him as the True man [Phil 2:5-11]
[vv. 3-4] – these verses are dealing with the chosen remnant of Jerusalem;
- regardless of how great the apostasy was, God always said there would be a remnant of Israel [Mal. 3:16; 4:2]
- secondly, there is always a remnant during Israel’s partial and temporary blindness, according to the election of grace even today [Rom. 11]
- thirdly, the work remnant is used for the nations that remain after the judgment [Acts 15:17]
- fourth, the word remnant is used time and time again in the restoration of Israel; in the day of Jacob’s trouble according to [Zech. 13: 8-9] examples of people whose names are written in the Book of Life;
[Ps. 69:28; Dan. 12:1; Luke 10:20; Rev. 20:12] – so the fact that all Israel will one day be saved according to Paul, must not be taken to mean every Jew who ever lived will be saved. Third part will be saved [Zach 13:9; 14:20-21]
[vv. 5-6] – after, the judgment of the Tribulation, Israel will obtain great glory…however, first of all, the wicked must be destroyed, and the remnant must be purged as gold and silver are refined…[Zach. 13:9]
- Israel as a nation will be tried during the Tribulation period
 
Chapter 5: 1-30 – 6:1-13 – Judgments Continued
 
Isaiah Ch. 5 is known as the song of the vineyard…in [v.1] the word well-beloved refers to God the Father; while the word beloved refers to Jesus Christ…
- it can be considered a rule that Isaiah deal extensively with Jesus Christ
- the name beloved is given to Christ in [Matt. 3:17] and it is used of Christ 28x in the Song of Solomon
- the meaning of this vineyard is found in [v.7] – it refers to all of Judah and Jerusalem
         1) fruitful hill – the land Canaan (a land flowing with milk and honey) the Promised Land
         2) the Lord fenced this vineyard in, which refers to a wall of a partition which involves Mosaic Law
         3) God gathered the stones out of the vineyard involved removal of the heathen [Joshua]
         4) God planted the vineyard with the choicest vine – with a Covenant Nation that new Him [Jer. 2:21]
         5) He built a tower in His vineyard – in the mountain vineyards there were watch towers to protect them from thieves and wild animals and this refers to the
             prophets, priests, kings…because of the sin of the kings more so of Northern Israel, this tower began to degenerate…
         6) God built a winepress – a winepress was a large hollow stone that was cemented into the ground, in
             which the grapes were trodden out and the juices were gathered…this is a beautiful example of what the Temple is and we identify the winepress with the  
             Temple…
- now after planting the vineyard with such good care, God could and should expect much good fruit…He could do nothing more…
- year after year God would go to this vineyard but the fruit was bad—note the vineyard was not unfruitful, the fruit was bad
- God is disappointed in this vineyard…
[vv. 3-4] – God is speaking here and He brings Judah and Jerusalem together for judgment…the fact that the guilty must pass judgment and be condemned by their own mouth and conscience is a principle that is found again and again in scriptures [Rom]
[vv. 5-7] – these verses are a prediction of the breaking down when Christ died on the cross…at that time the Law was not abolished, since [Gal. 3:24] the Law was never meant to be our savior, but a tool to lead us to Christ…
- after Christ death on the cross, Israel was dispersed among all the nations and the vicious animals of the world began to devour the vineyard, this devouring of the vineyard; this anti-Semetic attitude is still prevalent today; according to the Word of God [Rev., Is.] speak of the punishments that come upon unfaithful Israel…the devouring ends after the time of the Gentiles is concluded…
[v. 7] see [Matt. 20:1-15; 21:28; Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9-18]
[vv. 8-25] – Isaiah declares six woes against the people: six in scripture refers to fallen man.
         1) [vv. 8-10] – is to the greedy rich in Judah who are more concerned about wealth than they are about justice and righteousness [I Tim. 6:10] – it is the love of
             money, not money, that is the root of all evil
         2) [vv. 11-17] – is against revelry, partying, drunkenness…these folk did not get up in the morning to go to work, but to consume strong drink… [Proverbs 23:31-32]
           – note 2 things about the wine:
              #1 its red, and we know that red is the color of the devil - #2 red is symbolic of evil
          - its red, in other words, its appealing, but at the last it biteth like a serpent – of course you know that the serpent refers to the devil and so there is a definite
             connection between the wine and satan…
          - along with this wine was the luxury and luxury is what is known as refined wantonness and sensuality-see also v. 14 and in v. 12 he isn’t saying that music is bad;
            music is not bad when used for the Lord, but oftentimes when it isn’t used for the Lord it is used to promote and associated with over indulgence with wine and
            sensuality…and v.14 describes how hell opens here mouth and swallows
              these people whole…[ex. Korah – Num. 16:1-40]
         3) [vv. 18-19] – is to the brazen scoffers and these verses point out that these are hardened sinners who 
              have had their consciences seared as the Word of God says with a hot iron…[I Time. 4:2] not till one
              has sunk as low as these people does he dare to mock or scoff at the Word of God [2 Pt. 3:4]
         4) [v. 20] – spiritually blind situation ethics (the end justifies the means) anyone who would call light
              darkness and darkness light is a blind person
         5) [v. 21] – against conceited people
         6) [vv. 22-25] – is against cowardly leaders
          - whether in the political realm or in the church
[vv. 26-30] – there is no doubt that what Is. is seeing here is the army of the Assyrians coming against the Northern Kingdom of Israel; but the final fulfillment of these words (this is a double reference prophecy) does not come to pass until the advance of the terrible armies of Gog and Magog at the time of Israel’s initial restoration after the Rapture of the church; after the Tribulation. The Lord of hosts is he who plants his ensign…
 
Chapter 6
[vv. 1-7] – these verses described Isaiah’s call to the ministry – for more on [v.1] listen to the tape
- the word seraphims means those who burn away sin and the seraphims stood above the throne [v.2]; while the cheriubim [Ez. 1:5] the bearers of God’s Throne; their activities are different, the cheribum always carry out judgment and justice [Gen. 3; Ps. 18; Ez. 10], while the seraphims sing praises to God and remove sin by the fire of the altar and engage in peace
[v. 8] – Isaiah says I will go…
[vv. 9-10] – this is Isaiah’s mandate of ministry – the Lord says you go and you tell those people what they need to hear, that they need to turn from their wicked ways [2 Chron. 7:14] God bless the work of those who will go into the field…
[vv. 11-13] – again points to the fact that God promised that there will be a remnant – but we need to note that God does not give Isaiah the full disclosure of Israel’s hardening and temporary blindness…
 
Chapter 7
[v.1] – to understand the historical background of this chapter read 2 Kings 16; 2 Chronicles 28 carefully…it is here that we read about the reign wicked King Ahaz…
[vv. 10-16] – here we learn that King Ahaz was allowed by God to ask a sign…now, God was remembering His people and His house, Israel and He wanted to keep Ahaz from an immoral alliance with Assyria which would result in tragedy and misery for the nation…
- for this reason He made is very simple for Ahax to believe in Him, hw was allowed to ask for a miraculous sign from God (we are not to be sign seekers) but God here is willing to tell Ahaz, I know your not a believer ask for a sign
[v.12] – Ahaz had no faith in God’s promise and no desire to have God help him. For he had already put his trust in Assyria and the king of Assyria and for that reason a spectacular sign from God would not please him. So God says, I will give you a sign.
[v. 14] – the virgin birth of Christ is one of the foundational doctrines of the church. This is a messianic prophecy only; it is not a double reference prophecy.
[vv. 15-16] – Christ would be raised in the simplest rural manner until e comes to the years of His discretion…
 
Chapter 8 – The Sign of Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz
[vv. 1-4] – the compliment the sign given in [Is. 7:14]. Isaiah was commanded to offer a sign to Ahaz and his people that would be in the near present and instant reality…he had to take a huge roll and write on it with a letter type the people could (haste, the spoil and rush on the prey) these are the same words as the name of the baby in v.3, Maher-shalal-hash-baz, and Isaiah did this in front of the two credible witnesses found in [v.1].
- the son born to Isaiah received this name and before his could say, mommy or daddy; the 2 allied powers which still threatened Judah would become the prey of the king of Assyria and that was literally fulfilled in [2 Kings 16:9; 17:1-6] , so you see God is driving a point home to Ahaz – I’m showing you don’t align yourself with the wicked powers, I’m going to do something with this nation. (Judah)…
- Ahaz needed God, not Assyria…
[vv. 7-8] – the strong and mighty waters of Assyria are shown here are flooding the Euphrates and taking and covering Judah to the neck because Judah chose not to trust in God, but in foreign powers…
[vv. 9-10] – these 2 verses depict spiritism (times of desperation), such as world wars are when people often consult the dead for the living
[ex. King Saul – I Sam. 28] – spiritism increases with poverty and inflation
- spiritists in their pride pretend that they can replace religion and the God of all nations; this is still the proud pretense of spiritism today…it offers itself as the true religion of the world as it unites all people and seeks to replace all religions, according to New Age ideaology…
[vv. 21-22] – these verses give a gripping description of the apostates who have departed from the Word of God…they wander about [Jude v. 13] from one place to another and hunger; yet in their oppressions and hunger they will not turn to God…there is not Light in them, they refuse to see the light [Jn. 3] you have to be born again
 
Chapter 9
[vv. 1-2] [cf. Matt. 4:12-16]
- in [v. 1] Is. is referring to the ravaged areas whose inhabitants would be the first ones carried off into captivity by Assyria…
- lightly afflicted means they were depopulated; and that’s why it please the Lord to let the Light of Christ shine there first, this was fulfilled in [Matt. 4:12-16]
- nevertheless, this may not be the final fulfillment, according to the following context there will come a final fulfillment at a latter time
 The Millenial Reign of Christ
[vv. 3-5] – Israel’s deliverance will be so great that only Israel’s deliverance from Midian by Gideon    [Judges 7] will at some extent explain it…the part of [v. 5] does not refer to past, present, but to the future; it contains a prophecy that all the armaments will be burned with fire [Is. 2:4; Micah 4:3]
[v. 6] – Sermon Outline
   Title – Five Famous Names
   1) Wonderful – means miracle or miracle workers – [Jn. 21:25]
   2) Counselor – this is a counselor who has a deliberate perfect plan [Is. 61:1-3]
   3) The Mighty God – El-Gibbor – it means the mighty warrior God, but is means more than that, it means     the Hero God…
   4) The Everlasting Father- that speaks about the perpetuity of Jesus Christ, His eternal power; His eternal       blessings
   5) The Prince of Peace – the only One who can give true peace much to the chagrin of Dominion        Theologists (post – dispensationalists), but until the Millennial Reign of Christ, we will not usher in the     peace, Jesus will.
[vv 8-12] – this is known as the sermon or speech of the Outstretched Hand, and this sermon is addressed to Northern Israel, who expected golden returns from their alliance with Rezin
[vv. 13-17] – the second [part of this sermon contains a description on the destruction of the enemies of Ephraim…the leaders who led the people astray would be completely destroyed…and again this section end with the somber refrain found in the last sentence of [v. 17]
- scripture means 3 kinds of God stretching out His hand;
   1) protection
   2) invitation
   3) judgment
- in Is. it is in the last meaning – judgment
 
Chapter 10
[vv. 1-4] – the picture of the moral corruption of Ephraim is completed by pointing out that the judges of the country were guilty of all kinds of extortion, oppression, bribery against the poor, widows, orphans, and the faithful prophets were always battling these people…
 
[vv. 5:34] – prophecy of God’s providential use of Assyria and Assyria’s punishment
[vv. 8-12] – these verses point to the arrogance of the Assyrian king and [v. 12] points to the Biblical truth that pride goeth before a fall; as God says He will bring down the Assyrian’s…and [v. 13] elaborates on this pride…13 in biblical numerics is the number of rebellion…
[v. 17] – the Light of Israel is Jesus Christ [Hosea 14] [Rev. 19]
[vv. 19-23] – here is a striking contrast between 2 different remnants. [v. 19] points to the remnant of Assyria that survived an all consuming forest fire, this metaphor of consummation often appears in Is. the trees of the proud woods will be so few that a little child can count and write them down. This remnant of this world power has no future…
- it ill be entirely different from the remnant of Israel
- 3 great things are said about this remnant…
   1) in the future they will no longer trust in him who conquered them as they did in Isaiah’s day; in other
       words, they will no longer trust in foreign powers
   2) the remnant will return from exile
   3) the consummation will overflow with righteousness; which means that Zion will be redeemed with
       judgment…
[vv. 24-27] – these verses explain that God will deliver His people…Christ will in one day will inflict an absolute, crushing defeat on the anti-christ, the false prophet, satan, all the anti-christian powers at the end of time…ever oppressive and shameful yoke will be put off God’s people through the power of Christ…
 
Chapter 11 – Prophecy Regarding the Messiah and the Millenial Reign of Christ
[vv. 1-3] – indicated here are the origin, the seven –fold spirit, and the fees of the prince of peace  cf. [Lk. 1:33]
- the elements in [v.2] remind us of the seven pronged golden lampstand that was in the Tabernacle…the candlestick had one central stem around which were formed 3 to the left and 3 to the right…similarly in this text of names of the spirit are grouped around the central stem formed on the words – And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him…taken as a whole those words express that the Spirit rests on Him; fills Him; and permeates Him in unlimited power with all the gifts and powers in operation…he is anointed above all else…
[vv. 4-5] – He will judge according to the heart [Rev. 19] goes along with these words, “smite the earth with the rod of His mouth” the Mighty Word of God
[vv. 6-10] – point to the fact that Christ will restore everything to a state that is better than the days of Adam and Eve
[vv. 11-16] – this restoration coincides with the Prince of Peace reign over all the nations; it cannot refer to the first return from exile, for it emphatically states that the Lord shall gather His people from exile not the 1st time, but the 2nd time…never before has there been a gathering of the peoples of Israel as is described here
- and the uniting of Ephraim and Judah can never be explained as referring to the church…it refers only to Israel…[vv. 14-16] point to the miracles in judgment which will accompany Israel’s exaltation above all the nations during the millennial reign of Christ…
 
Chapter 12 – Basically a Thanksgiving Praise to God
a) [vv. 1-3] – restored Israel gives thanks for deliverance…in [v.1] God is not thanked for His anger, but that His anger is now past…the nation that was once so sinful now glorifies the Lord and His amazing grace... [v. 3] salvation comes to Israel, it is a verse of prophecy of Christ [Is. 55:1] as the fountain of life             [Jn. 7:37; 6:35, 54; Rev. 22:12]
- His blessings in the natural and spiritual realms are called the wells of salvation
b) [vv. 4-6] – restored Israel calls upon all the nations to give thanks…
- not only to give thanks but to preach, sing psalms, pray, and praise the Lord [Ps. 150:6] 
 
Ch. 13-23 – see syllabus for definition of these chapters…the main idea behind all these chapters is that God will bring down all these heathen nations and exalt His people…we must view these nations as every nation that has ever opposed God…the destruction of these nations usually results in the restoration of Israel, when the Times of the Gentiles is past all Israel will be saved.
 
Chapter 13
[vv. 1-4] – in these verses there is a divine mobilization against Babylon, he mentions this banner, and this banner is a reference to what they would do in days of old…in days of old the sign for war was given by the erection of banners during the day and the burning of a signed fire on the tops of the high bare mountains at night…
[v. 3] – these sanctified ones are the dedicated soldiers of the army of the Medes and Persians who would eventually advance on Babylon…God in His anger has summoned His warriors from the Medes and Persians and these warriors are His because He will use them as a rod of correction against Babylon…
[vv. 19-22] – according to scripture Babylon was the glory of all kingdoms [Is. 14:4; Jer,. 51:1-3; 41; Dan. 2] – the question is has this prophecy been completed? No…at the destruction of Babylon the entire land was not destroyed [13:5] nor did the day of the Lord come [13:6] – at that time the heavenly lights were not darkened [v. 10] and Babylon has never been overthrown like Sodom and Gomorrah [v. 19]; the Lord did not give rest to Jacob and the whose earth [14:1-7] and there has never been a king of Babylon as described by [Is. 14:4-4] on this basis alone it is to be considered probable that in the end time Babylon will be restored once again…[Rev. 18]
[v. 21] – satyrs is another name for demons
 
Chapter 14 – Satan & one of his five falls
[vv. 3-6] – who is this king, Is, is speaking about? Nebuchadnezzar must be included in some of this, but in no way does it apply totally to him, because the powerful terms used here no way apply to the fall of Nebuchadnezzar, for at that time the staff of the wicked and the scepter of the rulers were not broken…
[v. 2] – the words here will literally take place at the return of Jesus Christ and for this reason the downfall of the great and abominable king of Babylon, (the 1st beast described in Rev. 13; the head of the restored Roman empire, the little horn of Dan. 7 or the antichrist is described here…so Nebuchadnezzar would be a type of antichrist…
[vv. 10-15] – from this picture it is evident that hell is the place of punishment and hell in the sense of the grave; there is more to it than just in the sense of the grave; hell is the place of punishment, it is the pit…from these verses we can see what it would be like one day to be in the company of the lost; the wicked who flattery each other here on earth will hate each other in hell; it will be place where all masks and any semblance of order will be discarded and there will be complete torment and unbearable torture as plainly described by Jesus Christ…
- these verses deal with satan [Lk. 10:18; Rev. 12:9; 20:1-10] [v. 13] points to pride as being the cause of satan’s fall as do [Ez. 28] – he did not want to become merely like God, he wanted to surpass God [v. 14]
- no one is equal to God; to be equal to God you’d have to remove God from His Throne…so we can see that there are powerful statements that satan is making…
Learning about our adversary satan…
[Gen. 1:1-2] – the instructor is dealing with a gap between Gen. 1:1 & 1:2 the Bible does not say much about the first creation, in [Jer. 4:23] we find that it was a fruitful place and it had cities in it [Jer. 4:26]
- in Ezekiel we find that Lucifer was in a position of authority in which to work, yet let’s establish what few facts we do have…
[Job 38] – God is talking with Job about creation in [v. 4] of that chapter God mentions about laying the foundations of the earth, so this section in [Job 39] goes back to [Gen. 1:1] – now, look at [v. 7] of [Job 38] – this verse mentions stars singing and the sons of God shouting; in the OT, the sons of God are angels [Job 1:6, 2:1] throughout the Bible stars can represent angels [Rev. 9:1] – angels were present when the very foundation of the earth was laid [Job 38:7]
What about satan and demons? Before satan became satan, he was Lucifer, God’s most perfect creation, the sum of beauty and wisdom [Ez. 28:12] Lucifer was a specific kind of angel, (a cherub) [Ez. 28:14] he was an anointed cherub; he is called the covering cherub, according to [Ez. 28:14] he covered the (holy mountain of God, occurs 16x in the Bible and it refers to Jerusalem and possibly according to [Is. 65:25] the entire earth
- the Bible also says he was in the Garden of Eden [Ez. 28:13] – he also walked in the midst of the stones of fire, we don’t know for sure but possibly this means the center of the earth since the earth is composed of molten stones as it could literally be the planets themselves, in any case, Lucifer ruled from the earth, however we also found him in the Garden of God, Eden; it was recreated after [Gen. 1:1] on this earth. Therefore, knowing that Lucifer ruled and had a throne according to [Is. 14:13] from the holy mountain of God, knowing that he was in Eden, and that Eden was on earth, we can guess that Lucifer was the ruler on this earth and that makes sense for [2 Cor. 4:4] calls him the god of this world; on this earth with Lucifer as ruler, the angels lived in cities [Jer. 4:26] [Jn. 14:2] – since the angels that now serve God live in a city, in heaven… it would make sense that the angels who lived on earth during this time also lived in cities; these cities were destroyed by the flood of [Gen. 1:2] – why was the earth destroyed? Because of Lucifer’s pride, he lost his authority (Ez. 28:17)
[Is. 14:13] – his kingdom, which was the earth sank into the waters below it
[Ps. 136:6] – one third of the angels, according Rev. 12, chose to rebel along with satan…we know, that Rev. 12 is a future event; however Jesus said, that hell was prepared [Matt. 25] for the devil and his angels, therefore at the time Jesus spoke this, hell was already in existence and satan already had some fallen angels following him…the account in Revelation merely states he took his followers down to earth, this does not exclude the possibility that they were already serving him the first and second heavens, from these facts the probability exists that Lucifer ruled the angels of God from here to earth, that is a pre-Adamic race of angels, he rebelled through pride and took 1/3 of the angels with him and these angels became demons, that the cities and habitation of the first earth were destroyed in the flood of [Gen. 1:2], that Lucifer because satan the adversary of God and of believers…this would explain much of the gap between Gen. 1:1 & 1:2 and why there was a need to re-create the earth on which we now live or what we call the 2nd earth…in order to understand this, we need to understand that satan had more than one fall, in fact had five falls…
   1) he fell from the 3rd heaven where earth was to the 2nd heaven [Is. 14, Job 41, Ez. 28]
   2) is the fall from the 2nd heaven to the 1st heaven [Lk. 10:18] [Eph. 2:2]
   3) is from the 1st heaven (atmosphere) to the earth (and this is not yet complete) [Rev. 12:9]
   4) is from the earth to the bottomless pit [Rev. 20:2]
   5) is from the bottomless pit to the lake of fire [Rev. 20:10]
[vv. 16-23] – these verses are references to hell and satan going into the pit…
[vv. 28: 32] – this is a prophecy against the Philistines and these are the Palestinians of today – the name Palestine is derived from the country of the Philistine – the main thought behind these verses is that the Philistines must not rejoice in the downfall of David’s house for one day they will be destroyed by it and the purpose is to warn against an alliance with the Philistines to protect against Assyria
- the cockatrice is King Hezekiah who subjugated the Philistines and the flying serpent is the Messiah who does the damage to the Palestinians, the broken rod is the deep decline of David’s house
- the mighty Uzziah had beaten the Philistine’s severely [2 Chron. 26:6] and his death must have brought great joy to the Philistines, now that Ahaz had died and his successor was a mere boy, this must have increased their joy, but from the root of the serpent, that deeply degenerated house, a cockatrice would come forth, this refers to King Hezekiah who smote them more than his grandfather Uzziah [2 Kinds 18:8] - Christ will do even more to them
- in the desert Christ was referred to as a serpent [Num. 21:9; John 3:14] the serpent is the symbol of that curse and is represented as the punitive justice to all nations that hate Israel – again we are talking about retribution on the nations that came against Israel…
 
Isaiah 15 – Prophecy against the Moabites
- Isaiah speaks in a powerful way that destruction is coming on the land of Moab
 
Isaiah 16
[vv. 4-5] – according to the nature and those predictions, the spoiler he is thinking about is the man of sin or the antichrist; the oppressor to be the last king from the north usually indicated as the king of Assyria, the spoiling will be the last 3 ½ yrs. of the Great Tribulation and the oppressors will be the armies of God as Armageddon…the reason the oppressors are consumer out of the land is given in [v. 5] – which refers to the Messiah coming against the antichrist and ushering in the millennial rule…
 
[Num. 24:17] – in order to understand Is. 15 & 16 one has to return to the messianic prophecy of [Num. 24:17] – for what was indicated there is further developed in [v. 5] of this chapter 16, one day the Moabites will have to meet Christ seated on the throne of David in Jerusalem…[v. 14] further drives this point home…
 
Chapter 17 – deals with Damascus and Ephraim
[vv. 1-3] – the judgment that will strike Damascus is that is will be a ruinous help; this prediction has yet to be fulfilled, for in Jeremiah’s day it was a flourishing city; even today it is said of Damascus that it is the oldest city in the world [Rev. 16:19]
[vv. 4-6] – this is dealing with the ten tribes during the Great Tribulation, we are to think of the days of Jacob’s Trouble – still there will be a remnant of faithful Jesus
 
Chapter 18 – deals with Israel’s restoration
- the main thought of [Is. 18] is that Egypt and Ethiopia who were practically one nation at the time of Isaiah, are not sending presents and ambassadors to Judah to draw her deceitfully into world politics, this angers Isaiah and he calls out an irony to those strange ambassadors to go to the people who being scattered and peeled themselves cannot offer help; one day after the judgment of the nations, the nations will in truth bring presents to Jehovah in Zion…
 
Chapter 19 – contains a prophecy against Egypt
[v.1] – besides the Hole hand (Canaan) there is no other country that appears so often in Scripture as Egypt, this is because Israel lived there for over 400 years and was brought out of it with a strong hand…also it is because Egypt is the symbol of world power in general and the house of bondage from which God’s people must be delivered
[v.2] – this is obviously a civil war as a result of God’s judgment …when God wishes to destroy a nation He has several means and one of those means is using brother against brother (civil war)…we need to remember that all things are to exist in Christ, for outside of Him there is not true unity…
[vv. 5-10] – the sec. mentioned here is the Nile River, the prosperity of Egypt depends upon the Nile River, the annual flooding of the Nile supplies Egypt with a layer of silt, so that the Nile supplies the necessity of moisture and fertilizer to Egypt; even if the flooding skipped for 1 yr. there would be scarcity and famine in Egypt…these verses predict the drying up of the Nile causing the farmers and fishermen to mourn…the other result is the little water left in the Nile would stand in pools and cause stench and sickness and would be totally unfit for drinking…
[vv. 11-14] – the wisdom of the Egyptians was well known in those days…now, the world has actually only 2 thing power and wisdom, both of these things will one day perish from Egypt, as they will also perish from the whole world forever…Egypt only had demonic wisdom and this wisdom is foolishness to God…Egypt in Scripture is also a type of world power that which is ungodliness…
[vv. 16-17] – we see Egypt will have no courage in that terrible Day of the Lord
[vv. 18-19] – the good news…at one time before Pharaoh according to Egyptology, the Egyptians worshipped the one true God and that is why [v. 22] says that they will return to the Lord…you see, you can’t repent or turn back to God unless you knew God…these verses speak about the conversion of Egypt…
- the blood of the Lamb will be known in Egypt…God is going to allow the Egyptians to sacrifice and this blood is going to point back to the previous blood of Christ
[vv. 23-25] – speak briefly of the conversion of Assyria, Egypt, Israel these nation which were at war with each other will live at peace during the Millennial Reign…
 
Chapter 21 – contains 2 burden against 1st Babylon; 2nd Edom; 3rd Arabia
[vv. 1-2] – all 3 burdens contain; have in common that they are indrected by symbolic names – to understand this burden correctly you need to take the time to read [Is. 50 & 51] & [Rev. 17 & 18]
Why does Isaiah refer to Babylon as “the burden of the desert of the sea”? because it was spiritually barren and it was the place where demons skipped and danced and did the work of satan; it was situated on the Ephrates river a sea of water; but the word sea is metaphorical here speaking about the sea of nations [Rev. 13:1; 17:5] – to view this John had to be taken to the spiritual desert where he saw it sinning upon many waters or nations…
Babylon’s fall set Israel free – the last part of v.2 refers to that and Ezra Ch. 1 shows that Cyrus’s first act was to set Israel free.
[vv. 6-9] – this is Isaiah set as a watchman and he tells what he saw on his prophetic watchtower – in Scripture the prophets are often compared to watchmen who guard the city at night
 
Chapter 22 – Prophecy against Jerusalem
- this is also known as the burden of the valley of vision…
[vv. 1-3] – [2 Kings. 18, 19; 2 Chron. 32; Is. 36, 37]
[vv. 5-8] – in these verses Isaiah motivates his grief even more. It is the day of the Lord which vividly points to the future Great Tribulation
[vv. 12-14] – all precautionary measures avail to nothing if there is no humbling before the face of God, they are crying out strengthen the wall, run to the mountain, but there concerned only about partying, saying [v. 13] “let us eat and drink; for tomorrow we shall die” thereby, (even today when folk say it) proclaiming judgment on themselves…
[vv. 15-19] – Shebna, must have been a foreigner living in Jerusalem and he was an unbeliever for he must have heard from Is. that the people would be carried away into exile; but by hewing out a sepulcher for himself in the city he showed that he refused to believe it; he’s further depicted as a proud man…he was a prominent officer of the palace and his high office brought him great responsibility, but he had a loftier idea of himself than just of his responsibility…Shebna is a type of antichrist because the antichrist at the last siege of Jerusalem will refuse to accept that he will be destroyed by Jesus Christ [Rev. 19]
[vv. 20-25] – Eliakim is a type of Christ…Eliakin overthrew Shebna and Christ will overthrow the antichrist…Christ is the nail that is in a sore place…it means that his reign will be a lasting reign…let’s parallel [v. 22] with [Rev. 3:7] – Christ is the one who has the true key of David…
 
Chapter 23 – Prophecy against Tyre
- this chapter ties back in with Is. 14 that talked about satan…it deals with the fall of Tyre…and the king of Tyre represents satan, this is clear from [Ez. 28:11-19]; Christ however, will defeat satan’s kingdom and Tyre will be restored [vv. 17-18]
 
Main theme of these chapter is the total destruction of all the wicked worldly power and all their knowledge and culture and that Christ kingdom will rise…
 
Ch. 24-27 – The Little Apocalypse
Amillenialism – does not believe in actual, literal millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth that will last 1000. They believe that the OT predictions of a kingdom were fulfilled in a non-literal way either in the present church age or the experience of the church in heaven, as a result they look at prophetic scriptures allegorically. Most amillenial students do not recognize a distinction between Israel and the church but argue rather that Israel was the church of the OT and the church is the Israel of the NT – this is one of the major doctrines of Roman Catholicism and the Church of Christ.
Postmillenialism – those that hold this view believe that from the time of Christ first coming that the world was getting better and better and assumed that a millennial kingdom would be established on earth as the world lived in peace; they interpreted the return of Christ as coming at the end or just after the reign of peace…one of the strongest opponents of postmillennialism was Augustus Hopkins Strong who did extensive work in Systematic Theology. This was a prevalent view until WWI; however there is a school that have taken this idea and they call it now Dominion Theology, basically all it is…is social evolution…basically that Christianity will make the world a better place and when it gets good enough then Christ will usher in His millennial kingdom
Premillenialism – it wasn’t always called premillenialism, the term the early church used for it was chiliasm, and it comes from the Greek word meaning 1000, it refers to the Millenial Age. It means that Christ will return literally, physically to rule and reign 1000 yrs. the distinctive feature of chiliasm is that Christ will return before these 1000 yrs. and will characterize His presence and by the exercise of His rightful authority securing and sustaining all the blessings on the earth which are ascribed to that period.
Chiliasm – there are at least 2 lines of proof that claim that premillenial doctrine was held by the early church…first, is the fact that the whole Bible is only harmonized by the Chiliastic interpretation. Second, is the fact that this belief was held by the church because in several passages eigher directly or indirectly revealed to be premillenial [Acts 15: 1-29] especially [Acts 15: 13-18]…
   - this premillenial doctrine continued until about AD 476 was the beginning of the dark ages, up until that point premillenial doctrine was accepted as fact by the early church…
   - in AD 500, the Bishop of Rome, became known as the Pope, there is abundant evidence to prove that up until this time the early church was premillenial… Justin Martyr quote on Tape 5/Side 1
Q. What is the basic difference between pre-millenial and post-millenial doctrine?
   - the only points of difference concern the manner and time of the coming of Jesus Christ…premillenialists say that Christ will come suddenly and personally before the 1000 yes. To usher it in and set up the millennium. The postmillennialists say He will come after the millennium has been affected by the efforts of men…if He comes after the millennium then he will come to a world prepared for Him by the genius of man, that doesn’t sound right, does it? Such an opinion should compel us to think that His return is far removed that its ever been. Why? Because the world is getting to be an evil place…characterized by the worst destruction of mankind that the world has ever known…
Tribulation/ Great Tribulation
- the Tribulation will begin with the rapture of the church and the revealing of the man of sin. A covenant will be made between the antichrist of the men of sin. A covenant will be made between the antichrist and Israel [Dan. 9:27] it will be a promise of peace and security to Israel at that point anti-semetism will be at a minimum.
- the peace that is promised by the antichrist however will not last, it will be broken in 3 ½ yrs. The last 3 ½ yrs. will be known as the Great Tribulation.
- at this point that the world begins to experience 3 series of judgments by God
- There will be a gigantic universal state church that will be in control as the dominant religion advocated by the false prophet, Israel will go through a tremendous time of suffering [Jer. 30: 7]
- Pentecost says that this time will be a time of great wrath and he uses [Zeph. 1:15, 18] to back up his statements, also [I Thess. 1:10; 5: 9] other scriptures [Rev. 6: 16, 17; 11:18; 14:10, 19; 15:1, 7; 16:1, 19], secondly, it is a day of judgment [Rev. 14:7; 15:4; 16:5, 7; 19:2] it is a day of indignation [Rev. 3:10], it’s a day of trouble [Jer. 30:7; Dan 12:1], it’s a day of destruction [Joel 1:15], a day of darkness [Joel 2:2], a day of desolation [Dan. 9:27]
- see also [2 Thess. 2:3, 4; Zeph. 1:14, 15; Is. 24: 20-21] not a single passage can be found that will alleviate the severity of this time upon the earth
- those who refuse to accept Jesus Christ and are allowed to go through the Tribulation (that is they don’t die before this time) will see first handed God’s power and judgment upon the earth…
 
Isaiah Chapter 24
[vv. 1-4] – the theme of these verses that Christ will judge righteously and wipe out those who will not turn to Him. The horror of the Tribulation period will be unspeakable.
- if you count the verbs in [v. 4] used to describe the desolation here is what you find…mourneth; fadeth away; languisheth and fadeth away, and languisheth…these words are not merely words strung together, but they represent a five-fold woe…and five is the number of death in scripture…
[vv. 5-6] – the inhabitants of the earth, have destroyed God’s creation; for that reason God will come to destroy them that destroyed the earth [Rev. 11:18]
- the word therefore in [v.6] connects the disobedience of men to punishment, disobedience turns things upside down, inside out, and evokes the curse of God.
- The prosperity of a nation declines as soon as its inhabitants start turning their backs on God (keep your eyes on the U. S.)
[vv. 7-12] – these verses tell us that even during the wine harvest (which was usually a time of great celebration) there will be no joy…note, the city of Confusion does not refer to Jerusalem, but to the whole world has a large city…
[vv. 13-16] – here it is said that a remnant will return to God of [Is. 17:6] and scripture teaches that there will be a past, present, future remnant. One remnant for Israel, one from the nations…during the Tribulation that come through it. It is from the remnant that the converted nations from the kingdom of peace will originate, hence these verses teach there will be a converted remnant… 
[vv. 17-20] – with these verses Is. returns to God’s terror upon the earth [2 Thess. 1:7-10] [Rev. 19:11]; who is not reminded her of the seals, vials spoken about in Rev…
[vv. 21-23] – to understand these verses correctly we must consult several NT passages [1 Cor. 6:1-8; Eph. 6:10-19; Rev. 20:1-4] – not according to [Eph. 6:12] there is a spiritual wickedness in high places, and this is what is meant by the host of high ones on high…[2 Pt. 1:20] [Rev. 12:9; 19:20; 20:1-3] provide a commentary on the verses that we will judge angels…
 
Isaiah Chapter 25
[vv. 1-5] – the doxology of restored Israel…the Psalmists and Prophets composed many songs that will be sung by Israel when it is converted in the end times [Ps. 46; 67; 96; 100; Is. 12] – here [v. 1] God is praised for all his glorious woks and fulfillment of His Word – [v. 2] – the fall of the future Babylon is to be emphasized here, not Babylon in the past, because Babylon when it was destroyed by Cyrus, the city was not made into a heap…
[vv. 6-9] – this deals with the glory of all the nations in the kingdom of Christ…
- in these verses we’re told what Christ will do on the Day of His Coming unto all nations; what He will take away from them and what, finally, Israel will confess in that day…the salvation of the nations is seen as a feast of fat things…
[vv. 10-12] – Israel’s victory song when Moab (Israel’s fiercest enemy) falls…here Israel is seen singing of victory over all her foes. Moab is said to be threshed down under His feet even as straw is trodden down from the dunghill…
- this expression is peculiar, since wheat is indeed threshed to straw; but not straw manure…but the prophet still has in mind the image he implied to Moab before the treading down of Moab into the water of a manure pit. Now the trodden down straw suddenly becomes a person…who is trying to get out of the manure pit? Moab – God destroys this and all enemies of Israel…
 
 Ch. 26 – the Song of the redeemed during the Millenial Reign of Christ [vv. 1-19]
[vv. 1-7] – the first 4 verses of this chapter sing of the city of Jerusalem of its strength, its walls, it, gates, its righteous inhabitants of the peace and trust that reign within the city walls…
[v. 5] – contrasts with this glorious city of Jerusalem the lofty and proud city was equated with Babylon in [Is. 13] , here again it is equated with spiritual Babylon that took place during the Tribulation period…
[vv. 8-10] – in order to understand these verses, we need to understand that Israel had a different expectation than the Church of Jesus Christ…[Ti. 2:13; I Thess 4: 13-18] – for more see syllabus
[v. 10] – the latter part of this verse only goes to prove that the heart of man is evil continually even in the days of the kingdom of peace and we know this to be so because satan is bound for 1000 years at the end of that period when he is loosed for a little season, there is a great rebellion
[vv. 11-18] – the fire of the wrath of Christ will consume His enemies and the enemies of Israel and He will ordain abundant peace for Israel…there will not be true peace for Israel until Christ comes [Rev. 20]
[v. 19] – the resurrection from the dead. There are 5 different theories applied to this verse.
   1) That it is a reference to the general resurrection of the dead…
   2) That it is a prayer that dead Jews might rise again to populate the depopulated land of Israel…
   3) The restoration of Israel which is comparable to a resurrection…
   4) That its, the first resurrection of the deceased saints…
   5) It’s the resurrection of believers from there moral death…
- what is meant in [v. 19] is that the wicked will not rise with the righteous and rule with them in the Millenial Reign…hence, although the word may not be mentioned its emphatically stated, that at this point in time, the first resurrection had already taken place for the people mentioned in this song have not been resurrected yet; their still lying dead in their graves, not will they arise until the end of the kingdom of peace…
- these ones that have not arisen are the wicked…see [Rev. 20: 5-6], the wicked dead will not have dominion on earth during the Millenial Reign as they did prior to that time, during the Tribulation…they remain in their graves until the hour of judgment comes [Rev. 20: 10-15], there will be no saved people judged at the Great White Throne Judgment…
- in [v. 19] where it says “thy dead men shall live” is a reference to those who are the Lord’s who shall have a glorious resurrection in contrast to those mentioned in [v. 14]
- the second sentence of [v. 19] deals again with the wicked dead…
- we see in this verse the difference between the righteous dead and the wicked dead…
[vv. 20-21] – state plainly in “Holy Seriousness” that Israel will go through the Tribulation, but out of this will come the remnant and the kingdom of Christ…
 
Chapter 27
[v. 1] – this is a very significant verse because it deals with the doom of satan…is Leviathan…[Rev. 20:2]
- the first thing we need to understand is that the Word Leviathan means wreathed, which means a writhing twisted serpent [Rev. 12:4] in [Rev. 13:2-4, 11] – we have what is known as the unholy trinity is satan; the antichrist; the false prophet…[Rev. 16:13]
[vv. 2-6] – this in itself is a divine song and in it the Lord, Himself is the vinedresser who in restored Israel has a vineyard that now brings forth good fruit…
- remember, back in [Is. 5] it speaks of the vineyard as a vine bringing forth wild grapes, but here it brings forth good fruit…so he is saying Israel has been cleaned, purged…of course this purging process of Israel takes place during the Tribulation…
- here, this vineyard is worthy of being exalted for God is not only the owner of the vineyard but also its keeper
- the vineyard of the Lord (Israel) after the Tribulation will be so fruitful that it will send out its roots to the end of the earth and will blossom and grow and will in fact fill the earth with its fruit…
- this cannot refer to the church because [v. 6] the word Jacob is used and Jacob means Israel…not the church…so here God is speaking about Israel…some scripture references that prove Israel will be a blessing to the entire world in both the OT and NT are;
[Ps. 67; 102: 15; Rom 11:12-15] – for more on these verses listen to Tape 6 Side 2
[vv. 7-11] – God is saying here in [v. 7] that He has never punished Israel as severely as He has her enemies. While Jerusalem has become desolate through the many dispersions (diasporas) of the Jews, she has deserved this misery; why?
1st – because she joined herself to those in Canaan she was to conquer
         - instead of stamping at the evil of the wicked nations, she joined herself in their deeds, such as temple    
          prostitution
2nd – she rejected her Messiah AD33…
         - so, in the first place, Israel deserved all the misery she had gained and in the second place, all this                    misery was neither the beginning nor the end of Israel’s history…
         - at last the glorious day will come when all of Israel will be gathered and all the nations will worship                Jehovah on the holy mountain in Israel, which takes place during the Millenial Reign…
[vv. 12-13] – in [v. 12] the word beat needs to be taken in the sense of Christ’s judgments upon Israel and all the nations at His coming…according to the greatness of His promises, He will strike the Holy Land from the Euphrates River to the Nile River with the rod of judgment…
- when things are at there darkest Israel’s deliverance will dawn as the prophecy of [Zech. 14:1-4] describes…so judgment is coming, but God is going to deliver Israel…
- Isaiah saw that through all this punishment fruit will be gathered, (that is, the good fruit of Israel)
- [v. 13] refers to the gathering in of the living and elect Jews as [Matt 25:31] this trumpet and the one mentioned in [Is. 18:3] is not the same trumpet as the one mentioned in [1 Cor. 15:52; 1 Thess. 4:16] when the trumpet is blown and those who are Christians at that time are raptured and taken up to meet Christ in the air…here it refers to those ready to perish in the land of Assyria…this appears to refer to the Ten Lost tribes…
- now those tribes may be lost to us; but God knows where they are and in that day He will call them together and bring them to Zion…its wrong an bad theology to take this to the edict of Cyrus or the trumpet of the Gospels…
- this blowing of the Trumpet in [v. 13] is to summon the 10 lost tribes of Israel and Zion, to join together and worship the Lord together… 
 
Chapter 28 – Prediction of Samaria’s fall and a warning to Jerusalem [vv. 1-29]
[vv. 1-6] – in 722 BC, Samaria, which was the Northern Kingdom was conquered and the 10 tribes taken away captive to Assyria…this was Judah’s sister nation…
- if the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem had climbed to the rooftops and observed the sky they would have saw it red with the avenging fire of God’s wrath, when the ivory palace of Samaria were set on fire…
- but Judah failed to heed the warning and walked in the same sins as her sister Samaria, in fact Judah got worse…
- the parable f the two sisters Aholah and Aholibah [Ez. 23] describes this fall in great detail…
- those six verses predict Samaria’s sin, fall and restoration and the first two had been fulfilled 20 years prior to that…
[vv. 7-8] – picture the moral collapse of Judah…these 2 scriptures give a graphic picture of the moral decline of the Southern Kingdom of Judah…Isaiah has pictured before our eyes the drunken debauchery of the spiritual leaders
- morality flows downhill…that is if the pastor of a church is moral the people on an average will tend to be moral, conservative and Godly…
- but here, because the priests were declining in their morals, the people were declining in theirs, so morality always flows downhill…this is why it is so important for spiritual leaders to be moral…
[vv. 9-10] – Judah’s leaders are ridiculing Isaiah, asking who it is he wants to teach, indicating that they are not the least bit interested in the truth he has to teach…they do not want to be instructed by Isaiah…just as many in churches today, do not want to be taught by God’s men today; they choose to go their own way…
- what they are saying is let Isaiah go to the little children, but we don’t want to listen to Isaiah…we see this in the church today where parents send their children to Sunday School, but they don’t come…this is exactly what is happening here…
- Solomon was right when he said there is no knew thing under the sun, for these are the exact same excuses that have been propagated by the heathen through the centuries…
[vv. 11-13] – the prophet is saying here to those who are mocking him, that God will mock them, He will send them enemies whose language will sound like stammering to them. Of course, this is what happened they were taken into captivity far from their native land…
- the way of obedience would have been the way of peace…but they would not hearken unto God…since they would not listen to the Word of God, they would have to groan under the rules and commands of the foreign nations…represented here as stones…
[vv. 14-16] – in their ridicule these people intimated that they did not fear death or hell; these were the same people who earlier in [Is. 22:13] who said, let us eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die; they were like many people today, they’re content with the world and they have a contempt for death, they fail to understand that without Jesus Christ there is not way to be saved…they have an unshakeable optimism (New Age Theology) where they are so certain about their future, they claim this enemy will not come near them. They call this enemy an overflowing seorge, the antichrist…[v. 16] scripture references that proves Christ is the stone [Acts 4:11-12, Rom. 9:33; Eph. 2:19-20; 1 Pt. 2: 6-8]
[vv. 18-22] – the coming of the Lord is indicated by the words rise up in judgment
- during the times of the Gentiles, the Lord is still sitting at the right hand of God, but He arises as soon as He returns to earth…
- Perazim means cleaving; and reminds us of the cleaving or the splitting of the mount of Olives when Christ returns [Zech 14: 4]
[vv. 23-29] – these seven verses are a parable demonstrating the wisdom of God in carrying out His judgments…the Lord in His judging is like a capable farmer who does not keep on plowing and harrowing to break up soil and make it soft and level, for as soon as He has prepared the field with the plow (which is a symbol of judgment) He begins to sow…He plowed and harrowed to sow…
- the judgment of the lord also has a goal and the goal is to sow the world with meek people [Matt. 5:5] who will inherit the earth, that is the goal of judgment…
 
Chapter 29 – The Siege and Deliverance of Ariel (Jerusalem)
[v. 1-2] – Ariel means, “Lion of God or hearth of fire.” – the second cove concerns Ariel, that long ago served as David’s capital…there are 5 woes directed at Jerusalem because of a false hope…religion…politics…covenant…trust…
[vv. 3-8] – [v. 4] poetically points to the great distress of the inhabitants of the city…this has a veiled reference to spiritism…
[vv. 9-14] – this can only be described as moral drunkenness in contrast to the literal drunkenness described in ch. 28…here we are speaking about spiritual drunkenness…the lord has poured out upon them a spirit of deep sleep…
- the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem have been deceiving cawing the people to fall into a spiritual stupor…He sends an evil spirit on them to effect this…and there is absolutely no reason to take this expression figuratively rather than literally…for it is the constant teaching of scripture that there are evil spirits who under the authority of the Lord can even be sent to men such as the Apostle Paul, who said there was a messenger of satan sent o buffet him lest he should be exalted [2 Cor. 12:7], so we know that it is possible…now, we’re not talking about demon possession of Christians here, because that cannot be so; but were speaking about Israel’s leaders, leading them to go astray that they fall spiritually…because of this God will cause the wisdom and understanding of Israel to utterly perish…
[vv. 15-16] – this woe is because of secret politics, it’s the third woe directed against the politics of Egypt…
- the words, seek, hide, and word in the dark point out the secrecy of intrigue within Egypt…many, many secret societies base their teachings from the ancient religious text of Egypt…these are forged from the works of darkness…this proves that the forming of secret societies emerged from a very early, early date
[vv. 17-24] – when will this joy upon joy be given? There are 7 indications
   1) when inhospitable Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field
   2) when the disobedient listen to the word of God
   3) when the blind will see
   4) when the terrible one (satan) will be brought to nothing
   5) when the scorner is consumed
   6) when all righteousness it cut off
   7) when Jacob (Israel) will no longer be ashamed
         - it will have to be when Christ rules and reigns upon this earth…during the Millenial Reign of Christ… 
 
Chapter 30 – Denunciation of Judah’s alliance with Egypt
 - the expression “coverent with a covering” means an alliance; literally it means to pour out water…but this refers to a pouring out of an oblation which is now those were confirmed…
[vv. 6-7] – the south here means the desert between Judah and Egypt which was a dangerous place as described in [v. 6] –
- scripture frequently portrays the desert as the place of the devil and it is wise to take this as a reference to the devil…[Rev. 12:3] describes satan as a red dragon…
- here, this is literally speaking about Egypt; but Egypt in scripture can be used as a type of the world…we should never seek to go to the world, but rather, Trust in the Lord and lean not on our own understanding [Prov. 3:5, 6]…our strength comes from God not from the world; Judah going to Egypt sought the world not God…
[vv. 9-11] – Isaiah must not only publicly expose Judah’s foolishness but he also had to work to write the preceeding text in a book, the latter he didn’t do publicly, but at home…there he sighs a sigh of grief over Judah’s sins…
- note, how he describes them, they are degenerate children who despise their father’s rearing; they refuse to heat the Truth, but decided they would hear lies, (the smooth things) [2 Thess. 2:10-11]
[vv. 12-14] – Isaiah shows he doesn’t give in to the wishes of the people, but shows he is a man who stands and proclaims “Thus saith the Lord” he is not a man who is willing to compromise the Truth…
[vv. 15-17] – the prominent people in Christ time gloried in Abraham and the Law…but they would not; the contemporary of Isaiah gloried in Egypt, but they would not; in both instances it was the corrupt state of their proud heart that made them reject the Word of the Lord…
- during Isaiah’s time they rejected the Word of the Lord; during the Christ’s time they rejected Christ [Matt. 23:37] – they refused to trust God…
- here, they refused to trust, when calamity struck they could always flee on fast horses…se the Lord says, you will indeed use these horses to flee, but your enemies will overtake you on faster horses.
- King Zedekiah, himself, experienced the truth of the these words when he fled on one of the fastest horses in the royal stable. But he was overtaken by the faster enemy horses and had to endure some of the most evil torments…which proves you cannot run away from God
[vv. 19-26] – these are great and exciting verses because Isaiah forgets about the present misery of his people as he is writing to them and he rejoices in the glorious future of Israel…in these verses are the Ten Glories of millennial Israel…
1) the people of Israel will dwell in Zion…
2) the restored people will weep no more…
3) these will be an immediate answer to prayer…
4) before Israel’s deliverance dawns she will have much affliction, shall have to pass through the waters of the Great Tribulation, but she will come out of them…
5) the restored nation will behold her leader and teacher, Jesus Christ
6) Israel will hear and obey Jesus Christ
7) Israel will despise and cast away her former idols [v. 22]
8) the restored nation will have the greatest fertility of her land
9) the land will be so fruitful that even the high mountains and hills will have sufficient water
10) the son and the moon will have 7x their usual strength [Rom. 8:21-26; 2 Pt. 3:13]
[vv. 27-33] – [v. 27] emphatically states that the Lord Jesus Christ cometh from far; He went to a faraway country and now He is coming back for His people…
- His anger burns a scorches ever one that opposes Him…woe unto these nations…[Is. 11:4; 2 Thess. 2:8]
- [v. 31] – points to these cf. [Rev. 11:19; 16:21] – God, through Jesus Christ will pour out His power on the antichrist; it was prepared long ago for the king of the north (Assyria) who like the antichrist will apparently be cast into hell alive…
- here we, have the destruction of the king of the north and the antichrist.
 
Chapter 31
[vv. 1-3] – these verses deal with the folly of twisting in the Egyptians for help…they were only weak, insignificant mortals who were totally powerless to help against the enemy…there horses were flesh, not spirit…and the basic thought of the message is this – God is everything and man is nothing…God is worthy of trust and adoration and man is not worthy of trust because he is transient, temporal, powerless…
- Egyptians were noted for the fine horses and army, but the fact is they were flesh; they were subject to being killed. [Is. 40:6-8]
[vv. 4-9] – these verses depict that it is not Egypt, but God, Himself who is going to protect Israel…certainly this is a most beautiful picture of God delivering Israel after the Tribulation to the faithful remnant who trust in Christ… 
 
Chapter 32 – Prophecy of the Messiah’s Reign
[vv. 1-8] – depict the reign of Christ after Assyria’s fall…
- there are many Bible students who think the king in [v. 1] refers to King Hezekiah, but during his reign there was hardly a hint of all the glory that was promised during the reign of this king
- according to [v. 3] the curse once announced in the occasion of Isaiah’s calling is removed and the tongue of the stammering mockers (those that were mocking Isaiah’s role as a prophet (Is. 28:6-14) will during the reign of this king be willing to speak plainly clearly, distinctly…
- Israel has a nation, her kingship, everything, will be established in unheard of glory; the renewed kingship will be the culmination of this restoration…
- we must not picture the Lord Jesus Christ has a earthly king on an earthly throne who will day in a day out be in one and the same place here below; He will indeed be seen, heard, acknowledged an earth, but references such as [Jer. 30:0; Ex. 34:24; 37:24, 25; 44:3; 45:16, 17; 46:2, 16-18] – teach that He will commit the practical government to King David…Christ will leave the mundane things of His millennial rule to David…now, we are not sure of all that David will do and he will certainly be under the Chief Shepherd as Scripture teaches; but what we do now is that David will reign as co-regent during the Millennium…
[v.2] – depicts the powerful reign of Christ- Jesus is the hiding place described here and we all know the safety and comfort that comes from the resting in Christ
[vv. 3-8] – the results of Christ reign are depicted here, the main idea is that the former judicial blindness and foolishness has been done away with…
[v. 8] – the word liberal here means the noble person…so it is speaking about the noble person devising noble things…
[vv. 9-14] – against the frivolous women…
- Is. here returns to the matters of everyday life…these ladies who were frivolous and fashion conscious had no favorable influence on the moral condition of the people…these women thought they could dress and flaunt themselves as they wanted; they had no idea of the danger that would overtake them with the snare…
- with holy earnestness Is. admonishes them to accept his preaching…
[1 Tim. 2:9-10] – women are admonished in both the Old Covenant and the New Covenant (the dispensation of grace) that they should be modest and dress modestly.
- now that doesn’t mean they can’t dress like they are not in style, they can dress with nice ladylike clothes that are in fashion, but at the same time are not revealing…they should dress with shamefacedness, in other words, a degree of dignity…so that when people look at them they don’t think evil thoughts…
- they are to dress in a way that professes godliness…we should not seek to draw attention to ourselves, but to the Lord Jesus Christ…
[vv. 15-20] – refers to the millennium,…according to [Joel 2:28] the Holy Spirit will be poured out upon all flesh…the Holy Spirit prays for the return of Jesus Christ [Rev. 22:17] –
[vv. 19-20] – [v. 19] means that during the Great Tribulation hail will fall on the proud forest, Assyria will come crashing down on the city the proud world power [Is. 25-26] will be totally debased…the prophets always take great pains to make perfectly clear that the kingdom of peace will never come into being gradually but only after the most terrible of judgments (Tribulation Period)
[v. 20] – produces a blessing on those who will inherit the new earth
 
Chapter 33 – Prophesy of Assyria’s Destruction and Israel’s Deliverance [vv. 1-24]
[v. 1] – by way of contrast to the last verse of [Ch. 32] a woe is pronounced upon Assyria…once again, this prophecy had partial fulfillment in Sennacherib and his defeat, but the real and final fulfillment of Assyria is to be found with the terrible king of the north of the end times – also [v. 8] speaks of the breaking of the covenant by Sennacherib [2 King 18:14-17] – this verse speaks of the unfaithfulness of Sennacherib and the king of the north of the end times…
- the Lord must first use him as the rod of his anger; the day of final reckoning is coming not only to the king of the north, but to all the wicked…
[vv. 2-6] – a special prayer – a prayer of this king was most likely offered when Sennacherib stood before the walls with his army; but in the day of Jacob’s trouble, the God-fearing remnant of Israel will pray this prayer again against her enemies…this a touching supplication for grace…
[vv. 7-9] – we must picture these messengers with their cries the words of [v. 8] – with their cries no one dares to travel anymore for fear of falling into the hands of the cruel enemy…Israel will literally have the go through hell on earth…
[vv. 10-14] – there are several voices speaking in these 5 verses…
- first, the Lord, Himself speaks and he announces that He is arising into battle…[Ps. 68:1]
- secondly, Christ addresses the enemy and with crushing irony he compares the enemies who were full of plans against Israel, to people who conceived chaff, straw and brought forth stubble…[Is. 26:18]
- straw, hay, stubble, chaff in scripture refers to that which is worthless…
[v. 13] – God admonishes the faraway nations to give heed to His might acts
[v. 14] – when Christ rises in judgment the wicked in Zion will be seized with terror; now we’re not dealing with beneficial fear; but with a fearfulness that will befall the unfaithful when beholding the person of Christ
- this sight will be so unbearable to the wicked that they will pray to the mountains to hide them [Rev. 6:15, 16]
[reread v. 14-16] – this is important because it asks a significant question, we believe that this question will be asked in the day when Christ reveals His overwhelming majesty in Jerusalem – see these scriptures [Hosea 10:8; Mal. 3:2; 4:1; Rev. 9:6] – Is. does not fail to give the correct answer to this question – it is possible to stand before the Son of God [Lk. 21:36] in his answer the prophet enumerates a series of virtue that reminds us of a righteous man [Ps. 15] – the person that can stand before God honorably does these things…
(Good sermon on Holiness)
#1 – walks righteously         #2 – speaks uprightly              #3 – he despises the gain of oppressions
#4 – he disdainly shakes his hand from receiving bribes     #5 he stops his ears from listening to bloody plans
#6 – he shuts his eyes from seeing evil…that is the righteous peron-
[vv. 17-24] – The beauty of King Jesus…these verses are parallel to [Matt. 5:6,7; Jer. 31:31-34] – the city of the king here is depicted as an impregnable fortress surrounded by water, no ship of the enemy can penetrate it…[v. 23]
- the reason for the invincibility of restored Israel lies in Jesus Christ 
 
Prophecies of the Day of the Lord and of the Blessings of the Millennium
 
Chapter 34
[vv. 1-4] – The end of the world…that is what these verses deal with…
- and in this all the nations of the world are summoned together to give heed to the great acts of judgment of the Lord…
- the Lord will perform dreadful and terrible things among the nations, so that it will be of the utmost importance to pay heed to them and to behold the superior majesty of God among all the nations that mocked are God.
- the reason this summons is given; is the Lord’s indignation is poured out upon all the nations and his flaming fury upon all their armies and upon all their culture…
Let’s deal with that word culture for a moment because we live in a world and especially in a country that revolves around culture and entertainment – [Rev. 18] vv. 21-22]
- note that the first part of these terrible judgments upon Babylon are against the harpers, musicians, pipers, trumpeters; this group of four is the world of entertainment…God is going to crush the world of sensual entertainment of the New World Order through Jesus Christ…
- we live in a world that revolves around entertainment, so this is very important…He’ll utterly destroy them; He has assigned them to the curse of hell and the number of the slain will be so great that they are not buried but cast out in great heaps just as [Is. 34:3] states… now go to [Is. 63:3] [Rev. 14:20] as we parallel these verses we see that this is just showing the intensity of the judgment…therefore, the description in [v. 4] must be taken literally and yet with an eye toward the imagery given in this verse see [Matt. 24:29; Rev. 6:12-14] finally the judgment will be complete and it will be all encompassing not in these 4 verses the word all is used 6x and 6 is the number of men, man will be completely punished because of his wickedness…
- the host of heaven [v. 4] that will be discussed is speaking of the spiritual wickedness in high places [Eph. 6:12; Rev. 12:7-9; 20:1-8]
[vv. 5-8] – the judgment upon Edom as a type of anti-Semitic world power
- Edom was the sister nation to Jerusalem (Judah) but it hated Judah more than any other nation, sort of like a spiritual sibling rivalry and throughout all history we see this constant battle between Edom and Israel…it is for this reason that Edom is presented as representative of all the nations that despised and hated the Jews..[v. 8] gives the reason they God’s judgment comes and will strike without regards to respect of persons to the enemies of Israel…
[vv. 9-15] – the total destruction of the land of the Edomites…
- these verses contain 2 representations of the destruction of Edom; the first one [vv. 9-10] alludes to the total annihilation of Sodom and Gomorrah – it seems that during the Millennium (we’re not sure about this) there will be places on earth that will remind the inhabitants of the earth of the abominations of mankind and the judgments of God…we need to remember that after the Millennial Reign of Christ there is a rebellion on earth [Is. 66:24; Ez. 47:11] so there is this possibly second representation is that of a howling wilderness as the land of Edom has been for centuries; a place inhabited by hideous unclean demon spirits…
[vv. 16-17] – Edom is a type of total annihilation…
- the book of the lord referred to here is all of God’s Word according to what He has said regarding the judgment of the Edomites…
 
Chapter 35 – the Blessings of the Millennium [vv. 1-10]
See syllabus and listen to Tape 8/ Side 2
Scriptures concerning the blessings of Millennial Israel
[Jer. 31:4-7, 12, 14, 17, 27-28, 31-37; 32-33; Zech. 8:23; Ps. 67; Micah 4:8; Zeph. 3:17; Mal. 3:12; Rom. 11] 
 
TRANSITIONAL CHAPTERS – 36-39
- these are cross-referenced to [2 Kings. 18:13-20; 19; 2 Chron. 32]
 
Chapter 36
[vv. 1-11] – Rabshakeh’s taunting of Hezekiah and God…
A little bit about Hezekiah
- at first, he was a very courageous king who did all he could with the help of his people to ward off the Assyrians; but afterward, he, as it were lost courage.
- Hezekiah’s name means “the Lord is my strength” – 13th king of Judah born the son of Ahaz who was an ungodly man, but his son (Hezekiah) was a godly man
-[2 Kings. 18:4] – Hezekiah decisively and courageously initiated numerous spiritual reforms in Judah…
- in the 1st month of his reign he reopened the Temple Doors, his father had closed; he assembled the priests, the Levites to commission them to sanctify themselves for service and to cleanse the Temple [2 Chron. 29:3-36]
- Hezekiah had a golden opportunity to re-unite the Northern Tribes with the Southern Tribe…the North had fallen to Assyria around 721-722 BC and Hezekiah invited the remnant of the people to come to Jerusalem to celebrate in the greatest feast of Israel the Passover…some of the Northern Tribes mocked Hezekiah for this invitation but most of them [2 Chron. 30:1-27] responded favorably…his reformation to join North and South back, though not successful reached beyond Jerusalem to include the cleansing of the land and extended even to the tribes of Benjamin, Ephraim, Mannaseh; up until this time the land had never undergone such a cleansing…
[vv. 2-3] – Rabshakeh means chief cup bearer…[2 Kgs. 18:17] – Tartan, Rabsarus, Rabshakeh appeared by the mouth of Rabshakeh to mock the Lord on the very same spot where Ahaz (Hezekiah’s father) mocked God [Is. 7]
[4-10] – Rabshakeh is not only mocking Hezekiah’s trust in God, but he is also mocking Judah’s trust in the land of Egypt…we get the impression that Rabshakeh was not only a sly person, but a wise person, he first attacks Hezekiah in regards to his politics, then with respect to his faith in God…he obviously knows more about the Hebrew religion and Hezekiah’s trust in God of such importance that he returns to Hezekiah’s faith in God 4 times, this was the man issue at stake…this is why Rabshakeh says God told him to attack Hezekiah…and the foolish people could be attacked this way…
- people who are not grounded in the Word of God are easily swayed; the longest chapter in the Bible (Ps. 119) in those 176 verses the Psalmist refers to God’s law, statutes, commandments, words, judgments, precepts, a very important that God gives that speaks about the importance of the Word of God – know the Word of God [Matt. 4:1-11]
[v. 11] – Rabshakeh spoke in Hebrew so could be understood by all the ignorant people on the wall, it was his way of becoming sort of a friend to them, which would have led to civil war…this is hw satan divides the camp in order to conquer…
[vv. 12-20] – note, how Rabshakeh is trying to incite fear in the people…when hunger and thirst shall overtake them, they will with the government eat their own dung and drink their own urine…no statement could be more graphic and everything he says is for the purpose of inciting the people to rebellion and fear…
- however, what he was unaware of was that the Assyrians who attacked the nation of Judah would suffer for a shortage of water before the people of Judah [2 Chron. 32:3-4]
- he is trying to get the people to rebel by promising them they will have more than they will of they will stay with Hezekiah and Judah…
[vv. 21-22] – as Rabshakeh tried to bring fear into the people; note, they held their peace as the king commanded – in other words, don’t even deal with this person…
- it was the treacherous goal of Rabshakeh to win the people over to his side by inciting fear by attacking their faith; but he did not succeed because Hezekiah’s subjects on the wall did not answer him, they held their peace…[Prov. 26:4] – we as Christians need to memorize this for too many times we speak and get in arguments when all were doing is feeding a fool- [Ps. 14]- the fool says in his heart there is not God; Paul told Titus [3:9] – “avoid foolish questions, genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain”…we are spinning our wheels with some folk because they do not want to hear the Truth.,..[John 17:17]
 
Chapter 37
[vv. 1-2] – Hezekiah shared in the feelings of his people, he also rent his clothes; he was completely humiliated before the face of God…
[vv. 3-5] – Hezekiah is crushed as evidence by his words to the prophet Is.
- this does not give any indication of his desire to appear strong, he appears weak, he appears as a broken man…
- he did not seek the Lord through Is. through any of these political experiences…it was only at the last moment that he sought God, when he was in deep trouble…just like some people today…
- his giving of the temple treasures to Sennacherib [2 Kgs. 18:14-16] obviously didn’t meet with Is. approval; he shouldn’t have confessed to Sennacherib I have sinned, he should have confessed to God.
- so by now he is losing his faith and his courage…his request of Is. to raise up an intercessory prayer for the remnant is very important.
- for it indicates that many towns and villages had fallen to the enemy; also that Hezekiah accepted in faith, Is. prophetic view which at the Lord’s command he had preached for many years.
- that is the nation as such was due to extinction and that only a remnant would be saved…so Hezekiah is beginning to understand he should have sought the Lord first not last…
[vv. 6-7] – Is. answer to Hezekiah – what Is. says is Be Not Afraid for God is greater than the words of Rabshakeh…
- the blast spoken about in [v. 7] has to taken in the sense of the operation of an evil spirit or demon in Sennacherib’s heart…scripture often uses the word spirit in a broad sense and it means a man’s soul, his inner life; but scripture also teaches abundantly that there is a realm of evil spirits which though subject to God’s Sovereignty continues to battle with mankind, thus it seems that an unclean spirit of whoredoms tempted Hosea’s contemporaries in the Northern Kingdom to commit abominable acts, [4:12]
[vv. 10-13] – is a second attempt to persuade Hezekiah to surrender, note the words used; what is being said is how will your God deliver you? See how he is trying to stir that fear up again
[vv. 14-20] – Hezekiah above all things was a man of prayer, on 5 occasions we read of him seeking God in prayer…
- Is. reassuring prediction had already put him some at ease, but there was still danger and he felt the need to call the Lord’s attention to Sennacherib’s attack…
- the end of his prayer contains 2 very important motives for urging God to hear his plea…
 
1st – he says, that He who is the God of all the earth, nevertheless is in a special sense the God of Israel
2nd – is that God’s honor was involved and Hezekiah understood this
 
5 Elements of prayer
1) Adoration – is the contemplation and worship of God as He is in Himself; it is focusing on God as He has revealed Himself to us
2) Confession – agreement and promise; it means that I agree with what God says – it means we admit to God that we’re sinners
3) Petition – Calvin –“prayer is the soul of faith”- faith without prayer is lifeless
4) Praise – to praise God, sing unto the Lord
5) Thanksgiving – closely related to praise, (the Jewish people were a praying people) and a congregation of praying people is a thankful people, a Christian must feel that all of his life is suspended between past and present blessings…every prayer must include thanksgiving to God [I Thess. 5:18] – this must contain 2 things
   #1 – it implies gratitude to God
   #2 it implies submission to the will of God
 
[vv. 21-25] – Is. assures Hezekiah that his prayer concerning Sennacherib has been answered and he can sort of put himself at ease. Judah will no longer tremble before the Sennacherib but will now mock Sennacherib, for he will be taken down by God…
[vv. 26-29] – he Is. introduces God, Himself as speaking and he’s calling as it were Sennacherib to order. He is sharply contrasting His power and wisdom with Sennacherib’s power and wisdom and He’s showing the great arrogance of this king…note, God let’s Sennacherib know inwardly and outwardly that He knows his heart and that he is raging against the Lord…
- this idea of raging is brought out very specifically in Psalm 2, all this raging is foolishness in the sight of God…
[vv. 30-32] – God is speaking to Hezekiah and he promises him a glorious sign, the idea of showing him that the nation will be delivered is to take away all concern that he and Judah and Jerusalem will be destroyed…
- from the context, we can see that the Lord wants to teach His people an important lesson by this natural remnant by which he will keep them alive…
- they will reap where they have not sown – this natural remnant of the fields serves Is. as an example and a mirror of the spiritual remnant of Judah in the future…
- the promise concerning the remnant as indicated in [vv. 31-32] indicate several things;
   a) Israel will never be exterminated, even if the world expires in its present form, which it won’t [2 Pt. 3:10- 11] – but a remnant from Israel ill escape judgment…
   b) this remnant will again be planted in its homeland – Jerusalem
   c) the remnant will take root so deeply that it can never be uprooted
   d) the remnant will shoot upward and bear fruit unto God
   e) the remnant will spread out from Jerusalem and fill the entire earth with its fruit…
   f) the burning fire of God’s love will allow this to perform
[vv. 33-35] – a beautiful sermon here on how the Lord provides for His people…
[vv. 36-39] – this brief passage on the downfall of Sennacherib shows that he is not killed by outsiders, but by his own sons…
 
Chapter 38
[vv. 1-3] – Is. was sent to the king with the sad message –“get your house in order, you are going to die”- this is relevant, because all of should continually have our house in order – that is, we should be living in a manner that is looking for the Lord to come at any moment and to be ready and to have shined as a Light that when the Lord comes for us we would hear those words – enter in to the joy of the Lord.
- Hezekiah above all thing was a man of prayer; he was crushed at this announcement, so he goes before God in prayer…
- the problem is that Israel didn’t know of an immortal life as we understand it; they didn’t know of the glorious Hope we as believers have…this is the reason the fear of death in Israel was much greater than that of believers in the NT…
- the main reason [2 Kgs. 21] for Hezekiah’s sadness was the fact that he did not have a successor to his throne, (his son, Mannaseh who was an evil king hadn’t been born yet)
- nevertheless, in his grief, Hezekiah wasn’t without Hope, he turned his face to the Lord and he prayed…
[vv. 4-6] – the answer to Hezekiah’s prayer [2 Kgs. 20:4-5] came very quickly…Is. was still in the palace…God answered Hezekiah’s prayer in a mighty way…
[vv. 6-8] – God gives Hezekiah a sign because he asked for one…his father Ahaz had been offered a sign but wouldn’t take it [Is. 7:11-12] but wouldn’t ask because of pride; but Hezekiah is pious/humble and he says, Lord show me…
- the importance of this miracle is that it took place when Is. prays [2 Kgs. 20:8-11]
[vv. 9-20] – is Hezekiah’s song of lamentation, which he pours out to God and it is divided into 2 parts
[vv. 10-14] – describe his great perplexity when he thought he would only live a few more hours
[vv. 15-20] – describe his gratitude and his earnest intentions and solemn promises he made to the Lord before the assurance that his life would be lengthened…
- he pleaded on a surety – he say God had healed him and given him the blessings he had asked for
[vv. 21-22] – was the means of the cure to Hezekiah’s sickness…
 
Chapter 39
[vv. 1-2] – see [2 Chron. 32:24-31] – it is important to note that in the closing verses of his lamentation song he said he was going to honor God, but [2 Chron. 32:35] “his heart was lifted up”- he did not honor God (beware the mistake of making hollow promises to God)
- regarding the fact that Hezekiah should not have shown the Babylonian ambassage his things, we need to keep in mind 3 things…
1) God left him to try and see all that was in his heart
2) although satan is not mentioned here, we understand that satan fiercely attacked the house of David, and that’s what he is doing here
3) the heart of Hezekiah was lifted up and he rendered not again a blessing for the healing God had bestowed upon him…
- its important to note that Hezekiah knew God had healed him but he chose not to thank the Lord…
- we find in the [Lk. 17:15-18] – the closing verses when Jesus healed the ten lepers and only one of those lepers returned to thank the Lord; we need to understand and be very careful that when God blesses us we give thanks
[vv. 3-4] – the showing of the treasures was not the thing that displeased God, but it was the pride (he was lifted up) – 2 Chron. 32:25) he conducted himself in a way that was careless, reckless, that was filled with ingratitude and pride – his sin was pride – he was filled with pride when he showed the treasuries of God
[vv. 5-7] – Is. prophecies the Babylonian exile in 712BC and this was fulfilled in 586BC – so 126 years will pass before this happens,
[v. 8] – when Hezekiah thought he was going to die he was filled with lamentation; when the end of the nation was announced he remained so calm, that some believe he was selfish…however on the basis of [2 Chron. 32:25-26] we may speak of his humiliation on his part – he says in effect to Is. the word of the Lord is good…and this means he was accepting what God had said…
- now Hezekiah was a good king, a praying king, yet he made this mistake in his life [Rom. 3:23; Is. 64:5] he allowed pride to rise up
- but in that verse of chapter 39, he is saying I am accepting the will of God and we ought to accept the will of God in our lives…