Beulah Baptist Church
Saturday, November 18, 2017

Daniel

Daniel
                                                                                                 
The book of Daniel was named after its principal character, a Hebrew named Daniel; his name in the Hebrew means “God is my Judge
Q. 1 – he was carried away to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 605 B.C.
        - Daniel’s place in the Canon of Scripture; in the English Bible, Daniel is placed among the major
           prophets, right after Ezekiel, thus following the order of the Septuagint and Jerome’s Latin Vulgate; in
           the Hebrew
Q. 2 – Bible, Daniel is placed in the 3rd Division of the canon called the Kethubim
        - in ancient Israel the prophet was primarily a mediator between God and the nation speaking to the people
          on behalf of God, he was in effect a spokesman for the Lord.
        - Daniel did not occupy this position since his training prepared him for service as a statesman at a heathen 
          court (Babylon) a capacity for which he served throughout his long life…because his outlook manifested
          many elements even understood by the Jews, consistent with the highest aspirations of normative
          prophecy, for that reason the NT rightly calls him a prophet [Matt. 24:15]
Q. 3 – Languages – Daniel is written in 2 Languages Hebrew & Aramaic
        - Hebrew sections – 1:1 – 2:4a; 8:1 – 12:13
        - Aramaic sections – 2:4b – 7:28
 
 
 
 
Purpose of the Book of Daniel
- Daniel is not intended to give an account of the life of Daniel, nor is it meant to give an account of the 70 year exile of Israel  
- its purpose is to show how by His providential guidance, His miraculous interventions; His foreknowledge and Almighty Power, the God of heaven controls and directs the
  forces of nature and the history of the nations; the lives of the Hebrew captives and the mightiest kings of the earth for the accomplishment of His divine and
  beneficial plans for His servants and people
 
Date: 626-539 BC…
Interpretations:  Daniel contains revelations for the benefit of God’s people and relates their future destiny to the great world powers.
The theme is in [2] – Nebuchadnezzar’s dream [7]
     – the figure of beasts
     - there are many interpretations to this symbolism
     – 3 that bear particular mention are;
1) The 4 empires are identified as – Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Diadoke
2) They are identified as Babylon, Media, Persia, and Greece
3) They are identified as Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome.
- we believe the 3rd view as the most consistent with the rest of Scripture
2 main interpretative approaches have been maintained by Conservative scholars
1st – is to see the prophesies in [Daniel 2:31-49] and the 4 beasts in [7:2-27] and the 70 weeks in [9:24, 27] as
        culminating in the incarnation of Christ and the fulfillment of God’s Prophet to Israel in the New
        Covenant, implemented in the blood of Christ, on this basis the reference in [9:27] would be to the
        destruction of Jerusalem under General Titus’s army in AD 70.
2nd – understands the prophecies as finding fulfillment in the Coming of Christ – this is the view that will be taught…we need to Pre-millennial in our approach to Scripture
 
Daniel – God’s Man for the Hour
 - his public activities were in accordance with his education – his first appearance was as an interpreter of the
   dream [Ch.2]
- in [Ch. 4] Daniel’s interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream before his insanity
- in [Ch. 5] where he is called upon to interpret the writing on the wall
- in the last 6 chapters of Daniel, we have recorded Daniel’s own visions as given to him by God. 
- all of which are taken up by revelation of the future history of the great world empires especially in their relationship to the people of God and prediction of the final
   triumph of Jesus Christ.
 
Outline of the Book of Daniel
Part I – Daniel’s Visions Under Nebuchadnezzar and his Personal History Under Cyrus Reign
            Ch. 1:1 – 6:28
            A. Reasons for Daniel’s fame and prosperity – Ch. 1
            B. The Image Vision embracing Gentile world empires until its destruction by the smiting stone
                (Christ and His second advent) Ch. 2
            C. Deliverance From the Fiery Furnace Ch. 3
            D. Nebuchadnezzar’s Tree Vision Ch. 4
            E. Belshazzar’s Feast and the Fall of the Kingdom of Babylon [Ch. 5]
            F. Deliverance from the Den of Lions [Ch. 6]
 
Part II – Daniel’s Great Prophetical Visions Ch. 7:1 – 12:13
            A. The Four Beasts and the Second Coming of Christ [Ch. 7]
            B. The Vision of the Ram and the rough goat [Ch. 8]
            C. The vision of the 70 weeks [Ch. 9]
            D. the Vision of God’s glory [Ch. 10]
            E. The Prediction of the Ptolemy’s Rule and the Seleucid Empire and end time events [Ch. 11]
            F. The Great Tribulation [12:1]
                        - the resurrection [12:2-3]
                        - Daniel’s concluding message [12:4-13]
 
- Daniel is one of the most important prophetical books of the OT it is absolutely indispensable as an introduction to the book of NT prophecy (Revelation).
Q. 5 – it deals in-depth with the times of the Gentiles as spoken about by Jesus Christ in [Luke 21:24]
        - Daniel also gives us insight into the men of sin, the son of perdition, the Anti-Christ
        - we’ll learn about the great tribulation, the 2nd coming of Christ, the resurrection, Daniel encompasses the whole generation of Gentile world rule and its destruction
          and the establishment of the Messianic kingdom.
 
- From the Outline –
A. Reasons for David’s fame and prosperity [Ch. 1]
v.1 – historical sidenote – when Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judea, he actually wasn’t king of Babylon, he was
        crowned king here in anticipation of what would happen later, he was young – this is a common
        occurrence in the OT
Q.7 v.2 – Walvoord states that shinar is a nuance for a place hostile to faith
      - the Jews were being snatched out of there land, carried away into the house of the god of Babylon, and that would be the temple of Marduk or Bel-mardule, he was
        considered the patron god of Babylon
      – in [Gen. 11] Tower of Babel – God scattered the people
      – now, it is interesting what occurs here in (v.2) – the plundering of the Temple in Jerusalem.
      - the plundering of the Temple would be considered a sacrilege, or an off-limits thing by the Jews
      – but even pagans observed this as a sacrilege, (all temples had treasure rooms, and most pagans when they invaded an enemy would leave the treasure rooms alone)
      - the Babylonians were so intense in their destruction, so intense in their hatred and desire to break the Jewish spirit that they went against some of their own laws
         and customs and entered the treasure rooms of the Temple
 
 
vv. 3-4 – throughout history it’s been the usual destiny of the aristocratic captives to become pagans in the court of their captors
            - here, the chief eunic is to bring certain men into their court
            - note what kind of men – men without physical imperfections, well-favored which in the Hebrew means good looking; skillful in wisdom, cunning in knowledge,
              understanding
            - these captives were so smart that they would learn the language of the Chaldeans
            – there are those who say this language had been dead for 1000 yrs.
            - now I don’t know whether that is true or not, but if it is they wanted these men to learn an archaic language
            - Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were well-favored by God…
v.5 – these men were groomed for 3 years before they were able to operate as wise men before the king and his court
vv. 6-7 – because Jewish names would sound strange to the Babylonians, their names were changed; now, you must understand these 2 verses the rest of the book of
              Daniel…names were changed to break their Jewish spirit
            - Belteshazzar – Bel was the name of Babylon’s chief god
            - Shadrach – perversion of the other god named Bel – Marduk
            - Abednego – literally the servant of Nebo – was the son of the Babylonian god Bel or son of Nebuchadnezzar, it can go either way
v.8 – Daniel made up his mind that he was not going to defile himself with heathen foods
      – his probable reason was those meats did not meet the requirements of the mosaic law and along with the wine was most likely dedicated to the temples
vv.9-10 – the prince of eunuchs wasn’t referring to the death penalty for himself (remember vv.4-5) the king spent a lot of time/money educating them
            – he didn’t want them malnourished, physically inept
            – for then his investment would be a loss which would result in their deaths
vv. 11-13 – Daniel lays a wager with Melzar to give them pulse (beans and water) he says they will look better than those who get the choice meats
vv. 14-16 – so Melzar proved them in this matter – they got stronger in looks and strength because they trusted in the Lord
              – that ought to be a message to us that we ought not to defile ourselves with the things of the world
              – God will uphold His people…
v.17 – God was with Daniel, He gave him the ability to interpret dreams and visions
       - God was with Joseph; God was with Paul; God was with John on the island of Patmos
       – even though they went through trials and tribulation, God honors His Word, He took care of each of them 
        – He watches over his Word to perform it [Prov. 3:5, 6]
vv. 18-20 – the Hebrew children (Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah) were 10 times better than all the magicians and astrologers of the king’s realm.
v. 21 – Daniel continued – literally means that he lived to see the release of the Hebrew captives in the 1st year of the reign of Cyrus…we know from [Ch. 10] that Daniel 
           lived at least until the 3rd year of Cyrus which was more than 70 years after he had been carried away to Babylon, thus he would have been about 87 yrs. old
           when the captives were released…
 
 
Ch. 2 – B. The Image Vision Embracing Gentile World Empires Until Their Destruction by the Smiting Stone (Christ and His Second Advent.)
 
Ch. 2 is a comprehensive view of world history as it stretched from the time of Daniel 600 yrs. before the birth of Jesus Christ, to the consummation at the second advent of Christ.
- it is most remarkable that Daniel was not only given the broad revelation of what Christ called (Lk. 21:24) “the times of the Gentiles,” but also the chronological history
   of Israel stretching from the rebuilding of Jerusalem to the Second Advent of Jesus Christ…
 - Daniel, must be interpreted from a Pre-millennial viewpoint –
[vv. 1-3] – Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
            - these dreams of God’s plan for the ages were given to Nebuchadnezzar in 2nd yr of his reign – approx. April 603 B.C. – March 602 B.C.
            – Walvoord says they were given around June 605 B.C…
            - somehow Nebuchadnezzar knew these dreams were unique
            – so he turned to his astrologers and magicians
            – now, not much changed since the time of Nebuchadnezzar
            – we understand that people today (even Christians) who call psychic hotlines, that go to fortune tellers and God strictly forbade that…
[vv. 4-6] – they spoke to him in Aramaic [v.4] they tried to please the king with pleasantries
            – however Nebuchadnezzar wasn’t interested in that
            – he wanted to know the dream and its interpretation
            – he makes it quite clear that if they could not tell him the dream and its meaning they would pay with their lives.
            – According to Chaldeans history, this cutting in pieces was accomplished by tying the victim to  four powerful trees whose tops were bent towards the victim, then
              cutting the ropes and as the trees sprang back to position the victim would literally be torn into four pieces…
            - shows the depths of Nebuchadnezzar’s trouble with this dream – but instead of seeking God; he turned to astrologers and soothsayers.
[vv. 7-9] – things hadn’t changed much in 2600 yrs.
              – these astrologers and soothsayers (false prophets) were stalling for time, they did not know, they hoped Nebuchadnezzar would let the ting go as some passing 
                fancy, but he said he would not let it go
[vv. 10-11] – they claimed the king was being unreasonable
             – these men had great standing among the Chaldeans and were not accustomed to being placed in a corner, where they would be found to be imposters; but  
               Nebuchadnezzar was beginning to realize this...
             – we’ll see more of this in [Ch. 4]
[vv. 12-13] – Nebuchadnezzar wanted a public execution so all could see what was going on
                 – the proper officials were sent to get those condemned to death….
                 - Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were  considered professional men because they had undergone 3 yrs of intense training [1:4-5] under 
                   Nebuchadnezzar’s wisest men…
                - the executions were for the wise men, astrologers, soothsayers
                – there is an interesting side-note: it is interesting to note that about 100 years later there was a wholesale massacre of wise men which did occur and resulted
                  in the extermination of wise men and sorcerers; this took place under King Darius I  of Persia, so we know that the King wasn’t making an idle threat.
[vv. 14-15] – the word wisdom in [v. 14] is in the Syriacle or Aramaic taste and it means discretion or tack…            
                  - Arioch was a man Daniel knew and respected guard in Aramaic meant butcher of animals, so we can gather that Arioch was a man to be reckoned with.
[v.16] – expresses perfectly what Habakkuk [2:4] says, “The just shall live by faith” God had not yet revealed the dream to Daniel…
            Daniel shows that he trusted God to reveal it to him
         – he says, Nebuchadnezzar, I need some time – we also need to stand and walk by faith as Daniel and his 3 friends did
[vv. 17-18] – Daniel was confident in his prayer
                 – shows he recognized the effectiveness of prayer
                 – he also shows us by revealing it to his 3 friends that when believers unite in prayers the effectiveness is increased…
                  [Mark 11:22-24] – we must believe before we pray, and after we pray that God is going to answer that prayer.
[v. 19] – God answered Daniel’s prayer. And Daniel thanks the God of Heaven…
 
[vv. 20-23] – Daniel’s hymn of praise
[v.21] – God determines when in history events are to take place, and how long each has to endure, God is not limited to time as we humans are
          – so He can change times and seasons…
          - we ought to thank God even before we pray for answered prayer
          – Daniel gladly thanked God…and gave Him the glory for Daniel’s wisdom…
[vv. 24-25] – Arioch claims to have found the man and he does not humble himself before God
[vv. 26-28] – Daniel gave credit to God – he took the opportunity to witness of the God of heaven before the king and to witness he did 2 things
                 – 1st – he points out the worthlessness of the astrologers, the  soothsayers, and the Chaldeans, he says, king, your wasting your time with these men
                 – there is a God in heaven who is going to show you
                – the 2nd thing he does is he points out the power of God. [Deut. 6:4]
[vv. 29-30] – Daniel makes it very clear that he is only able to interpret the dream because of the power of God Almighty - he takes no credit for interpreting the dream.
[vv. 31-49] – are Daniel’s interpretation of the king’s dream
[vv. 31-34] – first, thing Daniel does is tell the king exactly what he dreamed
                 – the four kingdoms of [Ch. 2] are the Babylonians, Persians, Greco – Macedonians, Romans
                 – note the deterioration from the head of gold to the feet a mixture of iron and clay 
                 - God is desirous to show that the future condition of the world unto the return of Christ will not get progressively better
                – this is something that the modernists, evolutionists, and in our time the New Age movement which says that we will get progressively better
                – mankind’s wisdom and science will increase, and that we will be kind toward one another – you cannot legislate morality – morality must come from a heart
                   that is changed by the blood of Christ
[vv. 35-38] – 1st part of the image – the golden head of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream was the nation of Babylon
                 – the head comes first because it means beginning – others wanted to copy his rule
                 – he had unrestricted  authority over life and death in all of Babylon – the 1st of the 4 world kingdom was Babylon
                 – Babylon fell to the Persians in 536 B.C.
                 - the head of gold lasted a brief 74-75 yrs…even though Nebuchadnezzar ruled only 40 years of that 74- 75 years. He is the figure head of the Babylonian
                   empire…
[v. 39] – the 2nd empire – with breasts and arms of silver Daniel comments very little on, but he does mention that it is inferior
            – beneath the Babylonian empire – the second empire was the Medo-Persia which began with Cyrus the Great who conquered Babylon in 536 B.C. and died 10 yrs.    
              later
            - basically we can say that this empire was supreme in the world for about 191-200 yrs.
            - the 3rd great empire here, is the kingdom of brass – which shall bear over all the earth – Greco–Macedonia empire, established by Alexander the Great who began
              his invasion of Persia in 334 BC,  crushed his last resistance in 331 BC and established a realm of power from Yugoslavia to beyond the Indus Valley in India which
              is the largest empire of the ancient world
           – He died in 323 BC, his territory was split into 4 smaller realms ruled by his former generals – Antipeter talk over Macedonia/Greece; Lasimakus took over
              Greece/Asia Minor; Selucis was in Asia; Ptolemy was in Egypt…thus this empire wasted for approx. 260-300 yrs.
[v. 40] – the 4th empire is the Roman Empire – it was far less in value than gold, silver, or brass – and yet iron was most suited of all those medals to crush opposing powers – it connotes tenacity, brutality
            - the Roman empire (Tragen AD 98-AD 117) – description of Rome is described perfectly in [v. 40]
            - Iron legs represent power to break into pieces all that subdue and oppose them – in AD 364 the Roman Empire split…
[v. 41] – is a picture of the revived Roman Empire – the iron represents the brutality, while the clay represents  (Ironside) an attempt to mix imperialism and democracy;   
             at any rate we are talking about a ten nation confederacy
          – this confederation will try to unite all people under one kingdom Historical facts
           – Rome’s Golden Age AD69-AD180 during this time the Coliseum was built, Arch of Titus was built, a number of public baths, Via Appia road …
           - with the Revived Roman Empire will come the desire to go to back to the strength of the way things were
           – it can come about in 2 ways – revival of the papacy and a revival of the papacy that includes  some of the new Age Movement…
            Catholicism as a rule is a synchristic religion – that is early missionaries of Catholicism would go into a country and allow people they were ministering to, to keep
             some of their former idols…
[v. 42] – the Revived Roman empire will be partly strong
[v. 43] – this empire is going to look like it is coming together but eventually it will collapse
[v. 44] – the 5th kingdom is the kingdom of God
[v. 45] – is a commentary on this
           – this kingdom is established without human accomplishments
           – it breaks in pieces all the kingdoms of man, [John R. Rice] Christ is the Smiting Stone
           – in the days of these kings (revived by the Roman Empire) represented by the 10 toes, shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom…
           - this is the stone that comes to smite the fragments of the revived Roman empire
          – this is an event yet to come – the Second Coming of Christ – and it destroys the beast of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream at the end…
[vv. 46-49] – Nebuchadnezzar says what he says here because he has had a dream interpreted not because he has come to God, because in [Ch. 3] he goes right back and listens to the wise men again…
            - Daniel requests that his 3 friends be promoted and his request is granted
 
C. Deliverance from the Fiery Furnace Ch. 3
[v. 1] – this image may have been similar to the one in his dream, but we don’t know that for certain; but he didn’t like the way Daniel interpreted it…
            - now, this is interesting although Nebuchadnezzar did not necessarily do it intentionally
            – the dimensions 60 cubits high- 6 cubits wide introduces the number 6 which is prominent in Scripture as the number of man [Rev. 13:18]
[vv. 2-3] – here, Daniel mentions groups of officials
              – note the change in Nebuchadnezzar, at the end of [Ch. 2] he had put Daniel and his 3 friends in charge of Babylon
              – but they weren’t “yes men”
              - Nebuchadnezzar liked “yes men” he has again surrounded himself with people who would tell him what he wanted to hear…
[vv. 4-6] – the herald was the town crier – he commanded all the people who were conquered by Babylon when the music was played to fall down and worship the statue – the statue of course represented the world
             – it represented world power – Nebuchadnezzar was the power of the world, he loved his power…
             - he wanted people to know that if they didn’t do it, they would be cast into the fire
[v.7] – points out the fact that if you're going to be a Christian – you are going to be one of a few that have no part in this world…
 
[vv. 9-14] – we need to note that the Chaldeans come forth to the king here and they accuse the Jews...
               (1) of having no regard for the king, (2) of not serving the goals of the king, (3) not worshipping the image which Nebuchadnezzar had set up
               – this last one is looked as sort of a slap in the face of the king
               – what they were trying to do was to infuriate the king and of course they succeeded…
               - they’re saying, you shouldn’t have let these Jews be in charge…
               - now Nebuchadnezzar didn’t like having his authority challenged
               – these 3 Hebrew men dared to stand against this great king, the most powerful king the world has known…
[vv. 15-16] – when they make the statement: “we are not careful to answer thee in this matter”
                 – this is another slap in the face of the king because what they are literally saying is “we don’t need to trouble you any further “we have made up our mind on
                   this subject. Why are you wasting our time and your time…?                                                                                                         
 
            …asking us if we are going to bow down to that image – we want you to know we are not going to bow down to that pile of trash you call a god.”
[vv. 17-18] – teach us in very simple terms without compromise, unequivocally without discussion, no argument say that we will not change our minds 
Sermon outline – The Three B’s of Daniel 3: 17-18
            I. Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego did not bend.
                        a. look at what they said
            II. We will not bow
                        - wouldn’t compromise in their convictions
                        - we will not even bend the knee
            III. They didn’t burn
                        - God delivered them…
                        - God always brings His sheep through the fire…
[v. 19] Wolver (pg. 90) – Nebuchadnezzar lost his temper – losing one’s temper is always the mask of a little man”
            - it’s amazing even after Nebuchadnezzar saw God move miraculously through Daniel in (Ch. 2) (interpretation of the dream)
            – he still insisted his way was the best way
            – he wanted his way Why? his authority was being questioned; his reputation and his honor he felt was on the line; he was being humiliated before the leaders of
              his world empire; before the very people who were bowing down
            - he knew if there were 3 brave men who got away with rejecting worship of that world idol, he knew others would follow
            – he orders the furnace heated 7 more times normal – he didn’t want them to suffer, he wanted them killed instantly…
[vv. 20-21] – because of Nebuchadnezzar’s anger he made a hasty decision; and the men who cast them in were killed
            – now there is an underlying reason as to why Nebuchadnezzar wanted those 3 Hebrew boys killed
            – the Jewish economy was the means that God chose to introduce a system of morality, which furnished a striking contrast to the irregularities of other nations,
              prepared the way for the more complete discovery of the extent of our obligation by the Lord Jesus Christ
           – these 3 were a thorn in the king’s side, they were a constant reminder that God was right and he was wrong [John 10:10]
[v.23] – miracle – they fell down bound, but note, they didn’t die immediately
          – the men who threw them in did, but they didn’t
[vv. 24-25] – the only item that was burned on them was their bonds – 4 men were loose and walking – who was the 4th man – 3 possibilities
                  - some say, the 4th man was an angel
                  - the Jewish Talmud teaches that it was the Archangel Gabriel
                  - what Nebuchadnezzar saw was Jesus Christ, remember, the king didn’t ascribe to monotheism, he was polytheistic, Babylon was a land of gods
                  – but he describes what he saw – the Son of God, Jesus Christ [Ps. 23:4-6]
                 – Christ made us a promise he said I will never leave you nor forsake you...
                 - He’s always there!!!
[v. 26] – this verse points out that Nebuchadnezzar is getting closer to recognizing that there is only one High God
           – he hasn’t got there yet but he is getting closer
           – he’s still going to try to stand on the legs of polytheism and God is going to knock the legs out from under him [Ch. 4]
            there is another miracle (4) here – literally means that the floor of the furnace was level with the  ground…
[v. 27] – another miracle (5) they didn’t even smell of fire…
[vv. 28-30] – angel of the Lord in the OT is Jesus Christ
            – the word promoted in Aramaic means “to cause to  prosper” Certainly, after seeing their 5 miracle Nebuchadnezzar will turn his heart to God.)
             - Again he promotes Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego)  
 
D. Ch. 4 Nebuchadnezzar’s Tree Vision
 
[vv. 1-3] – from this 1st 3 verses it appears that Nebuchadnezzar is going to acknowledge the one true God; but  just as in chapters 2 & 3, we’re going to see that one more time he is going to life himself up in pride, (Pride goeth before the fall) and he is going to fall for seven years (biblical number for perfection or completion); he will be humbled for seven years and then he truly comes to God.
[vv. 4-7] – his vast domains had been made secure, he was flourishing in his palace
[v.5] – implies the dream came first, then upon contemplating the experience he issued a decree to bring all the wise men before him to make known what this
          interpretation was –
[v. 8] – the last man to come in is Daniel, he should have been the first since he had already through God’s power been enabled to interpret the dream in [Ch. 2]
[v. 9] – many make God their last source of refuge
         – they go everywhere else, the fortune tellers, 900 numbers, physics, before they turn to God
         – note here, that Nebuchadnezzar is an idolater, his speech betrays him
         – he does not speak of the one true God, but of many gods
         – some of these god he assumes were beneficent deities through which Daniel had been able to interpret his dreams
         – he also calls Daniel the master of the magicians he is still tied up in astrology, in magic, in fortune telling
         – in this verse we see how loose his convictions are, how easily he drops them. you see, he once in [Ch. 2:47] had called the God of Israel, the God of gods. But
           now he is flip-flopped weak in his convictions, so now he turns to God.
[vv. 10-11] – the tree represented Babylon in all its splendor and the height of the tree represented its pride and  dignity, so high just as the tower of Babel (Gen. 11:1-4) it reached into heaven…
          - Nebuchadnezzar surrounded himself with wealth – Babylon was filled with power, wealth ,and influence and it was filled with every conceivable type of sin. 
          - Babylon then is a type of satanic kingdom
          – Babylon is understood  as the archetypal head of all entrenched worldly resistance to God. 
          - Babylon is an age-long reality including idolatrous kingdoms as diverse as Sodom, Gomorrah, Egypt, Tyre, Rome – [Rev. 17:18]
          – [Jer. 25:8-11] Babylon was used by God as a tool to punish God’s people, here power over God’s people was granted [Rev. 17:17] by God Himself. 
          - This demonic kingdom is however subject to great and final desolation. Drawing from OT pictures of the fate of the city, the prophet depicts the other destruction
            of this haunt of every foul spirit [Rev. 18]
          [Rev. 17:5-7] – the truth concerning the doom and mystery of Babylon is revealed from heaven. It is due to the prophetic disclosure that this embodiment of evil
          can be detected despite its disguise
          – the revised Roman Empire is going to look good especially during the  first 3½ years
          – it will be characterized by pride, power, wealth, and only a disclosure like this reveal the process of swift and final judgment that God will bring. 
          - If we must choose an empirical equivalent for Babylon it would have to be Rome. The city, the empire, the civilization of Rome both in the past and when it is
            revived again in the feet and ten toes of [Dan. 2] – which to the prophet was a contemporary localization and embodiment of Babylon
[v.11] – the symbolism of the tree is very, very significant [Is. 61:1-3; Ez. 31:3]
[v. 12] – many times in Scripture fowls of air and the beast of the field stand for demons
           – and that is what he is dealing with here is an entrenchment of demons
           - the leaves are images for provincial rulers of Babylon
           – the fruit stands for the population of the Babylonian empire
          – this verse is depicting Babylon as an empire where her people had to depend on the government for every need
          – this will carry through to the Roman Confederacy
          – we are seeing this happen right in our nation today
           – pushing on us National Health Care, trying to push on us that we need the government for everything and the Scriptures speak of the Anti-christ in these terms:
          – “who is able to make war with him” and the antichrist will project “false peace; financial security; community cooperation”
 [v. 13] – holy one and watcher is an angel
[v. 15] – the bond of iron and brass around the stump are indicative of God’s mercy even to someone who was  evil; though punishment would come to Nebuchadnezzar and
             Babylon – he would be revived
[v. 16] – Nebuchadnezzar is sentenced to be despised from the honor, state, and dignity of a man, deprived of his use of reason and made to live as a brute beast
[v. 17] – watchers are the angels
          – God has determined what he will do to humble Nebuchadnezzar and the angels will carry out the decree
          – God uses the angels as messengers
[v. 18] – we can see from his words here that Nebuchadnezzar hasn’t humbled himself yet
[v. 19] – Daniel was not troubled because the dream was so difficult, rather because it was so simple; Daniel found it difficult to fathom that the king was to be humbled in
             such a dramatic fashion
           – the last sentence of [v. 19] is Daniel’s way of trying to prepare the king for the bad news that is coming
[v. 20-22] – the first part of the dream is accepted gratefully by Nebuchadnezzar for the truth is Babylon had become great and she contained 2 of the 7 wonders of the
                  ancient world…
[vv. 23-24] – it took seven years to build the Temple in Jerusalem, so Nebuchadnezzar will be punished for seven years
[v. 25] – the time has come for the king to get humbled. God is going to give to him a lesson in who God really is, when this 7 yr. lesson in humility is over Nebuchadnezzar
             will no longer refer to the gods, but he will refer to Him as the most High God…
[v. 26] – God is saying O, king you didn’t want to learn the easy way, so you will learn the hard way
          – when you learn your lesson, you will be restored…when repentance is open and sincere then restoration must come. God will honor His Word; He will restore all who
            come before Him in humble repentance.
[v. 27] – it is always wise to receive good counsel
          – the message Daniel gives to the king here is very simple and straight forward – stop sinning. [Heb. 13:22]
[vv. 28-29] – God gave Nebuchadnezzar one year to repent…Does he?
[v. 30] – his words, his unbridled pride clearly shows that there was no repentance on his part
           – he says, I built it, by my power, for my majesty…
[vv.31-33] – his punishment for his pride; vaunting himself; adoring his own shadow, while the proud word was still in his mouth, the Powerful Word came from heaven by
                 which he was immediately deprived of his kingdom it left him, when he thought he had erected impregnable bulwarks for the preserving of his kingdom
          – in an instant it was gone – when he thought he had it so well guarded that none could take it from him – it departed of itself. 
          - As soon as he becomes incapable of managing it, it is taken out of his hands
          – he is also deprived of his honor as a man. He loves his mind, his reason, his dominion… he became an irrational broken man, he went naked as a brute on all fours
          – made to eat grass as an  oxen…God tore down his pride…
[v. 34] – note, at the end of 7 long miserable years, he lifted up his eyes his intelligence returned to him and he no longer spoke of the gods, he spoke of the Most High
             God only
[v. 35] – All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing” – bottom line is this God is in charge… He is Sovereign and He will do what He wants to
              do. Nebuchadnezzar got the message… Have you?
[vv. 36-37] – everything the king had, had been banished for 7 years
          – but not it is restored, along with that his honor, dignity, his splendor
          – note, here in [v. 37] he makes a public confession for the sin of pride for which he had been punished…
 
E. Belshazzar’s Feast and the Fall of the Kingdom of Babylon [Ch. 5]
Ch. 5 – is the beginning of the fulfillment of the prophecy began in [Ch.2]
[5:1] – what Belshazzar was doing was trying to mock God – this verse shows just how wicked Belshazzar was
          – you might even want to call this a (final fling) because some scholars believe that while this was in progress, Cyrus of the Medes had already captured the city of
             Babylon with the exception of the royal palace and the temple citadel. And the feast was meant to provide courage for the leadership of Babylon
 [v. 2] – “whiles he tasted the wine”
          – this means while he was under the influence of the wine he was not content with drinking from the vessels of Babylon, he wanted to mock the God of the people
             his grandfather had conquered. By drinking from these vessels he proved how high a contempt he had for God’s people.
            - we need to note that the Temple and its furnishings were a type of church. How do we know that? [Heb. 9:21-23]
            – the gold and the precious stones are a type of faith of God’s people [I Peter 1:7]
[v. 5] – what Belshazzar was God’s hand engraving his tombstone – there are 2 things that are very clear from this verse:
            #1 – God wanted to make sure the king saw the writing; over against the candlestick where there would be plenty of light
            #2 – God wanted Belshazzar to know a power greater than the king’s was in control [Ez. 8:1-4]
[v. 7] – we see that he like Nebuchadnezzar before him, seeks the astrologers, magicians
            - he promises to make whoever can reveal the meaning to him the third ruler of the kingdom – of course none of these could do the job…
[v. 10] – the queen, says don’t let this trouble you – (of course she couldn’t see the future, she didn’t know that the king would die in the next hour at the hands of the
             enemy) but she refers to Daniel… 
[vv. 11-12] – these is a key phrase that we need to note here, found in [v. 12] “dissolving of doubts”
          – that phrase means the loosing of knots. It is a figure of speech that the Chaldeans would use and its taken from Babylonian magic, and where we now know that
             knots which could not by, ahh, could only be united by according to common notion by the exercise of greatest care and skill were used to tangle and bewitch one’s
            enemies. So what the queen is trying to say to Belshazzar is that there is somebody out there king who can cancel the evil spell. Remember, the Babylonians did
            not believe in monotheism, but in polytheism (more than one god.)
[v. 16] – shows Belshazzar’s level of desperateness in knowing the interpretation of the writing
          – he offers to Daniel what he offered [v. 7]
[v. 17] – note, Daniel’s reply – “Let thy gifts be to thyself”
          - that’s boldness, folks, he says keep all that junk, I don’t want any of it, (finish reading v. 17) note, Daniel refuses to be equated with the false prophets, so he
             refuses the offer of financial remuneration…
[vv. 18-21] – these verses again point out that Nebuchadnezzar’s downfall was pride and at the end of 7 yrs. he lifted up his eyes to heaven
          – Nebuchadnezzar took 7 yrs. to learn that it is God who is in control. That it is God who ordains who will rule
          – the truth of this is found in [Ps. 75:6-7]
[v.22] – Belshazzar knew all this, he had read it
          – reminds us of those who read the Word of God, just ignore it, claim it is just some old fable, it really doesn’t mean anything…
[v. 23] – points out that Belshazzar’s sin was four-fold in nature
            a. He exalted himself against the Lord of heaven
            b. He committed sacrilege by using the sacred vessels from the Temple in Jerusalem
            c. He worshipped idols
            d. He failed to worship and honor the one living God
[vv. 24-28] – the words Daniel interpreted meant this
          – the kingdom has been numbered; it has been weighed; and now it will be divided…
          - what God is saying to Belshazzar is this you king have been weighed and there is something missing in your life and you have been found wanting. You see, I told
            you already when the handwriting was on the wall that is was already too late.
[v. 29] – he fulfills his promise and makes Daniel the third ruler in the kingdom
[vv. 30-31] – on the very night of the feast the prophecy came true – Belshazzar was slain by Darius of Mede…
 
F. Deliverance from the Den of Lions [Ch. 6]
[vv. 1-3] – Darius recognizes that Daniel had the Spirit of God in him – note; he sets up Daniel as the first of the three presidents because he preferred Daniel over the
                others…
[vv. 4-5] – the native Babylonians and Medes were jealous of this first place honor given to Daniel and they plotted together to bring him into disfavor, not because of his
               role as a political leader, but because of his God.
[v. 7] – note the lie – the verse says that all the presidents, governors, princes, counselors, and captains had consulted together, they did not and that is not true 
          - Daniel was not consulted – remember he was preferred above all of these
[v. 8] – there are 2 reasons why they wanted this decree
          – first is because they were jealous of Daniel;
          - secondly, hey wanted to prevent a concerted effort by the Jews to take over the kingdom. 
          - They saw that the Jews were gaining in favor with Darius…
[v. 9] – Darius signed the decree even though he knew that their request was self-serving. 
          - Why? because he wanted to believe his people first. These is a note of prejudice here. He does not want to believe God’s men.
[v. 10] – note, that Daniel didn’t cry or be mean his situation – again note the character of Daniel’s faith; his other trust in God
          – he just kept on doing what he always did and that was to pray. The times he prayed were 9AM – 12PM – 3PM.
 [vv. 11-12] – what the presidents, governors, and so on are doing is prodding Darius on; this is reminiscent of what the Jews did to Pilate [John 19:7-16] - concerning the
                     crucifixion of Christ.
[v. 13] – let’s pick-up on what the enemies of Daniel are doing here:
            1- they’re spreading a lie – Daniel did regard the king
            2 – they’re attempting to advance their own prejudice – remember the Bible says Daniel was 10 xs smarter than they were
[v. 14] – note the king was displeased with himself, not Daniel. He didn’t want Daniel to be killed. But he knew that a couple of things would happen if he let Daniel go
            #1 – he would lose face
            #2 – he would lose popularity and power because he would renege on his word
            - the word picture for labored here is that of an animal caught in a snare; he couldn’t escape it
[vv. 15-16] – Darius didn’t want Daniel to be killed – so he says, Daniel your God will deliver you.
[v. 17] – the den is sealed, so that no one could change Daniel’s circumstances
[vv. 21-22] – note, Daniel’s testimony to the king – My God hath delivered me. This presents us with a good 2 point sermon on faith
[v. 23] – Title – God Delivers From The Jaw of Death
            I. When God delivered from the jaws of death when we dare to speak His Word in love and truth.
            II. When we dare to believe in Him.
[v. 24] – these men who literally ate Daniel to pieces with their words before the king are now along with their families literally eaten to pieces by the lions
[vv. 25-28] – King Darius recognized 5 things.
            #1 – God is the Living God
            #2 – God is Immutable (unchanging)…
            #3 – God’s Kingdom is an everlasting kingdom…
            #4 – God delivers His people…
            #5 – God manifest Himself in a supernatural way…
 
 
 
Part II – Daniel’s Great Prophetical Visions Ch. 7:1-12:13
A. The Four Beasts and the Second Coming of Christ [Ch. 7]
 
1) The head of gold (Ch. 2) = the lion with eagle’s wings (Ch. 7) – Babylon
2) The breast/arms of silver – Medo-Persia
3) The belly/thighs of brass – Greece
4) The legs of iron = with iron teeth – Roman Empire
(feet and ten toes) = (ten horns) – last and final stage of 4th kingdom; yet future!
            - most conservative scholars claim that what Nebuchadnezzar saw in [Ch. 2] is further amplified in
            [Ch. 7] by the dream that God gave to Daniel, Alvord who is very conservative agrees with that.
[vv. 1-3]- sea symbolizes Gentile world power [Is. 60:5] of [Mt. 13:47] – Jesus says, a net was cast into the sea  to gather every kind; again talking about humanity; cf [Rev. 13:1] – the word sea again refers to humanity – [Lk. 21:24]
          – we are in the times of the Gentiles right now,
          - Nebuchadnezzar saw all the power and splendor of Gentile world rule; Daniel also saw in his vision Gentile world kingdoms it is interesting to note that all the
            symbols of the Gentile world are all beasts or prey.
[v. 2] – the four winds of heaven speak of the unseen but active agency of God as He works behind the scenes  in the affairs of the world
          – wind is sometimes used in the Bible to symbolize the Holy Spirit [John 3:8]
[vv. 4-7] – First beast- is Babylon – its clear from Nebuchadnezzar’s life [Ch. 4] which symbolize his humility in the wilderness
            Second beast is Medo/Persian – it’s a bear and it is clearly described in its alliance of 2 powers
          – in this alliance one power will be more dominate and this is consistent in the fact that Persia dominated Media  
          – note, that one side of the bear was higher than the other the 3 ribs correspond exactly to the 3 major conquest the Medes/Persians made under the leadership of
             king Cyrus his son Canbesces – the 3  conquest are
                        – the Laodean kingdom in Asia Minor which fell to Cyrus in 546 BC
                        - the Chaldean kingdom which he annexed in 539 BC
                        - the kingdom of Egypt which Canbesces acquired in 525 BC
            Third beast – Greece – four wing leopard – this portrays Alexander’s empire divided swiftly into 4 parts, this division took place shortly after this death in 323 BC. Four divisions were as follows:
                        1) Greece/ Macedon – Antipater/ Cassander
                        2) Thrace/ Asia Minor – Lysimecus
                        3) Asia except Asia Minor & Palestine – Selucus
                        4) Egypt/ Palestine – Ptolemy
            Fourth beast – ROME
[v. 7] – Daniel is talking about Rome, but at least 2 different time periods
          – this beast is unlike any other predator in history…
            146 BC – AD 192 – was the time period of the first Roman Empire – 338 yrs. the essential elements for Rome’s decline lay in her people, morals, class struggle,
            failing trade, beauracratic despotism, stifling taxes, consuming wars           
            - moral and aesthetic standards were lowered in the Roman Empire to allow more people to feel comfortable in the Roman Empire
          – the same reasons for the fall off the first Roman Empire will be the cause for the fall of the second
          – it will destroy itself
          – of course this is due to Christ returning…
[v. 8] – horn in the OT meant power of [Dan. 8:20-21; Zach. 1:18-21] - ten horns represent demonic power and the little horn represents “demonic force” –
          - it is only within the last century that God has been unsealing the mysteries of the book of Daniel and Daniel’s dream
          – while the first 3 beasts are easy to interpret because of the historical facts and the ten toes spoken about in [2:41-42;44, 7:7,20,24; Rev. 12:3; 13:1;
            17:3,7,12,16]
          – in order to understand this we have to go back in time 50-52 years to the year 1947 when Benelux came into power. 
At that time Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg became the first 3 horns of the Revived Roman Empire of the terrible 4th beast, and the first 3 nations of that is now known as the European Union. In 1957, France, Italy, and Germany joined that Union making the number 6. In 1973, Briton, Ireland, Denmarkjoined bringing the number to 9. On January 1, 1981, Greece joined the Union to make the number 10. We must note 3 verses [7:8, 20, 24] make note of the number 3 – we read that this confederation will grow to 13. This has already taken place, numbers 11 and 12 who have just joined the European Union were Spain and Portugal and they came in 1986. When Austria joined in 1996 the European Union grew to 13. This is only the beginning – eventually the fourth beast (Revived Roman Empire) becomes the New World Order [Rev. 13:7] – so the Antichrist it no longer going to confine this to the European Union. This prophecy is being fulfilled with the Euro dollar which began being minted in 1998 and will go into circulation in 2001.
[vv. 19-14] – the little horn [v. 8] is the Antichrist of NT future
          – this little horn was not for an earlier time in history but for the end time [Dan. 12:4] Why was this sealed until the end? Because the little horn (Antichrist) arises
             at the last day out of this grouping of ten nations. Since this European Union is already in place there is little question that the Antichrist can and will arise very
            soon [v.11] takes place during the Tribulation period [Rev. 13:5, 6]
[v. 13] – prophecy is about to happen because the term Son of Man is the Messiah and the Savior [Mt. 8:20; 24:30] Ancient of Days is God who presents the kingdom to His
            Son, Jesus Christ
          - this is the exact moment when the stone cut out of the mountain [2:47] without a man’s hand smashes the feet of clay
          –  this announces the return of Christ, because He is the stone or the rock [1 Cor. 10:4] this leads to the great battle of [Rev. 19]
          – this fulfills the prophecy of stone smashing the feet. This is when Christ sets up His millennial kingdom. After the 1000 yr. reign of Christ, the earth is purged,
            Christ is  recommissioned and rules eternally upon the earth [1 Cor. 15:24-28 – cf Eph. 3:21]
[vv. 15-16] – the reason Daniel was so disturbed it he saw a dark future for the Jewish people, in addition Daniel saw that the coming of the Messianic kingdom was in the
                   future
          – he saw that there would be a great time of trial and tribulation for the Jewish people. [v. 16] God provided a messenger.
[vv. 17-22] – Daniel always used the word saint with reference to his own people. The church saints are not in view right now in the book of Daniel, since they will have
                   been caught up in the Rapture before the Little horn makes war with the Jewish saints [Rev. 20:4] [Rev. 4:1] – the church is in heaven. 
Side note – Babylon in the NT is Rome
 
[v. 25] – activity of the antichtist will last for 84 months/7yrs. upon the earth. His reign begins when he makes a peace contract with Israel and the nations [Dan. 9:22] says, he shall confirm the covenant for a period of 1 week. And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease. Hebrew word for week is Shabrah, a time period of 7 yrs. After [42 months/ 3 ½ yrs] the antichrist will break his covenant with the Jews. [Rev. 11:2; 13:5]
note-time = 1 year; times = 2 yrs; Dividing of times = one half yr.
 
B. The Vision of the Ram and the Rough Goat [Ch. 8]
            2 important factors mark the beginning of [Ch. 8] – first, the language returns to the Hebrew, instead of the Aramaic used by Daniel from [Ch. 2:4-7:28] Second,
            the change of the language from the Aramaic to Hebrew is in keeping with the changing thought beginning in this chapter. 
            From this point all the through the end of the Book of Daniel, the prophecy (even though it concerns the Gentiles) is occupied with human history as they relate to
            Israel. Beginning in [Ch. 8] Daniel’s visions concern the empires of Persia and Greece as they relate to Israel.
   - under Persian government, Israelites went back to rebuild their land and their city, Jerusalem
   - under Grecian domination, (in particular Antiochus Epiphanes) the city and the Temple were again desolated
   - Epiphanes means God manifests
   - in fact, Antiochus Epiphanes is a type of antichrist
   - in fact, this chapter and other parts relating to Antiochus Epiphanes are what is known as a double reference
     prophecy – what took place 175 yrs. before Christ, will also take place again then the antichrist comes on the
    scene, for it is almost an exact facsimile what Antiochus Epiphanes did and what the antichrist will do.
[vv.3-4] – the two horns are the dual components of the kingdom that will overthrow Babylon, that is Media and Persia, of the two horns, the higher came up last
          – of the 2, Persia came up higher. In fact, for about 200 yrs. Persia expanded her empire with irresistible free
[v.4] – the three points in [v.4] agree with the 3 ribs found in [Daniel 7:5]
          – the ram was the national emblem of Persia
          – the strength of the ram enables it to push other animals or kingdoms out of its way. The strength of this ram lasted from 700BC – 228BC
[vv. 5-8] – the he goat that was about to over power Persia moved with such rapidity that its feet didn’t even touch the ground
          – the goat represented Greece, the next kingdom in line for world domination and the Persian kingdom fell in 334 BC, when Alexander the Great conquered King
             Xerxes…
[vv. 7-8] – speak of the fact that upon Alexander’s untimely death at age 33, Greece was divided into 4 parts
[v.9] – this little horn arises out of one of the divisions of Alexander’s empire, in 175 BC there arose from the Selveid dynasty in Syria, a man named Antiochus, who gave
           himself the name Epiphanes (god manifests) – Antiochus was the 8th king of the Syrian dynasty and he reigned from 175 BC – 164 BC…
            - read 2 Maccabees in the Apocrypha –
            Antiochus compelled Jews to:
            a) break the OT Laws
            b) change the name of the Temple of God, to the Temple of Olympian Zeus [2 Mac. 6:2]
            c) defiled the Holy place with harlots – Antiochus brought harlots into the Temple of God
            d) he forbade the keeping of the Sabbath under penalty of death
            e) he forced Jews to eat unclean food (specifically swine)
            f) he commanded all male (Jew) babies who were circumcised to be cast from the city walls
            g) he murdered Jews, he openly refused to sin and blaspheme God
            h) he also sacrificed a kid in the Temple and scattered its blood in the Holy of Holies – [Dan. 8:11-12] – during his reign of terror he killed by conservative estimate
               100,000 Jews
[v.10] – shows how Antiochus was coming against God, Himself by persecuting the Jews and stamping upon them and certainly the antichrist will do that
[vv.11-12] – according to [v.11] which speaks of both Antiochus Epiphanes and the antichrist will magnify himself to the prince of the Lost. [Is. 14:12; Ez. 28] how pride caused Lucifer to fall. – Antiochus claimed to he god, himself – he rook the name Epiphanes which meant (God manifests) – and certainly  we know that in the middle of the Tribulation the antichrist will do the same and claim and compare himself to God.
[v.12] – is a brief capitualization of Antiochus Epiphanes and the antichrist activities against God
          – we also see  here because of the transgression of God’s people
          – Antiochus had Divine permission; from the Book of Job we learn that God allows satan to have a permissive realm in certain areas
          – we certainly don’t understand till that, but we know from Job that God allows a permissive realm.
          - note, here that it will seem as if this evil way will prosper – it will seem that way
          - Epiphanes had a threefold purpose that aligns perfectly of the future antichrist
            1) a religious purpose – one world religion
            2) a militarily strong power – if you reject it you will be punished
            3) it will be beauracratic and ethnic – one world government (New World Order)
                - the antichrist role will be to develop a statewide cult –
 
2 Thess. 2:3-12; Rev. 13:13-18
[v. 13] – Key questions for Daniel – how long will this persecution last?
[v. 14] – 2300 days or just under 6 ½ yrs.
          – again the Bible predicted this to the very day; Antiochus Epiphanes desecrated the Temple, persecuted the Jews, and reeked havoc on all who believed from Sept.
             6 171 B.C. to Dec. 25, 165 B.C. exactly to the day 2300 days.
            - is that all there is to it? No [Daniel 9:26-27]
            - both Antiochus Epiphanes and the antichrist will break the covenant with the Jews here’s an interesting thing – after Dec. 25, 165 B.C., the Temple was cleansed
              and rededicated when a Jewish priest, Judas Maccabees drove out the Syrian army.
[vv. 15-16] – Daniel sought to know the vision and the man’s voice in [v. 16] that instructs Gabriel could be Christ, God the Father, or Michael the Archangel
          – but scripture isn’t clear for us to say just who it is for certain…
[vv. 17-18] – the angel strengthened Daniel
[vv. 19-24] – these verses are double reference prophecies;referring to Antiochus Epiphanes and the antichrist
[v. 23] – King of fierce countenance was Antiochus Epiphanes
          – The antichrist will be the same, both had/will have understand dark sentences
            - the antichrist symbolized by Antiochus reign of terror will be empowered by the dragon [Rev. 13:2]
          –  he will be a proved man; he will be the great final ruler of the Revived Roman Confederacy, subduing all who stand before him, making himself a master and a god
             of this world
          – he will destroy both the mighty and the holy as he employs tactics of deceit and treachery; he dupes the world with his peace proposals and toward the close of his
             rule he destroys millions because they discover he is not what he claims to be; he will offer himself as the prince of peace [Dan. 11:21-24] [cf. Rev. 6:2] speaks of
             the  antichrist who is faithless and vile
          – just like Antiochus Epiphanes, the antichrist will be broken without hand; he will go insane like Antiochus did as he is defeated by Christ
 
References that tie –in Antiochus and the antichrist
1) Both Antiochus Epiphanes and the antichrist are energized by Satan, that is each is not powerful in their won power, but are empowered [Dan. 8:22-24; Rev. 13:2]
2) both will be magnified – [Dan. 8:25; 2 Thess. 2:9]
3) both will greatly prosper [Dan. 8:24; Rev. 13:16-17]
4) both will invade the holy place [Dan. 8:11-12; 2 Thess. 2:4]
5) both will make war with God’s chosen people [Dan. 8: 24; Rev. 13:7]
6) both will be conquered by Jesus Christ [Dan. 8:25; Rev. 19:11-21]
[v. 26] – is a warning to Daniel that the vision will not manifest itself for many years.
[v. 27] – “sick certain days” means that he was so emotionally drained by his vision and Gabriel’s interpretation that he laid on his bed in prayer for God’s people who
            would be born and suffer long after his death; he rose and returned to his duties for the king…
 
 
C. The Vision of the 70 Weeks [Ch. 9]
Ch. 9 has great divisions – prayer and prophecy –and before the prophecy was revealed he was found on his knees before God in earnest prayer.
 
[vv. 1-3] – there are 3 significant ninth chapters in the OT, all containing a similar prayer – [Ezra 9, Nehemiah 9, Daniel 9] in each instance a servant of God was on his knees before God interceding for the people of God. [2 Pt. 1:2]
          – holy men of God are men of prayer – [James 1:5]
          - Daniel is reading from [Jeremiah 25:11-12] – [2 Chron. 36:1] – was the reason for the punishment, the more Daniel read, the more excited he must have become
             for he realized that the 70 yrs, was about to come to an end
            605 – captivity of the Jews started – it is now 538 BC – 67 yrs. have passed by he only ha 3 yrs. left in Babylon
           – but we are forced to say not so fast Daniel
          – there’s more to come and that is the end time revelation that is the essence of Ch. 9
          – you see, he had only a partial understanding
[vv. 4-6] – [John 3:5, 6] – tells us the meaning of the sackcloth and ashes
            - Daniel’s prayer is marked by confession first; Daniel knew that confession of sin is the first requisite to a successful prayer life and subsequent blessings of
               God. Confession is simply agreeing with what God has said. 
            - there are 2 reason why Daniel confessed
                        #1 – he recognized that Israel’s unpreparedness was preventing the Lord from doing all that He promised
          – you see, there’s an immutable principal in God’s Word
          – it says if I regard iniquity in my heart the Lord will not hear me [Ps. 66:18] [Prov. 15:29] [I John 1:9]
                        #2 – was his hearts attitude towards God – his reflection on the nature and attributes of God
          – he knew God was a God to be reverenced.
          - Daniel knew, as should we that it is important for us to confess our sins
[vv. 7-19] – Daniel began his prayer with a broken and contrite heart…
            - he prayed for personal revival
            - he uses the name Yahweh seven times in the passage
           – this prayer shows us Daniel’s utter dependence upon God for the answers
           – this is a model prayer for Christians
            - because of his tender heart towards God and a conscience that could be quickly and easily touched, he was unusually responsive when he heard the Word of the
              Lord
DIASPORA = dispersion – [Dt. 11:26-28]
            - the Jews had turned their back on God and His Word [Moses Law]
            Sermon – Prayer and Responsibility – [Dan. 9] of Ps. 66:18-20] [Is. 59:1-2]
            - unfortunately, for many modern Christians, the idea of true and honest confession, is not something they practice, unless we recapture the spirit of humility and
              face up to what we’ve done to distance ourselves from God and choose to make amends our spirits will remain shallow and insensitive to the work the God wants
              us to do in our lives – [Ps. 66:18-20]
            - repentance means a change of mind.
[vv. 20-21] – Daniel was blessed in a very special way while he was praying because before he even finished praying – God was sending the answer [Is. 65:24] – God sent Gabriel to give Daniel understanding.
            - the significance of the evening oblation, which was between 3PM thru 4PM and is referred to in the NT as the ninth hour – [Acts 3:1, 10:3, 30]
            - it was in the ninth hour that the OT sacrifices were offered – what were they? A perfect yearling lamb offered as a world burnt offering, accompanied by a meal
              and drink offering which typified the future sacrifice of Christ on the cross as the spotless Lamb of God [Hebrews 9:13-14]
            - it was in the ninth hour that Christ died on Calvary [Mt. 27:46]
            - at the very hour the sacrifices would have been offered in the Temple, Daniel was on his knees  preventing himself as a living sacrifice [Rom. 12:1-2]
 
[vv. 22-23] – Gabriel’s mission – 3 parts
            #1 – give Daniel skill and understanding
            #2 – assure Daniel, that God loves him
            #3 – encourage Daniel to give his undivided attention in considering the vision
[v. 24] – what is the significance of the 70 weeks?
            - Gabriel gave Daniel, God’s message that He would punish Israel for 70 beyond the Babylonian captivity
           – a number that gives us the only OT prophecy that speaks of the precise hour of Christ’s first coming…
           - we have to review [v. 25] – in the context of [Nehemiah 2:1-8]
            - in [Neh. 2:1-8] – we learned that the Jews who had visited their home land were sad because their homeland was in such disarray.
            - that is why they requested that the city of Jerusalem with the wall be rebuilt
            - with that background look at [Neh. 2:1] – Artaxerxes came into power in 465 B.C.
            – but now it is Artaxerxes 20th year of rule which makes the year 445 BC – it is the first day of the month of Nisan 445BC
            – translated to the modern calendar it is March 14, 445BC
            - this is the beginning point of the rebuilding of the wall and the city of Jerusalem; a task which had to be completed in 7 weeks or literally 49 yrs. and it happens
              right on time.
            - however, there’s a second part to this prophecy that refers to the presentation of Jesus Christ as King
            - note that there are 2 princes in this text
            – the first is Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace; the second prince is a Roman general who invades Jerusalem
            - the 1st prince Jesus Christ will be cut off after 7 wks and 62 wks for a total of 69 wks or 483 years.
            - take 483 yrs and multiply it by the Jewish method of reckoning, which is 360 days in a year and you get 173, 880 days
            - from the date that Nehemiah said, you may go ahead and rebuild the wall in Jerusalem March 14, 445  BC to the day the Jesus Christ rode into Jerusalem on Palm
               Sunday, April 6, AD 32 exactly to the day 173, 880 days had passed – we need to understand that prophecy is right on target
            - if the Jews had only studied their OT prophecy – (if they didn’t know it during His 3 ½ years of ministry)
            – they would have known it on the day He rode into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, that Jesus Christ was the Messiah, the King of Kings
            - the second prince was Vespasian and his son Titus and they stacked Jerusalem in AD 70
            – Antiochus Epiphanes, Apollonius, Vespasian, Titus are all types of antichrists
           – here in [v.26] Vespasian and Titus are highlighted because they are both Roman princes
          – the antichrist will some from the revived Roman Empire
          – we need to be dogmatic when we say our era definitely could be what Daniel called the time of the end.
            - now there is an apparent gap between [vv. 26, 27]
          – and the gap is about 2000 yrs. possibly, that’s an important period of time because without it we would be forced to see these events taking place within a 
             limited space of time as 490 days instead of 490 yrs. and the former would be impossible.
            - The question that confronts us is – did the 70 week run its course without interruption?
            - meaning that is not past and prophecy as been fulfilled
            - the answer is clear, the answer is emphatic – NO
            - the 69 weeks are separated from the last week by an interval of time
            - v. 26 when it talks about the Messiah being cut off refers to Christ death and the destruction of Jerusalem, in A.D. 70
            - while v. 27 passes only a time yet in the future
             – it hasn’t come yet; the 70th week of seven years awaits its fulfillment at a future date
            - the full 70 weeks, this is just a possibility, might have run their course with out interruption had the Jews accepted Jesus as the Messiah and the rightful heir to
               David’s throne
             – but they didn’t, they crucified Him and as a result were scattered over the face of the whole earth with recognized relationship with God…
            - we cannot lose sight of the fact that the entire prophecy has to do with Daniel’s people. The Jew and the Holy City, Jerusalem
            - is this gap or parenthesis borne out by Scripture – does Scripture speak of 2 different time periods spoken about in relation to Christ?
cf. Isaiah 9:6 – note – the government was not on Christ ‘s shoulder the first time He cane to Jerusalem – when  he come the 2nd time [Rev. 19] He literally rules and reigns for 1000 yrs. [Rev. 20:4]
            - we need to understand that some verses of Scripture contain parenthesis in relation to Christ between His 1st and 2nd comings…
            - we are in a parenthesis right now between the 69th and the 70th week, so the 70th week has not started.
            - by the time we reach [v. 27] the antichrist is already in full power and Daniel’s 70th week is in effect
            - it begins when the evil one confirms a peace pact with Israel
            - if the first prophecy of 173,880 days was fulfilled exactly as Daniel prophesied, then the final week of Hebrew Shaboah, the last seven year period of 2,520 days
               will also be fulfilled right up to the exact moment
            - that’s why [Rev. 2, 13:5] mentions 42 months – [Rev. 11:3, 12:16] cite it as 1260 days one half of the Tribulation period
           – in the middle of the week the antichrist causes the sacrifices to cease
            - what is the difference between the Rapture & the Second Coming?
 
Rapture Passages                                                        2nd Coming
John 14:1-3                                                                 Dan. 2:44-45
I Cor. 1:7-8                                                                 Dan. 7:9-14
I Cor. 15:51-53                                                           Dan. 12:1-3
I Cor. 16:22                                                                 Zech 12:10; 14:1-15
Phil. 3:20-21                                                                Matt. 13:41; 24:15-31; 26:64
Col. 3:4                                                                       Mark 13:14-27; 14:62
I Thess. 1:10                                                                Luke 21:25-28
I Thess. 2:19                                                                I Thess. 2:8; 1:6-10    
I Thess. 4:13-18                                                          Acts 3:19-21
I Thess. 5:9, 23                                                           I Thess. 3:13
2 Thess. 2:1, 3                                                             I Pt. 4:12-13
I Tim. 6:14                                                                  2 Pt. 3:1-14
2 Tim, 4:1, 8                                                                Rev. 22:7, 14
Titus 2:13                                                                    All of Rev. 20
Hebrews 9:28                                                              Jude vv. 14, 15
I Pt. 1:7, 13                                                                 Rev. 1:7
I Jn. 2:28-3:2                                                               Rev. 19:11 – 20:6
Jude v. 21
Rev. 2:25
Rev. 3:10
 
D. The Vision of God’s Glory Ch. 10
- this chapter is graphic on how Daniel received this final revelation including many incidents that accompanied God’s delivery of this message to Daniel
- this chapter can be divided into 5 parts
            I. The Concern of Daniel – 10:1-3
            II. The Coming of that Certain Man – 10:4-9
            III. The Communication of the Angel – 10:10-12
            IV. The Conflict of the Spirit World – 10: 13, 20
            V. The Cause of Angelic Visitation – 10:14-21
 
I. The Concern of Daniel [10:1-3]
[v.1] – the vision of Daniel was called a thing – there was more than one thing, - we’ll see that in [Ch. 11&12]  which indicates that a number of singular events comprised
           a main event – all history is focused on the return of Jesus Christ – that is the main focus of this vision
            - it was made clear to Daniel that he had been given understanding of this vision
            - even though he had been given understanding, the thing troubled Daniel so that he fasted 3 full weeks 21 days
            - if we go to [Ezra 1:1-4] we lean that it was at least 2 yrs. since Cyrus had issued his decree allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem
            - now there are a number of possibilities why Daniel was fasting and mourning, one of the strongest is he knew that even after the 70 yrs, were over that still
              mourning lied ahead for the Jews
            - certainly there was the possibility that not all the Jews were very excited about going back to their homeland.
            - we can read about that in Malachi
           – the Jews were back in their land but things were not going well, they were disobedient, weren’t tithing, they were bringing a curse upon themselves
          – there were many problems
            [Ezra 2:64-65; Nehemiah 7:66] – we find the exact number of those who returned to the land of Israel –  42,360 Jews, 7,337 servants and maids, 245 men and
             women singers
            - note Daniel’s demeanor during his fast (4 things)
            - he ate no fancy food; he ate no flesh; drank no wine; and he did not anoint himself
           – so in a sense Daniel was in mourning for what would later come for the Jews
            - now the revelation Daniel was about to receive was hard for him to hear and even more difficult for him to accept
            – although he knew in his heart what God was telling him was true, Daniel’s vision revealed an enormous conflict that would afflict the Jews at a later time
            - this would be greatest war the world’s powers had ever encountered; a future conflict that would include something unheard of before a massive angelic invasion,
              that while yet unseen, would be instrumental in shaping the final results of international events [Eph. 6:12]
            - the most difficult part of the vision for Daniel to accept was that this future trauma would threaten the very existence of Israel, a nation and a people who had
               already suffered intensely
            - Daniel, understood that in the 70 weeks to come the nation Israel would suffer great persecution [Dan. 12:1] – book – lamb’s book of life
            - Daniel knew that this would take place during the 70th week a time period [7 yrs.] known as the latter days [10:14]
            - while Daniel couldn’t understand the specifics of this conflict, he had enough understanding to know  this would be a horrible time for his people
            - that’s why he is so moved that he mourns for his people [Zach. 14:2]
 
II. The Coming of That Certain Man [vv. 4-9]
- the place of the vision takes place by the side of the great river Hiddekel, which is the Tigris River
– here we learn for the first time that Daniel did not accompany the Jews back to Jerusalem – although it is implied in earlier verses of Ch. 10…
Who is this certain man?
- the description is almost exactly like that given in [Rev. 1:13-15] when Jesus Christ appeared to John on the island of Patmos
- this vision is known as a Christophony – a physical appearance of the personage of Jesus Christ. [Prov. 30:4]
– the text in Proverbs states that God had a Son hundreds of years before Christ was born of Mary in Bethlehem
- the certain man is none other that Christ
- Daniel fell to the ground in a deep sleep when he heard Christ talking
 
III. The Communication of The Angel [10:10-12]
- the scene suddenly changes it is no longer Christ who stands before Daniel but an angel
- you say, wait a minute how come its an angel?
- because if this were still Christ speaking before Daniel we would be forced to conclude that Christ had little or no power because the prince of Persia [10:13] who withstood the messenger would be able to withstand Christ and therefore demonstrate more power that the Son of God possessed – that’s impossible
- so we’re safe to conclude this is an angel – it is more than likely Gabriel
- there are more than 300 references in the Bible to angels – angels have 3 basic functions
            1. to worship God
            2. to act as heralds between God and men
            3. to act as our guardians while never interfering with our free will
 
IV. The Conflict of the Spirit World [10:13-20]
[v. 13] – the delay of the angel coming to Daniel is explained in this verse
            - he was delayed by the prince of the kingdom of Persia who withstood that angel for 21 days, the length of time Daniel fasted and mourned; that’s why men ought
              not to faint but continue to pray
            - the prince is not the king of the kingdom of Persia, but rather the angelic leader of Persia, a fallen angel of satan; in contrast to the angelic prince Michael;
              they’re both called princes
            - that the angelic prince of Persia in an evil, fallen angel is clear from the fact that his opposition to the angelic messenger to Daniel is given as the reason for the
               delay of 21 days
            - all during the period of Daniel’s fasting and praying a spirited conflict invisible to the human eyes was taking place; this was resolved by the coming of the arch
              angel Michael
            - today, satan is in control – you know there is 3 heavens – satan is in control of heaven #1 and heaven #2, that’s why he can approach the end of heaven #2 AND
              KEEP UP HIS INCESSANT ABUSE OF God’s people
          – the church [Rev. 12:10] – he accuses the brethren, he is the god of this world’s system, he is the prince of this world [Jn.12:31] and that’s why you and I don’t
             wrestle against flesh and blood (other human beings,) but against principalities, against powers, against the ruler of darkness in heavenly places [Eph. 6:12]
            - fallen angels are everywhere and satan is the head of these fallen angels…
            - but the ultimate control belongs to Jesus Christ [Jn.14:27]
            - on 3 occasions Jesus referred to satan as the price of this world John 2:31; John 14:30; John 16:7
[v. 16] – lord is spelled with a small “l” is it was Christ here, it would have a capital “L.”
[vv. 18-21] – the angel touches Daniel again, giving him more strength and encouraging him to be strong; this message was as important for Daniel as it is for us today
            – our strength comes from the Lord
            - the Bible says we should partake of His strength on a daily basis; God gives us grace day by day
[v. 20] – the angel came to calm Daniel’s fears; to encourage him, to comfort him, to show compassion to him, to love him
            – we ought to be doing the same for our fellow man
            – to be walking in the attitude of patience, love, doing everything we can to show the love of Christ demonstrated in our concern for others
            – that’s the lesson of the angel to us…
            - the angel (Gabriel) was going back to the spiritual battle against the fallen angels; he was going to join Michael (the archangel, protector of Israel) to fight with
              the prince of Persia and then the prince of Greece
            - simply stated, the (Medo-Persia) Persian empire would fall to the Grecian empire
            - this is precisely what happened 200 yrs. in the future (Dan. 11)
            - these is double meaning in the text when the angel states that there will come a time when the nations will fight again (Dan. 11)
            – when will Persia again war against the Jews [Ex. 38:1,2,5]
            – Russia – ancient Persia is known today as Iran & Iraq; when Russia invades Israel the European Union leaders will simply say this cannot happen [Dan. 11:40-41]
            - the western forces are going to try to put an end to the Northern army of Russia and her allies Egypt, the Arabs, the other
            – this is when we find the prince of Greece involved…
            - how can we be sure of that? Very simple, because on January 1, 1984 Greece became the 10th nation to join the European Union
            - the powerful revived Roman Empire including Greece is already beginning to form its own army; an army that will one day move with great strength into the
              middle east – and it can happen in our generation
           – the seals that kept a lid on the vision of Daniel are coming off and we are beginning to see things come to pass…
 
E. The Prediction of the Ptolemy’s Rule and the Selveid Empire and End Time Events [Ch. 11]
- chapter 11 divides into 2 major parts
 
[vv. 1-35] – it describes the major rulers of the Persian Empire and then gives in great detail some of the major events of the third empire, following Alexander the Great, and concluding with Antiochus Epiphanes
[vv. 36-45] – deal with events that are yet future
[vv. 1-35] – contains approx. 135 prophecies  
[vv. 1-4] – see previous notes
[vv. 5-20] – records the wars between Syria and the Egyptian Ptolemy’s
[vv. 7-10] – Egypt is identified as the king of the south
[vv. 13-19] – refer to a prophecy given to Daniel that was more that 300 years in the future.
                      Syria {Selvelds) - North vs. Egyptians (Ptolemy’s) – South
[vv. 21-35] – deal with Antiochus Epiphanes
 
 - Continuation of discussion on [11:1-35]
 
3 key facts in regards to Dan. 11:1-35
            1 – they contain 135 prophecies that have been fulfilled 100%
            2 – there is not supportive evidence in history to contradict those 135 fulfilled prophecies
            3 – they provide a convincing introduction to the end time events
 
[vv. 36-45] – deal with the end times – these prophecies have yet to be fulfilled
[vv. 36-37] – The meaning “he will regard the desire of women”
            - some scholars say that this means that the antichrist will not engage in the normal physical desires for women
            – he will be a homosexual, that’s one way to look at it; however more in line is that this is a specific urge or craving the women of Israel had to become the mother
               of the Messiah, fulfilling [Micah 5:2; Is. 9:6-7]
             – therefore because the Antichrist hates God and Christ and he has no regard for the Savior. The desire of the woman for centuries to bear and deliver the
               Messiah mans nothing to him. He hates the Messiah.
            - he will set himself up as a king, he will have regard only to his vain rule
            – everything the antichrist does is exactly the opposite of what Jesus Christ does – it is an antithesis
            - the title antichrist can be interpreted 2 ways and both ways fit him
            #1 – can refer to one who stands in the place of Christ or a substitute Christ
            #2 – someone who opposes Christ
            - he will prosper; he is empowered by satan
[vv. 38-39] – the god that the antichrist will honor will be satan [Is. 14:11-14]     
            - he will worship the god of forces (especially the New Age Movement)
[vv. 40] – the king of south in Egypt; he combines with a federation of Arab nations who will align with Egypt [Ez. 38:5-6] They are Persia, modern day Iran & Iraq,
               Ethiopia, Libya, Tugarmah (modern day Turkey)   and Syria (Damascus) Is. 17:1 and [Ps. 83:4-8] – Edom, Moab, Ammon (Jordan) Gebal, Tyre,                                 (Lebanon) and the Philistines (which are the Palestinians today)
             [38:15] – king of the north is Russia
            - the message of [v. 40] is taking shape
[vv. 41-44] – glorious land is Israel
            - is appears the antichrist will spare certain people in his attempt to conquer Israel. (Edom, Moab, children of the chief of Ammon)
            – here we need to remember something –OT history – these nations were the perennial enemies of Israel, they undoubtedly stood for what the antichrist stood for;
            - however it appears God is reserving these nations for a special judgment, because of their original mistreatment of the Jews, and both Isaiah And Ezekiel speak
              of special judgments on the Arab people in [Is. 11:11-14] [Ez. 25:12-14]
 
F. The Great Tribulation [Chapter 12]
            A. The Resurrections [12:2-3]
            B. Daniel’s Concluding Message [12:4-13]
 
          - the work of Michael, the archangel will become even greater than it is presently, during the Great Tribulation [Jer. 30:7]
          – Jesus confirmed Jeremiah’s prophecy in [Matt. 24:21
          - Jesus said in [Rev. 12:7, 8] that Michael would fight for the Jews in the end times
          - so let’s ask the question why will Michael be there at the end time? So that the Jews might be saved physically. The Jews will need his protection more than ever
            during this period of time.
         - when satan is cast out of heaven, he will have as his primary goal to absolutely obliterate the Jewish people from the face of the earth [Rev. 11:13]
[v. 2] – contrary to what many Jews think, the OT does deal with a resurrection. 
            - you’ll remember that in the NT Jesus had a problem with the Jewish leader called the Sadducees that deny the resurrection [Matt. 22:23; Acts 23:8] unfortunately
             many people (including Jews) fail to realize that [Dan. 12:2] is in the Bible
          – the Jews (except for those who are saved) don’t recognize the NT
          – Jews believe the last book of the Bible is Malachi…the scenario of [Dan. 12:2]
          – it’s a critical one for us to understand in some detail and it all begins with the resurrection of the righteous at the time of the rapture, prior to the Tribulation [John 5:28-29] – Christians are not at the Great White Throne Judgment… [Rev. 4:1] is when believers are Raptured [1 Thess. 4:16-18] at this point the Tribulation          begins. During this time of tribulation great numbers of Jews and Gentiles will be killed for refusing to accept the mark of the beast [Rev. 13:15] talks about the mark of the beast. [Rev. 20:4] speaks to those who refused the mark. This is the resurrection for those who endured the Great Tribulation hour, those who were saved through the preaching of the 144,000 converted Jews spoken of in [Rev. 7:4-8] –  because of those faithful servants
          – there will be many both Jew and Gentile who will be saved. These are the ones who have come out of the Tribulation and have washed their robes white in the
            blood of the Lamb. Millions will survive the 7 yr. Tribulation and will also be saved spiritually.
          - [Matt. 25:31-46] – Jesus Christ returns to judge the nations and to begin his 1000 yr. reign upon the earth. Allowing those who survive the 2520 day to enter the
              Millennium in their natural bodies. At this point, the previously Raptured saints return with Christ [Jude 14]
          – that is the moment when He returns  as King of Kings and Lord of Lords according to [Rev. 19:16]
          – but how do the Jews arrive in this scenario?
          - the resurrection of Jewish believers in [Dan. 12:2] explains that millions who died during the Tribulation hour both Jews and Gentiles, plus all believing OT Jews
            are raised to live with Christ for  1000 yrs. At this juncture when our Savior returns as outlined in [Rev. 19:16; 20:4] these OT Jews strongly believed in and looked
            forward to Messiah’s first and second coming and founded their faith on     Him as Redeemer [Ps. 22; Is. 53] 
            These resurrected Jews who lived a holy life [Heb. 11] receive rewards just as the church did [2 Cor. 5:1; Rom. 14:10; 2 Tim. 4:7-8; Rev. 4:10-11] at the
           Judgment Seat of Christ. So whether we are Jew or Gentile believers there will be rewards for the faithful. Remember that all those saints assemble at this time for
           one reason and one reason only to live and reign with Christ for 1000 yrs. in the Millennial Kingdom.
[v. 4] – there are two explanations that fit in both prophetically and perfectly into the Word of God for this verse where it says “many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.”
                        #1 – when he says many shall run to and fro – the Hebrew word for run is shute – to push forth – but most often when used in scripture, it has a figurative
                               meaning – meaning to lash at the ocean or lash at the sea with oars. And the implication there is travel. Little needs to be said about travel today. It
                               is surprising to see through the centuries how knowledge has increased our ability to travel.
 
           - he says knowledge shall increase – the Hebrew word for increase – Rabah – implies not an addition of knowledge but a multiplication of knowledge
          – this is so much of an exact prophecy God gave to Daniel, that knowledge is presently doubling – every 22 months.
            Paul told [2 Tim. 3:7] – men would be ever learning and never able to come to the knowledge of truth. Here in this verse he is talking about earthly human
            knowledge and not Godly wisdom.
            - from 1950 to until the year 2000 productivity and knowledge regarding scientific achievements and all these things is a 1 trillion fold increase.
            - so we can see that Daniel 12:4 is exact and that we are very, very close to the Rapture.
       #2 – secondary meaning is the inordinate fascination with knowledge concerning latter day predictions. Indicating that people would run to and fro, every where they   
              could possibly run to understand  prophecies concerning the return of Jesus Christ. 
              This is exactly where we are today. And according to Dr. Nocera, one could go to what he would call pagan book stores and find books on Eschatology,  
              Prophecy, and End Time events. Again this is because we are closing in on the end times.
[vv. 5-12] – Daniel is again joined by two angels. And his question is what’s going to take place in the long run? He already understands that the Jews coming out of the 70 yr. period of captivity is not the end of it. There’s more to it than that. He understands that there is a Tribulation and a Great Tribulation coming and he is especially curious about how this is going to affect his people before Jesus Christ  appears.
            - in [Dan. 7:25] – what is revealed to Daniel is that the antichrist will be in control for 3½ yrs. at the end of that time is [Ad. 12:7] the end of that 3½ yr.
              people. The angel is talking about when the antichrist is  defeated by Christ.
            - the angel is referring to the terrible battle described in [Dan. 11]
            - the 42 months of [Rev. 13:5] are translated as 1260 days in [Rev. 11; 3; 12:6] these battles occur for a period of 42 months right up to the exact moment the
              beast and his armies battle Jesus Christ in the final battle as recorded in [Rev. 19:11-21] – this is the 3rd and final portion of Armageddon  
           - then as Christ appears the words of [Is. 2:4] takes place – it will take [9:6] Christ to accomplish this.
            - [Matt. 24:16-21] – because of the terror in the holy land many will scatter;
             [v. 10] – there will be those who will be saved – sadly, there will be those who will not understand, because [1 Cor.2:1-4] the natural man is not spiritually minded.
           - difference in time of days speaks to a time of consecration [2 Chron. 30:2-4] (process would take 30 days)
           - Hezekiah said there could be no Passover until the priests had consecrated themselves, this is a beautiful  picture of why an additional 30 day period will be
             necessary for God’s people to prepare themselves spiritually to rule and reign with Christ for the millennium.
           - the other 45 days is because Christ [Matt. 25:31-46] must judge the nations, thus we end up with additional 75 days in addition to the 1260 days
            – there is not contradiction
            – here’s why? 45 days are needed to determine who enters the Millennial period; thirty days are needed to train God’s people for kingdom service…
 
 Four Point Message at the Conclusion of Daniel
 
I. Daniel had a great God.
II. Daniel had a great message.
III. Daniel had a great joy.
IV. Daniel had a great hope.
                                                Titus 2:13